Browning, James Auswell, EM1c

Fallen
 
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Last Rank
Petty Officer First Class
Last Primary NEC
EM-0000-Electrician's Mate
Last Rating/NEC Group
Electrician's Mate
Primary Unit
1944-1945, EM-0000, USS Bonefish (SS-223)
Service Years
1941 - 1945
EM-Electrician's Mate

 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Texas
Texas
Year of Birth
1922
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Sheila Rae Myers, HM3 to remember Browning, James Auswell, EM1c.

If you knew or served with this Sailor and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Casualty Info
Home Town
Sulphur Springs, TX
Last Address
Friday, TX

Casualty Date
Jun 18, 1945
 
Cause
Hostile-Body Not Recovered
Reason
Other Explosive Device
Location
Sea of Japan
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
Courts of the Missing at the Honolulu Memorial - Honolulu, Hawaii
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Court 5 (cenotaph)

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 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

USS Bonefish (SS-223) was on a war patrol in the Sea of Japan with two other submarines. Her last communication was during a rendezvous on June 18th. Captured Japanese records indicate that a Japanese vessel was sunk on June 19th and that during an intense counterattack a submarine was sunk with all hands. It is presumed that this was the Bonefish. Electricians Mate First Class Browning was officially declared dead 15 July 1946.
   
Comments/Citation

Service number: 3604883

Submarine war patrols:
USS Triton (SS-201) - 2nd
USS Grayling (SS-209) - 2nd through 5th; 7th
USS Tuna (SS-203) - 8th
USS Bluefish (SS-222) - 1st and 2nd
USS Rasher (SS-269) - 2nd and 3rd
USS Puffer (SS-268) - 5th
USS Bonefish (SS-223) - 6th through 8th

Navy Unit Commendation
For outstanding heroism in action during the First, Third, Fourth, Fifth and Sixth War Patrols in enemy Japanese-controlled areas of the Pacific. Harassed continually and several times bombed by watchful and aggressive enemy aircraft, the USS Bonefish boldly penetrated the most forward combat areas to effect wide coverage of her assigned sectors and strike fiercely at important Japanese surface targets. Consistently ready for combat under the superb handling of her gallant officers and men, she defied heavy escort screens; she developed her contacts with determined aggressiveness and launched gunfire and torpedo attacks despite the severest hostile countermeasures to sink or damage many ships vital to the enemy's continued persecution of the war. In addition to her valiant combat achievements, the Bonefish rendered splendid lifeguard services during air strikes against hostile territory, effecting the rescue of two friendly pilots. Her outstanding record of success under the hazards and difficulties of prolonged patrols reflects the highest credit upon the Bonefish, her courageous, fighting ship's company and the United States Naval Service.

THe information contained in this profile was compiled from various internet sources.
   
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Central Pacific Campaign (1941-43)/Battle of Midway
Start Year
1942
End Year
1942

Description
The Battle of Midway in the Pacific Theater of Operations was one of the most important naval battles of World War II. Between 4 and 7 June 1942, only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea, the United States Navy (USN), under Admirals Chester W. Nimitz, Frank Jack Fletcher, and Raymond A. Spruance decisively defeated an attack by the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), under Admirals Isoroku Yamamoto, Chuichi Nagumo, and Nobutake Kondo on Midway Atoll, inflicting irreparable damage on the Japanese fleet. Military historian John Keegan called it "the most stunning and decisive blow in the history of naval warfare." It was Japan's first naval defeat since the Battle of Shimonoseki Straits in 1863.

The Japanese operation, like the earlier attack on Pearl Harbor, sought to eliminate the United States as a strategic power in the Pacific, thereby giving Japan a free hand in establishing its Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. The Japanese hoped that another demoralizing defeat would force the U.S. to capitulate in the Pacific War and thus ensure Japanese dominance in the Pacific.

The Japanese plan was to lure the United States' aircraft carriers into a trap. The Japanese also intended to occupy Midway as part of an overall plan to extend their defensive perimeter in response to the Doolittle air raid on Tokyo. This operation was also considered preparatory for further attacks against Fiji, Samoa, and Hawaii itself.

The plan was handicapped by faulty Japanese assumptions of the American reaction and poor initial dispositions.Most significantly, American codebreakers were able to determine the date and location of the attack, enabling the forewarned U.S. Navy to set up an ambush of its own. Four Japanese aircraft carriers—Akagi, Kaga, Soryu and Hiryu, all part of the six-carrier force that had attacked Pearl Harbor six months earlier—and a heavy cruiser were sunk at a cost of one American aircraft carrier and a destroyer. After Midway and the exhausting attrition of the Solomon Islands campaign, Japan's shipbuilding and pilot training programs were unable to keep pace in replacing their losses, while the U.S. steadily increased its output in both areas.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1942
To Year
1942
 
Last Updated:
Oct 21, 2018
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  310 Also There at This Battle:
  • Besson, John Henry, RADM, (1931-1959)
  • Betty, Charles, PO2, (1941-1945)
  • Delchamps, Newton, MCPO, (1941-1965)
  • Earnest, Albert, CAPT, (1941-1972)
  • Feeney, John Martin, RDML, (1942-1962)
  • Ferrier, Harry, CDR, (1941-1970)
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