Pappa, Edward, BT1

Boiler Technician
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 Service Photo   Service Details
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Current Service Status
USN Retired
Current/Last Rank
Petty Officer First Class
Current/Last Primary NEC
BT-9512-3-M System Coordinator
Current/Last Rating/NEC Group
Boiler Technician
Primary Unit
1995-2000, BT-0000, Shore Intermediate Maintenance Facility (SIMA), NRMF Newport
Previously Held NEC
BT-0000-Boiler Technician
BT-4512-Automatic Combustion Control (Hagen) Maintenanceman
BT-4524-Steam Propulsion Advanced Maintenance Technician (Phase I)
BT-9573-SNAP II Ship System Coordinator
Service Years
1980 - 2000
Foreign Language(s)
Official/Unofficial US Navy Certificates
Operation Desert Storm
Great Lakes
Order of the Arctic Circle (Bluenose)
Order of the Shellback
Order of the Emerald Shellback
Order of the Golden Shellback
Order of the Golden Dragon
Order of the Horned Shellback
Panama Canal
Suez Canal
BT-Boiler Technician
Five Hash Marks

 Official Badges 

Recruit Company Commander Master Training Specialist ComSixthFleet Firefighter

US Navy Retired 20 Command Master at Arms

 Unofficial Badges 

Order of the Shellback US Navy Honorable Discharge Order of the Golden Shellback Cold War Medal

Order of the Arctic Circle (Bluenose) Order Of The Lakes Order of the Emerald Shellback Order of the Golden Dragon

Cold War Veteran Cold War Veteran Did the Ditch (Suez Canal) Maritime Warfare Excellence Award

Engineering/Survivability Excellence Award Commander, Naval Surface Forces (CNSF) Ship Safety Award Efficiency Excellence Award

 Countries Deployed To or Visited

Operation Able Manner/Safe Harbor (Haiti)
From Month/Year
May / 1991
To Month/Year
May / 1993


In September 1991, Hatian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a charismatic Roman Catholic priest, was overthrown by dissatisfied elements of the army and forced to leave the country. It is estimated that between 300 and 500 Haitians were killed in the days following the September coup, and 3,000 in the following three years. The coup created a large-scale exodus from the country. The U.S. Coast Guard rescued a total of 41,342 Haitians from 1991 to 1992, more than the number of rescued refugees from the previous 10 years combined. A multiservice response was required when these Haitian immigrants were intercepted by US Coast Guard cutters in the Windward Passage and brought to Cuba.

USMC forces assumed primary responsibility for emergency HA to Haitian refugees at Naval Base Guantanamo. The commanding general, 2d Force Service Support Group (FSSG) BG G.H. Walls, Jr., USMC) was the commander of the Operation Able Manner/Safe Harbor joint task force (CJTF). Initially, the USS Tortuga (LSD 46) provided temporary messing, berthing, and medical support for up to 1,000 immigrants. As the JTF came on line, Army CA units, Navy Seabees, and Army engineer units established five holding camps to process and administer the Haitian immigrants. The 2d FSSG provided the nucleus for the JTF HQ, and the total force exceeded 1,200 personnel (300 Marines, over 700 Army, 150 Air Force, and local personnel from the Navy Base and Marine Barracks).

With interdiction by the US Navy and with Coast Guard assistance, Haitians began to flow into Guantanamo Bay and were housed in a tent city. On 16 December 1991, 300 Marines from the 8th Marine Regiment deployed from Camp LeJeune to Guantanamo to join 400 other military personnel. At peak, the temporary camps at Guantanamo held over 12,500 Haitians. While their legal status was being determined, the JTF continued to provide security, food, medical care, and all aspects of public administration for the camps.

In November 1991, the XVIII Airborne Corps established a humanitarian support center at Guantanamo Naval Base, Cuba. The mission was to receive, transport, detain, control and process Haitian migrants. The Corps quickly began the massive task of building and supporting a humanitarian center for more than 12,000 Haitian migrants. By early December, the Corps had deployed over 2,000 soldiers to the Guantanamo Naval Base. This operation officially ended in June 1993.

My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Month/Year
May / 1991
To Month/Year
December / 1991
Last Updated:
Mar 16, 2020
Personal Memories
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  4 Also There at This Battle:
  • Barnes, John, SN, (1990-1994)
  • Ross, Mark, PO3, (1990-1998)
  • Wilson, Tony, CDR, (1985-2005)
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