Bellew, Michael F.X., CDR

Deceased
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Commander
Last Service Branch
Supply Corps
Last Primary NEC
310X-Supply Corps Officer
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1968-1969, 310X, NAS Kingsville TX
Service Years
1942 - 1969
Foreign Language(s)
French
Italian
Romanian
Turkik-Turkish
Supply Corps
Commander

 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
New York
New York
Year of Birth
1913
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by John Bellew, LT to remember Bellew, Michael F.X., CDR.

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Contact Info
Home Town
New York
Last Address
Not Specified

Date of Passing
Oct 30, 1969
 
Location of Interment
Long Island National Cemetery - Farmingdale, New York
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 

Order of the Shellback Order of the Golden Shellback Cold War Medal Order of the Golden Dragon






 Additional Information

Last Known Activity
Passed away on active duty, U.S. Naval Hospital St. Albans, NY July 1969.

  

Other Comments:
Graduated from Fordham University and received Masters degree from Colombia University.Commissioned Directly in 1942. Served as a Line Officer in destroyers in Med & Pacific. Ship hit by Kamikaze off Okinawa, spent time at Naval Hospital San Diego. Transferred from Line to Supply Corps after the war. Served aboard USS Coasters Harbor (AG-74) at Operation Crossroads A-bomb test at Bikini Atoll. He was later determined to have developed pancreatic cancer due to radiation at Bikini. He died on active duty in 1969 while stationed at NAS Kingsville, TX His widow, my mother, was awarded a settlement from DOD over 20 yrs. later.
Cdr. Bellew was awarded the Royal Order of Phoenix by the Greek government for his assistance to Greece during their civil war 1946-1949. The medal was held by the Dept. of State, and not released to his family until after his death,  for reasons unknown.He served as liason officer to foreign navies while stationed in Washington, D.C.
Cdr. Bellew served in Turkey 1955-1958 as an advisor to the Turkish Navy. He authored two books in the Turkish language while stationed at the submarine base in Golcuk, Turkey. He was also stationed at Sigonella, Sicily.

   
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Operation Crossroads (Bikini Atoll)
Start Year
1946
End Year
1946

Description
Operation Crossroads was a pair of nuclear weapon tests conducted by the United States at Bikini Atoll in mid-1946. They were the first nuclear weapon tests since Trinity in July 1945, and the first detonations of nuclear devices since the atomic bombing of Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. The purpose of the tests was to investigate the effect of nuclear weapons on warships.

The Crossroads tests were the first of many nuclear tests held in the Marshall Islands, and the first to be publicly announced beforehand and observed by an invited audience, including a large press corps. They were conducted by Joint Army/Navy Task Force One, headed by Vice Admiral William H. P. Blandy rather than by the Manhattan Project, which had developed nuclear weapons during World War II. A fleet of 95 target ships was assembled in Bikini Lagoon and hit with two detonations of Fat Man plutonium implosion-type nuclear weapons of the kind dropped on Nagasaki, each with a yield of 23 kilotons of TNT (96 TJ).

The first test was Able. The bomb was named Gilda after Rita Hayworth's character in the 1946 film Gilda, and was dropped from the B-29 Superfortress Dave's Dream of the 509th Bombardment Group on July 1, 1946. It detonated 520 feet (158 m) above the target fleet and caused less than the expected amount of ship damage because it missed its aim point by 2,130 feet (649 m). The second test was Baker. The bomb was known as Helen of Bikini and was detonated 90 feet (27 m) underwater on July 25, 1946. Radioactive sea spray caused extensive contamination. A third deep-water test named Charlie was planned for 1947 but was canceled primarily because of the United States Navy's inability to decontaminate the target ships after the Baker test. Ultimately, only nine target ships were able to be scrapped rather than scuttled. Charlie was rescheduled as Operation Wigwam, a deep-water shot conducted in 1955 off the California coast.

Bikini's native residents agreed to evacuate the island, and were evacuated on board the LST-861, with most moving to the Rongerik Atoll. In the 1950s, a series of large thermonuclear tests rendered Bikini unfit for subsistence farming and fishing because of radioactive contamination. Bikini remains uninhabited as of 2015, though it is occasionally visited by sport divers. Planners attempted to protect participants in the Operation Crossroads tests against radiation sickness, but one study showed that the life expectancy of participants was reduced by an average of three months. The Baker test's radioactive contamination of all the target ships was the first case of immediate, concentrated radioactive fallout from a nuclear explosion. Chemist Glenn T. Seaborg, the longest-serving chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, called Baker "the world's first nuclear disaster."
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1946
To Year
1946
 
Last Updated:
May 10, 2015
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  27 Also There at This Battle:
 
  • Anderson, Carl J, PO2, (1944-1946)
  • Barnes, William, S1c, (1946-1948)
  • Donaldson, Lyle, MCPO, (1940-1975)
  • Garrett, Earl, PO2, (1941-1953)
  • Kropf, Walter, PO2, (1945-1946)
  • McElwee, Robert, HA2c, (1945-1947)
  • Meek, James Ross, PO2, (1943-1947)
  • Spore, Burns Walling, CAPT, (1937-1970)
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