Amussen, John Russell, LTJG

Deceased
 
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Last Rank
Lieutenant Junior Grade
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1943-1945, 131X, VB-14
Service Years
1942 - 1945
Lieutenant Junior Grade
Lieutenant Junior Grade

 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Maryland
Maryland
Year of Birth
1921
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Nicole Summers, MMFN to remember Amussen, John Russell, LTJG.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Chevy Chase, MD
Last Address
Chevy Chase, MD

Date of Passing
May 19, 1945
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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Mariana and Palau Islands Campaign (1944)/Battle of Tinian
Start Year
1944
End Year
1944

Description
The Battle of Tinian was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Tinian in the Mariana Islands from 24 July until 1 August 1944. The 9,000-man Japanese garrison was eliminated, and the island joined Saipan and Guam as a base for the Twentieth Air Force.
The 4th Marine Division landed on 24 July 1944, supported by naval bombardment and marine artillery firing across the strait from Saipan. With the help of Seabee ingenuity the Marines were able to land where the Japanese did not expect, along the Northwest coast with its water's edge small coral cliffs. A successful feint for the major settlement of Tinian Town diverted defenders from the actual landing site on the north of the island. They withstood a series of night counterattacks supported by tanks, and the 2nd Marine Division landed the next day.
The weather worsened on 28 July, damaging the pontoon causeways, and interrupting the unloading of supplies. By 29 July, the Americans had captured half the island, and on 30 July the 4th Marine Division occupied Tinian Town and Airfield No. 4.
Japanese remnants made a final stand in the caves and ravines of a limestone ridge on the south portion of the island, making probes and counterattacks into the Marine line. Resistance continued through 3 August, with some civilians murdered by the Japanese.

Aftermath
By 10 August 1944, 13,000 Japanese civilians were interned, but up to 4,000 were dead through suicide, murdered by Japanese troops or killed in combat. The garrison on Aguijan Island off the southwest cape of Tinian, commanded by Lieutenant Kinichi Yamada, held out until the end of the war, surrendering on 4 September 1945. The last holdout on Tinian, Murata Susumu, was captured in 1953.
After the battle, Tinian became an important base for further Allied operations in the Pacific campaign. Camps were built for 50,000 troops. Fifteen thousand Seabees turned the island into the busiest airfield of the war, with six 7,900-foot (2,400 m) runways for attacks by United States Army Air Forces B-29 Superfortress bombers on enemy targets in the Philippines, the Ryukyu Islands, and mainland Japan, including the March 9/10 1945 Operation Meetinghouse firebombing of Tokyo and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. North Field was built over Airfields No. 1 and 3, and became operational in February 1945, while West Field was built over Airfield No. 2, and became operational in March 1945.

 
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1944
To Year
1944
 
Last Updated:
Oct 14, 2018
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  89 Also There at This Battle:
 
  • Adling, Richard
  • Besson, John Henry, RADM, (1931-1959)
  • Brewster, Donald, PO3, (1943-1946)
  • Brownlow, JD, PO2, (1943-1946)
  • Crawforth, Evan, PO2, (1942-1945)
  • Crookshank, Irvin, PO2, (1942-1946)
  • Dikel, Samuel, PO2, (1942-1946)
  • Garrett, Earl, PO2, (1941-1953)
  • Habick, Henry
  • Kundrot, Vity
  • Lucas, Charles S., PO3, (1943-1946)
  • Meek, James Ross, PO2, (1943-1947)
  • Newport, William, PO2, (1942-1946)
  • Nichols, Monte, CPO, (1941-1947)
  • Rogers, George
  • Smith, Benjamin James, PO1, (1939-1945)
  • Wallis, Clyde, CPO, (1943-1965)
  • Willey, Ed, PO1, (1942-1945)
  • Williams, William, PO2, (1942-1946)
  • Zimmermann, Robert, LT
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