Barclay, McClelland, LCDR

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Last Rank
Lieutenant Commander
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1943-1943, USS No Name (LST-342)
Service Years
1938 - 1943
Lieutenant Commander
Lieutenant Commander

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

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Home State
Missouri
Missouri
Year of Birth
1891
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Steven Loomis (SaigonShipyard), IC3 to remember Barclay, McClelland (Mac), LCDR.

If you knew or served with this Sailor and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Casualty Info
Home Town
St. Louis, Missouri
Last Address
Killed in Action, Lost at Sea aboard LST-342, sunk at Rendova, New Georgia in the Solomon Islands, 1943.

Casualty Date
Jul 18, 1943
 
Cause
Hostile-Body Not Recovered
Reason
Torpedoed
Location
Solomon Islands
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
Buried at Sea, Pacific Ocean
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Lost at sea, body not recovered.

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 Military Association Memberships
World War II FallenFamous People Who Served
  1943, World War II Fallen [Verified]1
  1943, Famous People Who Served [Verified] - Assoc. Page

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 Duty Stations
US NavyDirect Commission Officer School (Faculty Staff)Commander Naval Recruiting Command (CNRC)USS Arkansas (BB-33)
USS Honolulu (CL-48)USS Maryland (BB-46)
  1919-1938, Broken Service
  1938-1938, Direct Commission Officer School (Faculty Staff)
  1938-1940, Bureau of Construction, Equipment and Repair
  1940-1941, NRD New York
  1942-1942, USS Arkansas (BB-33)
  1942-1942, USS Pennsylvania (BB-38)
  1942-1942, USS Honolulu (CL-48)
  1943-1943, USS Maryland (BB-46)
  1943-1943, USS No Name (LST-342)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1943-1943 World War II
  1943-1943 World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/New Georgia Group Operation
 Reflections on Service
Please describe who or what influenced your decision to join the Navy?
Whether you were in the service for several years or as a career, please describe the direction or path you took. What was your reason for leaving?
If you participated in any military operations, including combat, humanitarian and peacekeeping operations, please describe those which were the most significant to you and, if life-changing, in what way.
Was there a particular incident during your service when you believed you were in a situation you might not survive? Please describe what happened and what was the outcome.
Of all your duty stations or assignments, which one do you have fondest memories of and why? Which one was your least favorite?
From your entire service, including combat, describe the personal memories which have impacted you most?
What achievement(s) are you most proud of from your military career? If you received any medals, awards, formal presentations or qualification badges for significant achievement or valor, please describe how these were earned.
Of all the medals, awards, formal presentations and qualification badges you received, or any other memorabilia, please describe those which are the most meaningful to you and why?
Which individual(s) from your time in the military stand out as having the most positive impact on you and why?
Please recount the names of friends you served with, at which location, and what you remember most about them. Indicate those you are already in touch with and those you would like to make contact with.
Can you recount a particular incident from your service which may or may not have been funny at the time, but still makes you laugh?
What profession did you follow after your military service and what are you doing now? If you are currently serving, what is your present occupational specialty?
What military associations are you a member of, if any? What specific benefits do you derive from your memberships?
In what ways has serving in the military influenced the way you have approached your life and your career? What do you miss most about your time in the service?
Based on your own experiences, what advice would you give to those who have recently joined the Navy?
In what ways has TogetherWeServed.com helped you remember your military service and the friends you served with.
 Colleges Attended 
Washington University in Saint Louis
  1910-1914, Washington University in Saint Louis
 Other News, Events and Photographs
 
  McClelland Barclay (1891-1943) artist23
  LCDR McClelland Barclay (1891-1943)21
  Killed in Action 19431
  Jun 15, 1943, Heroes of the South Seas1
  Jul 18, 1943, He died while doing what he loved most.1
  Jul 18, 2012, General Photos1
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

LCdr. McClelland Barclay
(1891-1943)

Naval Artist WWI and WWII
"War Arts Corps"
Killed in Action 1943


McClelland Barclay was born 9 May 1891, St. Louis, Missouri. He attended grammar school and high school in the area and was a good boxer and an excellent swimmer. His reputation as a football player was such as to make him an eagerly sought prize by colleges all over the country, however, he preferred art studies. He attended the Corcoran School of Art, the Art Student's League in New York and studied art at Washington University, in St. Louis. During those years he was a student of H. C. Ives, George Bridgman and Thomas Fogarty.

During World War I he was awarded a prize by the Committee on National Preparedness in 1917 for his poster "Fill the Breach". The next year, he designed naval camouflage under the direction of William Mackay, Chief of the New York District Emergency Fleet Corporation.
His title was Director of Camouflage in the Navy, his work in this field being credited with saving many Allied ships.

The designer: McClelland Barclay also produced sculptures and jewelry, especially between 1932 to 1938. A McClelland Barclay signature was good, but a Mac signature was gold to serious collectors. It meant Barclay had custom designed the piece for an individual--usually one of a kind.


His commission was activated in 1938 as a Lieutenant and his chief duties for the navy were similar to the work he did in the First World War. By the end of 1940 he was a Lieutenant Commander in the United States Naval Reserve and by January 1941 he was on active duty serving as a combat artist. In addition to recruiting posters, many of his illustrations appeared on the cover of Sea Power magazine because of his realistic rendering of action scenes. He was also commissioned to paint portraits of the officers and develop propaganda posters to encourage support of the war effort. Additionally, he qualified as a Navy deep-sea diver.
 
Lieutenant Commander Barclay worked on further camouflage assignments until early in 1942 when he got a front row seat aboard battleships and cruisers in both the Atlantic and Pacific. While on assignment in the South Pacific, LCdr. Barclay was killed in action on 18 July 1943, when a Japanese submarine torpedoed the LST he was aboard in the Solomon Islands as it approached New Georgia Island.

He was a man of many talents and interest that seemed to thrive in dynamic environments and died while doing what he loved most.
   
Comments/Citation
The "Navy and Marine Corps Medal" was designed by Lt. Cmdr. McClelland Barclay, a naval reservist who was a professional artist in civilian life, the approved design featured a spread-winged eagle perched on a fouled anchor. Below the anchor was a globe depicting the western hemisphere, and below that was the inscription, "Heroism."

In 1944 Barclay was awarded the Art Directors Club Medal posthumously, "in recognition of his long and distinguished record in editorial illustration and advertising art and in honor of his devotion and meritorious service to his country as a commissioned officer of the United States Navy."
   
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