Cranford, Robert Marion, WT1c

 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Petty Officer First Class
Last Primary NEC
WT-0000-Water Tender
Last Rating/NEC Group
Water Tender
Primary Unit
1943-1944, WT-0000, USS Houston (CL-81)
Service Years
1932 - 1944
WT-Water Tender
Three Hash Marks

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

Home State
Year of Birth
Not Specified
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Mike Lester (Dirt), BT2 to remember Cranford, Robert Marion, WT1c.

If you knew or served with this Sailor and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
Casualty Info
Home Town
Little Rock, AR
Last Address
2410 Booker St
Little Rock, AR
(Father~Robert Cornelius Cranford)

Casualty Date
Oct 14, 1944
Hostile, Died of Wounds
Other Explosive Device
Pacific Ocean
World War II
Location of Interment
Manila American Cemetery - Taguig City, Philippines
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Tablets of the Missing (cenotaph)

 Official Badges 

 Unofficial Badges 

 Military Association Memberships
World War II FallenUnited States Navy Memorial The National Gold Star Family RegistryWWII Memorial National Registry
  1944, World War II Fallen
  2016, United States Navy Memorial - Assoc. Page
  2016, The National Gold Star Family Registry
  2016, WWII Memorial National Registry

 Ribbon Bar

 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
US NavyUSS Helena (CL-50)
  1938-1939, WT-0000, USS Hamilton (DD-141)
  1939-1943, WT-0000, USS Helena (CL-50)
  1943-1944, WT-0000, USS Houston (CL-81)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1941-1941 World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Attack on Pearl Harbor
  1942-1942 Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-42)/Guadalcanal-Tulagi landings
  1942-1942 World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-42)
  1942-1942 Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-42)/Cape Esperance (Second Savo)
  1943-1943 World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/New Georgia Campaign (1943)
  1943-1943 Northern Solomon Islands Campaign (1943-44)/Battle of Kula Gulf
  1944-1944 Mariana and Palau Islands Campaign (1944)/Battle of Philippine Sea
  1944-1944 World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Mariana and Palau Islands Campaign (1944)
  1944-1944 Asiatic-Pacific Specified Raids (1944)/Formosa Air Battle
 Other News, Events and Photographs
  Jun 07, 1932, Service Entry Date & Serial Number
  Nov 21, 1938, Received on USS Hamilton
  Jun 19, 1939, Transferred to NOB Norfolk, VA for Discharge End of Enlistment
  Jul 11, 1939, Re-enlisted
  Aug 12, 1939, Received Naval Receiving Ship New York
  Sep 18, 1939, Commissioning Crew of USS Helena CL-50
  Mar 15, 1940, Captain's Mass: AWOL for 20 Hours
  Dec 07, 1941, Survived the Japanese Attack at Pearl Harbor on the USS Helena
  Dec 01, 1942, Promoted to Water Tender 1st Class (WT1)
  May 05, 1943, Extended Enlistment 1 year
  Jul 06, 1943, Survived the Sinking of the USS Helena
  Dec 20, 1943, Commissioning Crew of the USS Houston
  May 05, 1944, Extended Enlistment outside the Continental Limits of the US
  Oct 14, 1944, Died from wounds or injuries received in action
  Oct 14, 1944, Buried at Sea
  Oct 14, 2016, General Photos1
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
WT1c Cranford died of wounds that occurred on 14 October when she was hit by an aerial torpedo that struck under the hull amidships. All four of her machinery spaces were flooded and the armoured deck was distorted. 

The Houston formed part of Task Group 38.2 and at the end of August sailed as part of the escort for the carriers that attacked the Palaus on 6 September. The Houston then carried out a shore bombardment of Peleliu and neighbouring islands. She then escorted the carriers as they raided the Philippines, before returning to Peleliu to support the troops.

On 6 October the carriers left for a raid on Formosa. Okinawa was hit in passing on 10 October, before on 12 October the carriers began three days of fierce attacks on Formosa. The Japanese responded with heavy air attacks and the resulting battles did much to destroy Japanese land-based naval air power. This victory didn't come without a cost for the Americans. On 13 October the heavy cruiser Canberra was damaged, and on 14 October it was the Houston's turn. She was hit by an aerial torpedo that struck under the hull amidships. All four of her machinery spaces were flooded and the armoured deck was distorted. She may have taken on as much as 6,000 tons of water.
Not Specified
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