Kozerski, Joe, MA1

Master-At-Arms
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Current Service Status
USN Veteran
Current/Last Rank
Petty Officer First Class
Current/Last Primary Designator/NEC
MA-0000-Master-At-Arms
Current/Last Rating/NEC Group
Master-At-Arms
Primary Unit
1983-1985, MA-0000, NSGA Hanza, Okinawa
Previously Held Designator/NEC
BM-0000-Boatswain's Mate
Service Years
1963 - 1985
Official/Unofficial US Navy Certificates
Gulf of Tonkin Yacht Club
Military Customs Inspector
MA-Master-At-Arms
Four Hash Marks

 Official Badges 

U.S. Navy Police (enlisted) U.S. Navy Master-at-Arms Assault Boat Coxswain US Navy Retired 20




 Unofficial Badges 

Order of the Shellback US Navy Honorable Discharge Gulf of Tonkin Yacht Club




 Additional Information
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Vietnam War
Start Year
1960
End Year
1973

Description
Overview of the Vietnam War 


Vietnam was the longest war in American history and the most unpopular American war of the 20th century. It resulted in nearly 60,000 American deaths and in an estimated 2 million Vietnamese deaths. Even today, many Americans still ask whether the American effort in Vietnam was a sin, a blunder, a necessary war, or whether it was a noble cause, or an idealistic, if failed, effort to protect the South Vietnamese from totalitarian government.

Summary:

Between 1945 and 1954, the Vietnamese waged an anti-colonial war against France, which received $2.6 billion in financial support from the United States. The French defeat at the Dien Bien Phu was followed by a peace conference in Geneva. As a result of the conference, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam received their independence, and Vietnam was temporarily divided between an anti-Communist South and a Communist North. In 1956, South Vietnam, with American backing, refused to hold unification elections. By 1958, Communist-led guerrillas, known as the Viet Cong, had begun to battle the South Vietnamese government.

To support the South's government, the United States sent in 2,000 military advisors--a number that grew to 16,300 in 1963. The military condition deteriorated, and by 1963, South Vietnam had lost the fertile Mekong Delta to the Viet Cong. In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson escalated the war, commencing air strikes on North Vietnam and committing ground forces--which numbered 536,000 in 1968. The 1968 Tet Offensive by the North Vietnamese turned many Americans against the war.

The next president, Richard Nixon, advocated Vietnamization, withdrawing American troops and giving South Vietnam greater responsibility for fighting the war. In 1970, Nixon attempted to slow the flow of North Vietnamese soldiers and supplies into South Vietnam by sending American forces to destroy Communist supply bases in Cambodia. This act violated Cambodian neutrality and provoked antiwar protests on the nation's college campuses.

From 1968 to 1973, efforts were made to end the conflict through diplomacy. In January 1973, an agreement was reached; U.S. forces were withdrawn from Vietnam, and U.S. prisoners of war were released. In April 1975, South Vietnam surrendered to the North, and Vietnam was reunited.

Consequences

1. The Vietnam War cost the United States 58,000 lives and 350,000 casualties. It also resulted in between one and two million Vietnamese deaths.

2. Congress enacted the War Powers Act in 1973, requiring the president to receive explicit Congressional approval before committing American forces overseas.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1971
To Year
1973
 
Last Updated:
Sep 22, 2017
   
Personal Memories

People You Remember
USS Whitfield County LST 1169


Memories
In April of 1968, I checkout out of my duty station in DaNang and proceeded to my new duty assignment- The USS Whitfield County LST 1169 which was home ported out of Yokosuka, Japan.

I was real glad be out out Nam, and had 3o days leave to spend with my wife in Yokosuka "We were just married when I received orders to Nam" When dropping off my bags, the ship canceled my leave, and Guess What?

