Richards, E. Mack, PNCS

Personnelman
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Current Service Status
USN Retired
Current/Last Rank
Senior Chief Petty Officer
Current/Last Primary Designator/NEC
9513-Senior Manpower Analyst
Current/Last Rating/NEC Group
Personnelman
Primary Unit
1968-1971, PN-0000, VA-55
Previously Held Designator/NEC
00-0000-Unknown NEC Rating
PN-0000-Personnelman
Service Years
1968 - 1988
Foreign Language(s)
Japanese
Official/Unofficial US Navy Certificates
Gulf of Tonkin Yacht Club
Order of the Shellback
Order of the Golden Dragon
Tailhook
PN-Personnelman
Four Hash Marks

 Official Badges 

Career Counselor US Navy Retired 20


 Unofficial Badges 

Sea Bees Badge Order of the Shellback Cold War Medal Navy Chief Initiated

Gulf of Tonkin Yacht Club Order of the Golden Dragon Cold War Veteran Global War on Terrorism Civilian Support Medal

Vietnam Veteran 50th Commemoration


 Photo Album   (More...



Yankee Station, North Vietnam
Start Year
1964
End Year
1973

Description
Yankee Station was a point in the Gulf of Tonkin off the coast of Vietnam used by the U.S. Navy aircraft carriers of Task Force 77 to launch strikes in the Vietnam War. While its official designation was "Point Yankee," it was universally referred to as Yankee Station. Carriers conducting air operations at Yankee Station were said to be "on the line" and statistical summaries were based on days on the line.
The name derived from it being the geographic reference point "Y", pronounced "Yankee" in the NATO phonetic alphabet. In turn the term Point Yankee derived from the launch point for "Yankee Team" aerial reconnaissance missions over Laos conducted in 1964. It was located about 190 km due east of Dong Hoi, at 17° 30' N and 108° 30' E.

During the two periods of sustained air operations against North Vietnam (March 2, 1965-October 31, 1968 and March 30, 1972-December 29, 1972) there were normally three carriers on the line, each conducting air operations for twelve hours, then off for twelve hours. One of the carriers would operate from noon to midnight, another from midnight to noon, and one during daylight hours, which gave 24-hour coverage plus additional effort during daylight hours, when sorties were most effective. However at the end of May, 1972, six carriers were for a short period of time on the line at Yankee Station conducting Linebacker strikes.

The first aircraft carrier at Yankee Station was USS Kitty Hawk, which was ordered there in April 1964 for the Yankee Team missions. Kitty Hawk was joined by Ticonderoga in May and Constellation in June, two months prior to the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. Ticonderoga and Constellation launched the first bombing missions from Yankee Station on August 5, 1964. Constellation was also the last carrier conducting operations at Yankee Station on August 15, 1973. USS Forrestal suffered a major accident while at Yankee Station when a series of fires and explosions on her deck killed 134 men and injured another 161.

A corresponding Dixie Station in the South China Sea off the Mekong Delta was a single carrier point for conducting strikes within South Vietnam from May 15, 1965 to August 3, 1966.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1973
To Year
1973
 
Last Updated:
Sep 22, 2017
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

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