Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Last Service Branch
Medical Corps
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1944-1946, Bureau of Medicine (BUMED)
Service Years
1941 - 1946
Medical Corps

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

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Home State
New York
New York
Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Steven Loomis (SaigonShipyard), IC3 to remember MacCRACKEN, Dr. Wm. (M.C.) (Navy Cross), CDR.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Mount Vernon, NY. Home of record: Berkeley CA
Last Address
Not Specified

Date of Passing
Feb 29, 1960
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

WW II Honorable Discharge Pin

 Unofficial Badges 

 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

Dr. William Benjamin MacCracken, II
U. S. Navy (MC) WWII
Marine Raider Battalion
also known as "Carlson's Raiders"

Dr. William B. MacCracken II of Berkeley, Calif., was recently awarded the Navy Cross by the Commander in Chief of the Pacific Fleet, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz. --April 1943.

Award and Citation
Navy Cross
Awarded for actions during World War II

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lieutenant (MC) William B. MacCracken II, United States Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as Senior Medical Officer of the landing forces of the SECOND Marine Raider Battalion, against Japanese-held Makin Island, on 17 and 18 August 1942. Lieutenant MacCracken personally carried many of the wounded to positions of greater safety, thereby enabling himself to administer early and effective aid, following the first enemy air attack. When his boat overturned, endangering the life of a seriously wounded enlisted man during the first attempt at evacuation, he risked his own life by holding the helpless man's head above the water and swimming ashore with him. After returning to his ship, Lieutenant MacCracken performed six major operations under most difficult circumstances and, as a result of his skillful and tireless efforts, he succeeded in bringing all of his cases back to base in excellent condition. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant MacCracken saved many lives. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service.

General Orders: Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Action Date:
August 17 & 18, 1942
Service: NAVY (USS Nautilus SS-168)
Rank: Lieutenant
Company: Medical Officer (Attached)
Battalion: 2d Marine Raider Battalion
Other Comments:
Dr. William Benjamin MacCracken II 1907-1960

Born on September 2, 1907, in Mt. Vernon, New York, where Dr. MacCracken also completed his primary education, he was graduated from New York University in 1928 and from the Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1932. Following his internship at the Bellevue Hospital, he completed his residency at the New York Orthopaedic Dispensary and Hospital and was subsequently appointed as Annie C. Kane Fellow for three years at the same institution. Upon completion of his research fellowship, he established his practice in orthopaedics in Oakland, California.

The call of the sea was strong, and the war clouds were gathering, with the result that in September 1941, Dr. MacCracken enlisted in the United States Navy as a Lieutenant. He was retired from the Naval Service with the rank of Commander and subsequently became associated in the practice of orthopaedics with Dr. Francis Scott of Huntington, West Virginia, on February 1, 1946.

Naval Service:
The year 1942 and the dates August 17 and 18 are not too far removed from the memory of many of us, nor the submarine known as the "Nautilus", nor the Second
Marine Raider Battalion also known as "Carlson's Raiders". Bill was one of them. As if this assignment in itself were insufficient to prove his courage and his selfless devotion to his country and to his fellow-men, Bill, on those two memorable days, so distinguished himself that he was decorated with the Navy Cross by Admiral Nimitz.

He was subsequently decorated a second time by Major-General A. A. Vandergrift of the United States Marine Corps for outstanding service during the invasion of Aola Ba
y (Guadalcanal) on November 5, 1942. He received other unit citations as well during the various operations of the Second Raider Marine Battalion throughout the South Pacific Area.

USS Nautilus (SS-168) earned the Presidential Unit Citation and 14 battle stars for her service during World War II.

Gung Ho! (full title: Gung Ho!: The Story of Carlson's Makin Island Raiders) is a 1943  war film starring Randolph Scott. The story is based on the real-life World War II Makin Island raid led by Lieutenant Colonel Evans Carlson's 2nd Marine Raider Battalion.

 Photo Album   (More...

 Ribbon Bar
Submarine Medical Badge
Submarine Combat Patrol Badge - 7 Patrols

 Enlisted/Officer Basic Training
  1941, Direct Commissioned Officer Indoctrination Course (DCOIC) (Newport, RI)
 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
Submarine School Officers Basic CourseFormal Schools and Training CoursesUSS Nautilus (SS-168)US Marine Corps (USMC)
Bureau of Medicine (BUMED)
  1941-1942, Submarine School Officers Basic Course
  1942-1942, Scouts and Raiders Training Course
  1942-1943, USS Nautilus (SS-168)
  1942-1943, US Marine Corps (USMC)
  1943-1943, USS Nautilus (SS-168)
  1944-1946, Bureau of Medicine (BUMED)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1942-1942 Submarine War Patrols
  1942-1942 Submarine War Patrols
  1942-1942 Submarine War Patrols
  1942-1942 World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater
  1942-1943 Submarine War Patrols
  1942-1942 Central Pacific Campaign (1941-43)/Battle of Midway
  1942-1942 Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-42)/Guadalcanal-Tulagi landings
  1942-1942 World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-42)
  1942-1942 Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-42)/Cape Esperance (Second Savo) 1
  1943-1943 Aleutians Islands Campaign (1942-43)/USS Nautilus (SS-168) Attu Landings1
  1943-1943 USS Nautilus (SS-168)
 Colleges Attended 
University of New YorkColumbia University
  1924-1928, University of New York
  1928-1932, Columbia University
 Other News, Events and Photographs
  A thought by Dr. MacCracken (his father...)
  Feb 29, 1960, WILLIAM BENJAMIN MacCRACKEN II 1907-1960m (bio)1
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