Pappa, Edward, BT1

Boiler Technician
 
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 Service Photo   Service Details
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Current Service Status
USN Retired
Current/Last Rank
Petty Officer First Class
Current/Last Primary NEC
BT-9512-3-M System Coordinator
Current/Last Rating/NEC Group
Boiler Technician
Primary Unit
1995-2000, BT-0000, Shore Intermediate Maintenance Facility (SIMA), NRMF Newport
Previously Held NEC
BT-0000-Boiler Technician
BT-4512-Automatic Combustion Control (Hagen) Maintenanceman
BT-9502-Instructor
BT-4524-Steam Propulsion Advanced Maintenance Technician (Phase I)
BT-9573-SNAP II Ship System Coordinator
Service Years
1980 - 2000
Foreign Language(s)
Polish
Serbo-Croatian
Official/Unofficial US Navy Certificates
Operation Desert Storm
Great Lakes
Order of the Arctic Circle (Bluenose)
Order of the Shellback
Order of the Emerald Shellback
Order of the Golden Shellback
Order of the Golden Dragon
Order of the Horned Shellback
Panama Canal
Suez Canal
BT-Boiler Technician
Five Hash Marks

 Official Badges 

ComSixthFleet Master Training Specialist Firefighter US Navy Retired 20

Command Master at Arms Recruit Company Commander


 Unofficial Badges 

Order of the Shellback US Navy Honorable Discharge Order of the Golden Shellback Cold War Medal

Order of the Arctic Circle (Bluenose) Order Of The Lakes Order of the Emerald Shellback Order of the Golden Dragon

Cold War Veteran Cold War Veteran Did the Ditch (Suez Canal) Maritime Warfare Excellence Award

Engineering/Survivability Excellence Award Commander, Naval Surface Forces (CNSF) Ship Safety Award Efficiency Excellence Award

 Countries Deployed To or Visited


Gulf War/Defense of Saudi Arabia Campaign/Operation Desert Shield
Start Year
1990
End Year
1991

Description

In 1990, fellow Arab Gulf states refused to endorse Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein's plan to cut production and raise the price of oil, leaving him frustrated and paranoid. Iraq had incurred a mountain of debt during its war with Iran that had lasted for most of the previous decade, and the Iraqi President felt that his Arab brothers were conspiring against him by refusing to raise oil prices. Therefore, after weeks of massing troops along the Iraq-Kuwait border and accusing Kuwait of various crimes, Hussein sent seven divisions of the Iraqi Army into Kuwait in the early morning hours of 2 August 1990. The invasion force of 120,000 troops and 2,000 tanks quickly overwhelmed Iraq's neighbor to the south, allowing Hussein to declare, in less than a week, that Kuwait was his nation's nineteenth province. The United Nations responded quickly, passing a series of resolutions that condemned the invasion, called for an immediate withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait, imposed a financial and trade embargo on Iraq, and declared the annexation void.

Regarding Iraq's actions as a threat to a vital interest of the US, namely the oil production capability of the Persian Gulf region, President George Bush ordered warplanes and ground forces to Saudi Arabia after obtaining King Fahd's approval. Iraqi troops had begun to mass along the Saudi border, breaching it at some points, and indicating the possibility that Hussein's forces would continue south into Saudi Arabia's oil fields. Operation DESERT SHIELD, the US military deployment to first defend Saudi Arabia grew rapidly to become the largest American deployment since the Southeast Asia Conflict. The Gulf region was within US Central Command's (CENTCOM) area of responsibility. Eventually, 30 nations joined the military coalition arrayed against Iraq, with a further 18 countries supplying economic, humanitarian, or other type of assistance.

Carriers in the Gulf of Oman and the Red Sea responded, US Air Force interceptors deployed from bases in the United States, and airlift transports carried US Army airborne troopers to Saudi Arabia. Navy prepositioning ships rushed equipment and supplies for an entire marine brigade from Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean to the gulf. During the next six months the United States and its allies built up a powerful force in the Arabian peninsula. The navy also began maritime intercept operations in support of a US-led blockade and United Nations sanctions against Iraq.

Coalition forces, specifically XVIII Airborne Corps and VII Corps, used deception cells to create the impression that they were going to attack near the Kuwaiti boot heel, as opposed to the "left hook" strategy actually implemented. XVIII Airborne Corps set up "Forward Operating Base Weasel" near the boot heel, consisting of a phony network of camps manned by several dozen soldiers. Using portable radio equipment, cued by computers, phony radio messages were passed between fictitious headquarters. In addition, smoke generators and loudspeakers playing tape-recorded tank and truck noises were used, as were inflatable Humvees and helicopters.

On 17 January 1991, when it became clear that Saddam would not withdraw, Desert Shield became Desert Storm. 

   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1990
To Year
1990
 
Last Updated:
Nov 9, 2017
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

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