Grooms, Bert Joe, PhM1c

Fallen
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Petty Officer First Class
Last Primary NEC
PhM-0000-Pharmacist Mate
Last Rating/NEC Group
Pharmacist's Mate
Primary Unit
1942-1943, PhM-0000, USS Triton (SS-201)
Service Years
1938 - 1943
PhM-Pharmacist's Mate
One Hash Mark

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

18 kb

Home State
Alabama
Alabama
Year of Birth
1919
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Sheila Rae Myers, HM3 to remember Grooms, Bert Joe, PhM1c.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Clanton, AL
Last Address
3000-B Patterson Ave
Richmond, VA

Casualty Date
Mar 15, 1943
 
Cause
Hostile-Body Not Recovered
Reason
Other Explosive Device
Location
Pacific Ocean
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
Manila American Cemetery and Memorial - Manila, Philippines
Wall/Plot Coordinates
(cenotaph)

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 




 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

USS Triton (SS-201) began her final war patrol on 16 February 1943. After a series of Successful attacks early in March, she reported attacking a convoy on 15 March and was being depth charged. This was the last communication from the Triton. Post- war examination of Japanese records indicates that they had sunk a submarine slightly northwest of Triton's reported position. Pharmacist's Mate 1st Class Grooms was listed as Missing in Action and later declared dead 9 April 1944.
   
Comments/Citation

Service number: 2721850

Submarine war patrols:
USS Plunger (SS-179) - 1st
USS Triton (SS-201) - 4th through 6th

The information contained in this profile was compiled from various internet sources.
   
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World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Attack on Pearl Harbor
Start Year
1941
End Year
1941

Description
The attack on Pearl Harbor, also known as the Battle of Pearl Harbor, the Hawaii Operation or Operation AI by the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters,  and Operation Z during planning, was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941. The attack led to the United States' entry into World War II.

Japan intended the attack as a preventive action to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Empire of Japan planned in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States. Over the next seven hours there were coordinated Japanese attacks on the U.S.-held Philippines, Guam and Wake Island and on the British Empire in Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong.

The attack commenced at 7:48 a.m. Hawaiian Time. The base was attacked by 353 Imperial Japanese fighter planes, bombers, and torpedo planes in two waves, launched from six aircraft carriers. All eight U.S. Navy battleships were damaged, with four sunk. All but Arizona were later raised, and six were returned to service and went on to fight in the war. The Japanese also sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, an anti-aircraft training ship, and one minelayer. 188 U.S. aircraft were destroyed; 2,403 Americans were killed and 1,178 others were wounded. Important base installations such as the power station, shipyard, maintenance, and fuel and torpedo storage facilities, as well as the submarine piers and headquarters building (also home of the intelligence section) were not attacked. Japanese losses were light: 29 aircraft and five midget submarines lost, and 64 servicemen killed. One Japanese sailor, Kazuo Sakamaki, was captured.

The attack came as a profound shock to the American people and led directly to the American entry into World War II in both the Pacific and European theaters. The following day, December 8, the United States declared war on Japan. Domestic support for non-interventionism, which had been fading since the Fall of France in 1940,[19] disappeared. Clandestine support of the United Kingdom (e.g., the Neutrality Patrol) was replaced by active alliance. Subsequent operations by the U.S. prompted Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy to declare war on the U.S. on December 11, which was reciprocated by the U.S. the same day.

From the 1950s, several writers alleged that parties high in the U.S. and British governments knew of the attack in advance and may have let it happen (or even encouraged it) with the aim of bringing the U.S. into war. However, this advance-knowledge conspiracy theory is rejected by mainstream historians.

There were numerous historical precedents for unannounced military action by Japan. However, the lack of any formal warning, particularly while negotiations were still apparently ongoing, led President Franklin D. Roosevelt to proclaim December 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy". Because the attack happened without a declaration of war and without explicit warning, the attack on Pearl Harbor was judged by the Tokyo Trials to be a war crime.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1941
To Year
1941
 
Last Updated:
May 16, 2018
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  2014 Also There at This Battle:
  • Atkins, Edward F., S2c, (1936-1946)
  • Atkins, Maurice Lee, S2c, (1936-1946)
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