Lansdowne, Zachary, LCDR

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Last Rank
Lieutenant Commander
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1942-1949, USS Lansdowne (DD-486)
Service Years
1909 - 1925
Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Commander

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Home State
Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Steven D. Loomis (SaigonShipYard), IC3 to remember Lansdowne, Zachary, LCDR.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Greenville, Ohio
Last Address
Arlington National Cemetery

Casualty Date
Sep 03, 1925
Non Hostile- Died Other Causes
Air Loss, Crash - Sea
Not Specified
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

WWI Discharge Pin

 Unofficial Badges 

 Military Association Memberships
In the Line of DutyHistorical Sailors
  1925, In the Line of Duty
  1925, Historical Sailors [Verified]

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Naval Aviator Wings
Dirigible Pilot Wings

 Duty Stations
US Naval Academy Annapolis (Faculty Staff)US NavyNAS PensacolaNaval Support Unit (NSU)/State Department, Washington, DC
CNO - OPNAV/Naval Attache/Asst Naval AttacheUSS Shenandoah (ZR-1)
  1905-1909, US Naval Academy Annapolis (Faculty Staff)
  1909-1911, USS Virginia (BB-13)
  1911-1913, USS Mccall (DD-28)
  1914-1916, Other Military Service
  1917-1917, Airship
  1917-1917, NAS Pensacola
  1917-1918, United States Embassy/London, England
  1918-1919, Royal Air Force (RAF)
  1922-1923, CNO - OPNAV/Naval Attache/Asst Naval Attache
  1924-1925, USS Shenandoah (ZR-1)
  1942-1949, USS Lansdowne (DD-486)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1917-1918 World War I
 Colleges Attended 
United States Naval Academy
  1905-1909, United States Naval Academy
 Other News, Events and Photographs
  Zachary Lansdowne
  Sep 03, 2012, General Photos1
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

Naval Aviator No. 105
Awarded the Navy Cross during peacetime

Killed in the crash of the Shenandoah ZR-1

Lieutenant Commander Zachary Lansdowne, USN (December 1, 1888 - September 3, 1925) was a United States Navy officer and early Naval Aviator who contributed to the development of the Navy's first lighter-than-air craft. He died in command of the airship USS Shenandoah (ZR-1), which crashed in Ohio on September 3, 1925.

Born in Greenville, Ohio, Lansdowne was appointed to the United States Naval Academy September 2, 1905 and commissioned Ensign June 5, 1911. He subsequently served on the destroyer USS McCall (DD-28), and in the Ohio Naval Militia. After completing his aviation training, he became Naval Aviator 105.

Lansdowne was assigned to duty with the Royal Naval Air Service during and after World War I, to study dirigibles. He was awarded the Navy Cross --For distinguished one of the crew of the British airship R-34, which in July 1919, made the first successful nonstop passage from England to the United States.-- He married Margaret Kennedy Ross (September 30, 1902-June 9, 1982) on December 7, 1921 in Washington D.C. She was later remarried John Caswell Jr. on February 27, 1927. {Caswell died on December 23, 1954 in Washington D.C.} On February 11, 1924 Landsdowne took command of the rigid lighter-than-air ship, USS Shenandoah (ZR-1), and was killed when she crashed at Ava, Ohio, September 3, 1925. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

The crash of the Shenandoah was the trigger for Army Colonel Billy Mitchell to heavily criticize the leadership of both the Army and the Navy, leading directly to his court-martial for insubordination and the end of his military career.
The USS Lansdowne (DD-486), a Gleaves-class  destroyer, and Lansdowne Airport in Youngstown, Ohio were named in his honor.
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