Anderson, Arthur J, EM2c

Fallen
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Petty Officer Second Class
Last Primary NEC
EM-0000-Electrician's Mate
Last Rating/NEC Group
Electrician's Mate
Primary Unit
1943-1943, EM-0000, USS Savannah (CL-42)
Service Years
1942 - 1943
EM-Electrician's Mate

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

12 kb

Home State
New Jersey
New Jersey
Year of Birth
1921
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Helen (Anderson) Glass, AMM3c to remember Anderson, Arthur J, EM2c.

If you knew or served with this Sailor and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Casualty Info
Home Town
Verona, NJ
Last Address
921 Hunting Lodge
Miami Springs, FL

Casualty Date
Sep 11, 1943
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Multiple Fragmentation Wounds
Location
Mediterranean Sea
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
Boynton Beach Memorial Park - Boynton, Florida
Wall/Plot Coordinates
(memorial marker)

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 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

My brother  EM  (Electricians Mate) 1/C Arthur J. Anderson was KIA 9/11/1943 on the USS Savannah at Salerno, Italy and was buried off the coast of Malta.
   
Comments/Citation

We received the telegram from the War Dept of his death on his 22nd birthday while I was home on leave. But he was KIA 9/11/43.
   
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Naples-Foggia Campaign (1943-44)/Operation Avalanche
Start Year
1943
End Year
1943

Description
Operation Avalanche was the codename for the Allied landings near the port of Salerno, executed on 9 September 1943, part of the Allied invasion of Italy. The Italians withdrew from the war the day before the invasion, but the Allies landed in an area defended by German troops. Planned under the name Top Hat, it was supported by the deception plan Operation Boardman.

The landings were carried out by the US Fifth Army, under American General Mark W. Clark. It comprised the U.S. VI Corps, the British X Corps and the US 82nd Airborne Division, a total of about nine divisions. Its primary objectives were to seize the port of Naples to ensure resupply, and to cut across to the east coast, trapping the Axis troops further south.

In order to draw troops away from the landing ground, Operation Baytown was mounted. This was a landing by the British Eighth Army in Calabria in the 'toe' of Italy, on 3 September. Simultaneous sea landings were made by the British 1st Airborne Division at the port of Taranto (Operation Slapstick). British General Bernard Montgomery had predicted Baytown would be a waste of effort because it assumed the Germans would give battle in Calabria; if they failed to do so, the diversion would not work. He was proved correct. After Baytown the Eighth Army marched 300 miles (480 km) north to the Salerno area against no opposition other than engineer obstacles.

The Salerno landings were carried out without previous naval or aerial bombardment in order to achieve surprise. Surprise was not achieved. As the first wave approached the shore at Paestum a loudspeaker from the landing area proclaimed in English, "Come on in and give up. We have you covered." The troops attacked nonetheless.

The Germans had established artillery and machine-gun posts and scattered tanks through the landing zones which made progress difficult, but the beach areas were captured. Around 07:00 a concerted counterattack was made by the 16th Panzer Division. It caused heavy casualties, but was beaten off. Both the British and the Americans made slow progress, and still had a 10 miles (16 km) gap between them at the end of day one. They linked up by the end of day two and occupied 35–45 miles (56–72 km) of coastline to a depth of 6–7 miles (9.7–11.3 km).

Over 12–14 September the Germans organized a concerted counterattack by six divisions of motorized troops, hoping to throw the Salerno beachhead into the sea before it could link with the British Eighth Army. Heavy casualties were inflicted, as the Allied troops were too thinly spread to be able to resist concentrated attacks. The outermost troops were therefore withdrawn in order to reduce the perimeter. The new perimeter was held with the assistance of naval and aerial support, although the German attacks reached almost to the beaches in places. Allied pilots slept under the wings of their fighters in order to beat a hasty retreat to Sicily in the event German forces broke the beachhead.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1943
To Year
1943
 
Last Updated:
Jun 11, 2017
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  74 Also There at This Battle:
 
  • CORY, AL, MCPO, (1940-1970)
  • Deese, Paul, PO2, (1942-1946)
  • Handy, Stephanie
  • Johnson, Glenn, PO1, (1942-1945)
  • Weisensee, Leonard, PO1, (1942-1968)
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