Mertz, John, EM2

Deceased
 
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 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Petty Officer Second Class
Last Primary NEC
EM-0000-Electrician's Mate
Last Rating/NEC Group
Electrician's Mate
Primary Unit
1947-1952, EM-0000, USS Gen William Mitchell (AP-114)
Service Years
1945 - 1952
Official/Unofficial US Navy Certificates
Cold War
Decommissioning
Order of the Ditch
Order of the Rock
Order of the Magellan
Order of the Spanish Main
Order of the Golden Dragon
Panama Canal
Plank Owner
Safari To Suez
Suez Canal
EM-Electrician's Mate
One Hash Mark

 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Iowa
Iowa
Year of Birth
1927
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by John Mertz-Family to remember Mertz, John, PO2.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Ft. Dodge
Last Address
Not Specified

Date of Passing
Jul 03, 2015
 
Location of Interment
Fort Snelling National Cemetery - Minneapolis, Minnesota
Wall/Plot Coordinates
SECTION 14 SITE 420

 Official Badges 

WW II Honorable Discharge Pin


 Unofficial Badges 

Order of the Shellback US Navy Honorable Discharge US Naval Reserve Honorable Discharge Cold War Medal

Cold War Veteran Cold War Veteran Korean War Veterans Ambassador of Peace Medal


 Military Association Memberships
Post 4046, Shakopee Post
  1952, Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States (VFW), Post 4046, Shakopee Post (Shakopee, Minnesota) - Chap. Page


 Countries Deployed To or Visited
 Photo Album   (More...



World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Borneo Operations
From Month/Year
April / 1945
To Month/Year
July / 1945

Description
The Borneo Campaign of 1945 was the last major Allied campaign in the South West Pacific Area during World War II. In a series of amphibious assaults between 1 May and 21 July, the Australian I Corps, under Lieutenant General Leslie Morshead, attacked Japanese forces occupying the island. Allied naval and air forces, centred on the U.S. 7th Fleet under Admiral Thomas Kinkaid, the Australian First Tactical Air Force and the U.S. Thirteenth Air Force also played important roles in the campaign. They were resisted by Imperial Japanese Navy and Army forces in southern and eastern Borneo, under Vice-Admiral Michiaki Kamada, and in the north west by the Thirty-Seventh Army, led by Lieutenant-General Baba Masao.

The plans for the Allied attacks were known collectively as Operation Oboe. The invasion of Borneo was the second stage of Operation Montclair, which was aimed at destroying Japanese forces in, and re-occupying the Netherlands East Indies, the southern Philippines, Sarawak and British Borneo. Borneo in particular was considered at the time a strategic location for its natural resources, oil.

The Borneo campaign was criticized in Australia at the time and in subsequent years, as pointless or a "waste" of the lives of soldiers. Modern historians such as Max Hastings have said that attacking these forces, already cut off from Japan, was a waste of resources.

"Any rational strategic judgment would have left them to their own devices screened by token allied forces until their nation's defeat enforced their surrender."

It has been argued that the campaign did, however, achieve a number of objectives, such as increasing the isolation of significant Japanese forces occupying the main part of the Dutch East Indies, capturing major oil supplies, and freeing Allied prisoners of war, who were being held in increasingly worse conditions (see, for example, the Sandakan Death Marches and Batu Lintang camp articles).

The initial Allied plan comprised six stages: Operation Oboe 1 was to be an attack on Tarakan; Oboe 2 against Balikpapan; Oboe 3 against Banjermasin; Oboe 4 against Surabaya or Batavia (Jakarta); Oboe 5 against the eastern Netherlands East Indies; and Oboe 6 against British Borneo (Sabah). In the end only the operations against Tarakan, Balikpapan and British Borneo‚??at Labuan and Brunei Bay‚??took place.[3] The campaign opened with Oboe 1, with a landing on the small island of Tarakan, off the north east coast on 1 May 1945. This was followed on 10 June 1945 by Oboe 6: simultaneous assaults on the island of Labuan and the coast of Brunei, in the north west of Borneo. A week later, the Australians followed up with attacks on Japanese positions around Weston on the north-eastern part of Brunei Bay. The attention of the Allies then switched back to the central east coast, with Oboe 2, the last major amphibious assault of World War II, at Balikpapan on 1 July 1945. These operations ultimately constituted the last campaigns of Australian forces in the war against Japan.
 
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Month/Year
April / 1945
To Month/Year
July / 1945
 
Last Updated:
Mar 16, 2020
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  30 Also There at This Battle:
 
  • Crowley, Art Smith, PO2, (1944-1946)
  • Dawson, William L., PO2, (1942-1945)
  • Garrett, Earl, PO2, (1941-1953)
  • Gibson, Clarence, PO3, (1943-1945)
  • Hammond, Riley, LT, (1943-1973)
  • Miller, Frank, PO1, (1943-1945)
  • Sutter, William, CPO, (1942-1945)
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