Wyman, Eldon Paul, ENS

Fallen
 
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Last Rank
Ensign
Last Primary NEC
000X-Unknown Navy Officer Classification/ Designator
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1941-1941, 000X, USS Oklahoma (BB-37)
Service Years
1940 - 1941
Ensign
Ensign

 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Oregon
Oregon
Year of Birth
1917
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Robert Keniston (Bob), OS2 to remember Wyman, Eldon Paul, ENS.

If you knew or served with this Sailor and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Casualty Info
Home Town
Portland, OR
Last Address
Portlland, OR

Casualty Date
Dec 07, 1941
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Other Explosive Device
Location
Hawaii
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
Wilhelm's Memorial Mausoleum - Portland, Oregon
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

Eldon Wyman was born on January 11, 1917, in Portland, Oregon, and attended the University of Oregon from 1936 to 1940.  On August 22, 1940, he enlisted in the Naval Reserve as an Apprentice Seaman.  Following training on the USS Tuscaloosa (CA-37) he was appointed as Midshipman on March 17, 1941, and after attending Midshipman's School at Northwestern University he was commissioned an Ensign on June 12, 1941.  On July 19, 1941, he reported aboard USS Oklahoma (BB-37) and was assigned duty as junior watch officer of the ship's fire control division.
 
Six decades after he died in the attack on Pearl Harbor, Wyman was interred with full military honors at Wilhelm's Portland Memorial Sunset Chapel. Nearly 50 people attended the service and more than 100, including Pearl Harbor survivors, Patriot Guard and family from Puget Sound. Wyman had been buried in an unknown's grave at Punchbowl National Cemetery in Hawaii until he was identified in August 2008 through his sister's DNA. He was the son of Lilly P and Paul H Wyman.
   
Comments/Citation

Service number: 102130

Namesake of the USS Wyman (DE-38).
   
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World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Attack on Pearl Harbor
Start Year
1941
End Year
1941

Description
The attack on Pearl Harbor, also known as the Battle of Pearl Harbor, the Hawaii Operation or Operation AI by the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters,  and Operation Z during planning, was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941. The attack led to the United States' entry into World War II.

Japan intended the attack as a preventive action to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Empire of Japan planned in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States. Over the next seven hours there were coordinated Japanese attacks on the U.S.-held Philippines, Guam and Wake Island and on the British Empire in Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong.

The attack commenced at 7:48 a.m. Hawaiian Time. The base was attacked by 353 Imperial Japanese fighter planes, bombers, and torpedo planes in two waves, launched from six aircraft carriers. All eight U.S. Navy battleships were damaged, with four sunk. All but Arizona were later raised, and six were returned to service and went on to fight in the war. The Japanese also sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, an anti-aircraft training ship, and one minelayer. 188 U.S. aircraft were destroyed; 2,403 Americans were killed and 1,178 others were wounded. Important base installations such as the power station, shipyard, maintenance, and fuel and torpedo storage facilities, as well as the submarine piers and headquarters building (also home of the intelligence section) were not attacked. Japanese losses were light: 29 aircraft and five midget submarines lost, and 64 servicemen killed. One Japanese sailor, Kazuo Sakamaki, was captured.

The attack came as a profound shock to the American people and led directly to the American entry into World War II in both the Pacific and European theaters. The following day, December 8, the United States declared war on Japan. Domestic support for non-interventionism, which had been fading since the Fall of France in 1940,[19] disappeared. Clandestine support of the United Kingdom (e.g., the Neutrality Patrol) was replaced by active alliance. Subsequent operations by the U.S. prompted Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy to declare war on the U.S. on December 11, which was reciprocated by the U.S. the same day.

From the 1950s, several writers alleged that parties high in the U.S. and British governments knew of the attack in advance and may have let it happen (or even encouraged it) with the aim of bringing the U.S. into war. However, this advance-knowledge conspiracy theory is rejected by mainstream historians.

There were numerous historical precedents for unannounced military action by Japan. However, the lack of any formal warning, particularly while negotiations were still apparently ongoing, led President Franklin D. Roosevelt to proclaim December 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy". Because the attack happened without a declaration of war and without explicit warning, the attack on Pearl Harbor was judged by the Tokyo Trials to be a war crime.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1941
To Year
1941
 
Last Updated:
Jul 2, 2018
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  2020 Also There at This Battle:
  • Atkins, Edward F., S2c, (1936-1946)
  • Atkins, Maurice Lee, S2c, (1936-1946)
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