HANSON, Edward, RADM

Deceased
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Rear Admiral Upper Half
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1948-1950, 15th Naval District
Service Years
1911 - 1951
Rear Admiral Upper Half
Rear Admiral Upper Half

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

99 kb

Home State
Minnesota
Minnesota
Year of Birth
1889
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Steven Loomis (SaigonShipyard), IC3 to remember HANSON, Edward (Navy Cross), RADM.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Alexandria, Minnesota
Last Address
Died October 18, 1959
San Diego, California

Date of Passing
Oct 18, 1959
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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 Unofficial Badges 




 Military Association Memberships
Military Order of the World Wars (MOWW)
  1945, Military Order of the World Wars (MOWW)


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity


Rear Admiral Edward William Hanson
US Navy WWI and WWII
28th Governor of American Samoa
Commander Battleship Division Nine
(ComBatDiv 9) 1943-1945.

Edward W. Hanson (February 12, 1889 – October 18, 1959) was a United States Navy Rear admiral and the 28th Governor of American Samoa from June 26, 1938 to July 30, 1940 (Naval Station Tutuila). Hanson was born and lived in Alexandria, Minnesota. Hanson served at the Naval War College. He was the commanding officer of the USS Indianapolis (CA-35). He also commanded the 15th Naval District in the Panama Canal Zone and headed BatDiv 9. As Governor of American Samoa, Hanson believed that the native Samoans had a good way of life, and did little to interfere with established practices on the islands. At the time of his governorship, he was a Commander.

WWII, USS Indanapolis, 1941-1942

When Japanese bombs struck Pearl Harbor, Indianapolis, then making a simulated bombardment of Johnson Island, immediately joined Task Force 12 and searched for Japanese carriers reportedly still in the vicinity. She arrived Pearl Harbor 13 December and entered Task Force 11 for operations against the enemy.     

Her first action came in the South Pacific deep in enemy dominated waters about 350 miles south of Rabaul, New Britain. Late in the afternoon of 20 February 1942, the American ships were attacked by 18 twin engine bombers, flying in two waves. In the battle that followed, 16 of the planes were shot down by accurate antiaircraft fire of the ship and fighter planes from Lexington.All ships escaped damage and they splashed two trailing Japanese seaplanes.     

On 10 March the Task Force, reinforced by the carrier Yorktown, attacked enemy ports at Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea, where the enemy was marshaling amphibious forces. Carrier- based planes achieved complete surprise by flying in from the south, crossing the high Owen Stanley mountain range, and swooping in to strike Japanese harbor shipping. As they inflicted heavy damage on Japanese warships and transports, the American flyers knocked down many of the enemy planes which rose to protect the ports. American loses were exceptionally light.     

Indianapolis then returned to the United States for overhaul and alterations in the Mare Island Navy Yard. Reinvigorated, Indianapolis escorted a convoy to Australia, then headed for the North Pacific where Japanese landings in the Aleutians had created a precarious situation. The weather along this barren chain of islands is noted for continuous coldness; persistent and unpredictable fogs; constant rain, snow, and sleet; and sudden storms with violent winds and heavy seas.     

By 7 August, the task force to which Indianapolis was attached finally found an opening in the thick fog which hid the Japanese stronghold at Kiska Island, and imperiled ships in the treacherous and partially uncharted nearby coasts. Indianapolis' 8 inch guns opened up along with those of the other ships. Although fog hindered observation, scout planes flown from the cruisers reported seeing ships sinking in the harbor and fires burning among shore installations. So complete was the tactical surprise that it was 15 minutes before shore batteries began to answer; and some of them fired into the air, believing they were being bombed. Most of them were silenced by accurate gunnery from the ships.     

Japanese submarines then appeared but were promptly depth-charged by American destroyers. Japanese seaplanes also made an ineffective bombing attack. The operation was considered a success despite the scanty information on its results. It also demonstrated the necessity of obtaining bases nearer the Japanese held islands. Consequently, U.S. forces occupied the island of Adak later in the month, providing a base suitable for surface craft and planes further along the island chain from Dutch Harbor.

   
Other Comments:

NAVY CROSS
Edward W. Hanson

Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Dale
Date Of Action:
Summer, 1917

Citation:

The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) Edward W. Hanson, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally distinguished service in the line of his profession in command of the U.S.S. Dale in making the trip of 11,000 miles from Manila, P. I., to Gibraltar, under very unfavorable weather conditions, the southwest monsoon being then at its height, and arriving in the Mediterranean with his vessel in readiness for immediate participation in the operations against enemy submarines in the Mediterranean and later in the Atlantic.

 

   
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 Duty Stations
US NavyNaval War College (Faculty Staff)Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV)USS Indianapolis (CA-35)
Commander in Chief Pacific Fleet (CINCPACFLT)/Commander Pacific Fleet (COMPACFLT)
  1917-1918, USS Dale (DD-4)
  1934-1936, Naval War College (Faculty Staff)
  1936-1937, USS Erie (PG-50)
  1938-1940, Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV)
  1940-1942, USS Indianapolis (CA-35)
  1941-1942, Commander, Scouting Force, Pacific Fleet
  1943-1945, Commander, Battleships-Cruisers, Pacific Fleet (ComBatCruPac)
  1946-1946, 14th Naval District/COMNAVBASE Pearl Harbor
  1948-1950, 15th Naval District
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1917-1918 World War I
  1943-1943 Central Pacific Campaign (1941-43)/Marshall Islands Operation
  1943-1944 World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Northern Solomon Islands Campaign (1943-44)
  1944-1944 Mariana and Palau Islands Campaign (1944)/Battle of Philippine Sea
 Colleges Attended 
United States Naval Academy
  1907-1911, United States Naval Academy
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