Douglas, General Preston, S1c

Fallen
 
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Last Rank
Seaman 1st Class
Last Rating/NEC Group
Seaman
Primary Unit
1942-1943, USS Helena (CL-50)
Service Years
1941 - 1943
SN-Seaman
Seaman 1st Class

 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Tennessee
Tennessee
Year of Birth
1922
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Michael D. Withers (Mike), OSCS to remember Douglas, General Preston, S1c.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Newcomb
Last Address
Not Specified

Casualty Date
Jul 06, 1943
 
Cause
Hostile, Died while Missing
Reason
Other Explosive Device
Location
Solomon Islands
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
Gollihon Cemetery - Sneedville, Tennessee
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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WW II Memorial National RegistryWorld War II FallenThe National Gold Star Family RegistryUnited States Navy Memorial
  2014, WW II Memorial National Registry
  2014, World War II Fallen [Verified]
  2014, The National Gold Star Family Registry
  2014, United States Navy Memorial [Verified] - Assoc. Page

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Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-42)/Cape Esperance (Second Savo)
Start Year
1942
End Year
1942

Description
Cape Esperance (Second Savo) October 11–12, 1942. The Battle of Cape Esperance, also known as the Second Battle of Savo Island and, in Japanese sources, as the Sea Battle of Savo Island, took place on 11–12 October 1942, and was a naval battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II between the Imperial Japanese Navy and United States Navy. The battle was the second of four major surface engagements during the Guadalcanal campaign and took place at the entrance to the strait between Savo Island and Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. Cape Esperance (9°15′S 159°42′E) is the northernmost point on Guadalcanal, and the battle took its name from this point.

On the night of 11 October, Japanese naval forces in the Solomon Islands area—under the command of Vice Admiral Gunichi Mikawa—sent a major supply and reinforcement convoy to their forces on Guadalcanal. The convoy consisted of two seaplane tenders and six destroyers and was commanded by Rear Admiral Takatsugu Jojima. At the same time, but in a separate operation, three heavy cruisers and two destroyers—under the command of Rear Admiral Aritomo Goto-were to bombard the Allied airfield on Guadalcanal (called Henderson Field by the Allies) with the object of destroying Allied aircraft and the airfield's facilities.

Shortly before midnight on 11 October, a U.S force of four cruisers and five destroyers—under the command of Rear Admiral Norman Scott—intercepted Goto's force as it approached Savo Island near Guadalcanal. Taking the Japanese by surprise, Scott's warships sank one of Goto's cruisers and one of his destroyers, heavily damaged another cruiser, mortally wounded Goto, and forced the rest of Goto's warships to abandon the bombardment mission and retreat. During the exchange of gunfire, one of Scott's destroyers was sunk and one cruiser and another destroyer were heavily damaged. In the meantime, the Japanese supply convoy successfully completed unloading at Guadalcanal and began its return journey without being discovered by Scott's force. Later on the morning of 12 October, four Japanese destroyers from the supply convoy turned back to assist Goto's retreating, damaged warships. Air attacks by U.S. aircraft from Henderson Field sank two of these destroyers later that day.

As with the preceding naval engagements, around Guadalcanal, the strategic outcome was inconsequential because neither the Japanese nor United States navies secured operational control of the waters around Guadalcanal as a result of this action. However, the Battle of Cape Esperance provided a significant morale boost to the US Navy after the disaster of Savo Island.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1942
To Year
1942
 
Last Updated:
Jan 5, 2014
   
Personal Memories

Memories
Helena's next action was near Rennell Island, again in support of a movement of transports into Guadalcanal. Air attacks from Henderson Field had slowed down the Tokyo Express for several days, so 11 October 1942 the Japanese poured everything they could deliver against the airstrip, hoping to neutralize air operations long enough to bring heavy troop reinforcements during the night. The Japanese fleet closed and by 18:10 was less than 100 miles from Savo Island.

Helena, equipped with superior radar, was first to contact the enemy and first to open fire at 23:46. When firing had ceased in this Battle of Cape Esperance in Ironbottom Sound, Helena had sunk cruiser Furutaka and destroyer Fubuki.

Helena was next under attack on the night of 20 October while patrolling between Espiritu Santo and San Cristobal. Several torpedoes exploded near her but she was not hit.

   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  107 Also There at This Battle:
  • Brosnan, Ryan
  • Burlingame, Archie, S1c, (1923-1943)
  • Butler, William Clayton, RADM, (1926-1959)
  • Ward, Harold, PO1, (1940-1959)
  • Webb, Robert, PO3, (1941-1946)
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