Whitfield County departed Yokosuka in mid-April and arrived at Dong Tam on 8 May 69. She relieved her sister ship Windham County as support LST for River Assault Flotilla 1, TF 117. As before, the ship operated alternately at Dong Tam, Song Ham Loung (Ben Tre), and My Tho. At 0205 on 6 June, while the ship was at Dong Tam, four rounds of hostile fire landed between 50 and 300 yards from the ships of the MRF. Whitfield County immediately set general quarters; and, in the next 35 minutes, her guns hurled some 140 rounds of 3-inch counter battery fire at the enemy artillery. The riverine force again came under enemy fire that morning, Whitfield County again blasted the enemy positions with 170 more rounds of 3-inch projectiles.

Whitfield County subsequently shifted to Ben Tre but returned to Dong Tam by 13 June. While the ship lay anchored there, Storekeeper 3d Class L. E. Smith, assigned as roving sentry on the port side of the ship, spotted a swimmer in the water at 0100 on the 15th. Since Viet Cong sappers were known to have been active in that area, Storekeeper Smith promptly opened fire. Within a short time, the water around the ship was thoroughly grenaded. Later that morning, a Vietnamese body that had been shot was found floating nearby. For his prompt action, Storekeeper Smith received the recommendation for the Navy Commendation Medal for "effectively thwarting an attempt to mine the ship."

Three days later, rocket fire landed within 50 yards of the ship, at 1405 on 18 June. Unable to return the fire because of the presence of "friendly" forces in the area, Whitfield County shifted her anchorage to avoid being hit. Later that afternoon the riverine force shifted its anchorage back to My Tho.

The LST was relieved by Tom Green County on Independence Day, 4 July. Between 8 May and 4 July, Whitfield County had expended some 2,982 rounds of 3-inch projectiles on call-fire and counter battery fire, conducted some 850 helicopter landings; and traveled 394 miles within the Mekong Delta. She had also witnessed the gradual turnover of all River Assault Flotilla 1 assets to the Republic of Vietnam Navy, the beginning of the redeployment of the 9th Infantry Division from the Mekong Delta; and the gradual disbanding of TF 117. When she sailed on 5 July, she left the Delta region for the last time.

Returning to Yokosuka via Keelung, Taiwan, Whitfield County soon commenced a badly needed overhaul, one that lasted into the autumn. For the remainder of the year, the tank landing ship operated locally in Japanese waters.

   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  2061 Also There at This Battle:
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  • Abler, Ron, CDR, (1967-1987)
  • Acuzar, Jose, CPO, (1969-1992)
  • Addison, Everette, PO1, (1963-1972)
  • Adkins, Edsel, PO2, (1970-1977)
  • ADKINS, EVANS, MCPO, (1969-2012)
  • Afflerbach, Ronald, SCPO, (1960-1989)
  • Akin, James, PO1, (1964-1975)
  • Alberts, Dennis, PO3, (1967-1971)
  • Albrecht, Charles, CPO, (1965-1989)
  • Alcorn, Wendell R, CAPT, (1961-1992)
  • ALEXANDER, FRANK, PO1, (1967-1973)
  • Allen, Duke, LCDR, (1958-1983)
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  • Allsopp, Ralph, CDR, (1970-1994)
  • Amborn, Lloyd, CAPT, (1965-1995)
  • Anderson, Dale, PO2, (1965-1971)
  • Anderson, James, CPO, (1965-2001)
  • Anderson, James, MCPO, (1963-1993)
  • Anderson, Jr., George D., CPO, (1953-1973)
  • Anderson, Stephen, SCPO, (1962-1991)
  • Antonen, James, PO2, (1967-1976)
  • Arenas, Luis, CPO, (1956-1978)
  • Armstrong, Joe, PO2, (1957-1987)
  • Armstrong, Rodger, CWO4, (1956-1979)
  • Arrans, Guy, PO3, (1965-1968)
  • Arsenault, Rick, PO2, (1965-1969)
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  • Barbeau, Thomas, PO3, (1961-1965)
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  • Barnard, Richard, PO3, (1959-1963)
  • Barney, Dave, SCPO, (1962-1985)
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  • Batzler, John, RADM, (1955-1987)
  • Baumbach, David, SCPO, (1968-1990)
  • Baviello, Paul, PO2, (1966-1972)
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