Gaul, James Harvey, LT

 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Last Primary NEC
00X-Unknown NOC/Designator
Last Rating/NEC Group
Rating/NEC Group Unknown
Primary Unit
1944-1945, POW - Germany
Service Years
1941 - 1945

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

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Home State
Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Michael Frederick, DK2 to remember Gaul, James Harvey, LT.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Pittsburgh, PA
Last Address
New York

Casualty Date
Jan 26, 1945
Hostile, Died while Captured
Intentional Homicide
World War II
Location of Interment
Epinal American Cemetery and Memorial - Epinal, France
Wall/Plot Coordinates

 Official Badges 

WW II Honorable Discharge Pin

 Unofficial Badges 

 Military Associations and Other Affiliations
World War II FallenWWII Memorial National RegistryUnited States Navy Memorial The National Purple Heart Hall of Honor
The National Gold Star Family Registry
  2018, World War II Fallen
  2020, WWII Memorial National Registry
  2020, United States Navy Memorial - Assoc. Page
  2020, The National Purple Heart Hall of Honor
  2020, The National Gold Star Family Registry

 Photo Album   (More...

 Ribbon Bar
Basic Parachutist

 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI)US Special Operations Command (USSOCOM)Prisoner of War
  1941-1944, Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI)
  1944-1944, US Special Operations Command (USSOCOM)
  1944-1945, POW - Germany
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1944-1945 World War II/European-African-Middle Eastern Theater
 Colleges Attended 
Harvard UniversityHarvard University
  1928-1932, Harvard University
  1938-1940, Harvard University
 Other News, Events and Photographs
  Jun 15, 1942, Promoted to Lieutenant
  Dec 22, 2020, General Photos3
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

James Gaul served as a Lieutenant, Office of Strategic Services, U.S. Navy during World War II.

He resided in
New York State prior to the war and earned degrees from Harvard and Cambridge. He had a PhD in archaeology. Having spent much time abroad in different countries he was familiar with 14 languages and spoke 6.
Lt. James Harvey Gaul became a member, and second in command, of what was called the "Dawes Team" when he was sent to
Slovakia on October 17, 1944. The "Dawes Team" was sent into Czechoslovakia (Present Day Slovakia) to rescue downed American/Allied airmen.
Lt. James Harvey Gaul was captured by the German SS in
Czechoslovakia (Present Day Slovakia) and was taken to the Mauthausen Concentration Camp in Austria

James was tortured and then "Executed While A POW" by the German SS. His remains were cremated. He was awarded the "Distinguished Service Cross", Prisoner Of War Medal, and the Purple Heart.

Distinguished Service Cross
Awarded for Actions During World War II
Service: Navy
Division: Office of Strategic Services
General Orders:
Headquarters, U.S. Army-Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 293 (1945)
Citation: The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to Lieutenant James Harvey Gaul (NSN: 0-105695), United States Naval Reserve, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving with Company B, 2677th Regiment, Office of Strategic Services, in action against enemy forces from 17 September 1944 to 26 December 1944. With full knowledge of the extreme hazards involved, Lieutenant Gaul volunteered for an intelligence mission into the heart of enemy-occupied
Czechoslovakia. As second in command of the mission, he played a leading role in the securing the military information of great value to the Allied cause, and assisted in the rescue and evacuation of a large number of downed Allied airmen. Until deterioration of the fighting front in Czechoslovakia rendered further operations impracticable, the team of which Lieutenant Gaul was a member operated successfully for many weeks behind enemy lines under conditions of utmost peril and hardship, transmitting a constant flow intelligence to Allied authorities. During the absence of the team's commanding officer on an urgent mission to attempt renewal of radio contact with the operations base, Lieutenant Gaul assumed leadership of the group. By his courage, decisiveness, and driving energy, he maintained the spirit and strength of the group despite the extreme sufferings from exposure and privations it was then undergoing. In order to obtain medical aid and a safe place of refuge for the seriously ill members of the group, he undertook numerous dangerous reconnaissances, being forced on several occasions to flee under enemy fire. Lieutenant Gaul's heroic and selfless performance of duty, until his capture and subsequent execution by the enemy, is in keeping with the highest traditions of the Armed Services.
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