Allen, Woodrow Hugh, PO1

Fallen
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Petty Officer First Class
Last Primary NEC
AMM-0000-Aviation Machinist's Mate
Last Rating/NEC Group
Aviation Machinist's Mate
Primary Unit
1942-1943, AMM-0000, USS Kitty Hawk (AKV-1)
Service Years
1939 - 1943
AMM-Aviation Machinist's Mate
One Hash Mark

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

431 kb

Home State
Texas
Texas
Year of Birth
1918
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Steven Loomis (SaigonShipyard), IC3 to remember Allen, Woodrow Hugh, PO1.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
McKinney, Collin County, Texas
Last Address
Not Specified

Casualty Date
Sep 04, 1943
 
Cause
Not Specified
Reason
Artillery, Rocket, Mortar
Location
Pacific
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery - San Antonio, Texas
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Q 0 40

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World War II Fallen
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Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-42)/Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands
Start Year
1942
End Year
1942

Description
The Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, 26 October 1942, sometimes referred to as the Battle of Santa Cruz or in Japanese sources as the Battle of the South Pacific, was the fourth carrier battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II and the fourth major naval engagement fought between the United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy during the lengthy and strategically important Guadalcanal campaign. In similar fashion to the battles of Coral Sea, Midway, and the Eastern Solomons, the ships of the two adversaries were rarely in direct visual range of each other. Instead, almost all attacks by both sides were mounted by carrier or land-based aircraft.

In an attempt to drive Allied forces from Guadalcanal and nearby islands and end the stalemate that had existed since September 1942, the Imperial Japanese Army planned a major ground offensive on Guadalcanal for 20–25 October 1942. In support of this offensive, and with the hope of engaging Allied naval forces, Japanese carriers and other large warships moved into a position near the southern Solomon Islands. From this location, the Japanese naval forces hoped to engage and decisively defeat any Allied (primarily U.S.) naval forces, especially carrier forces, that responded to the ground offensive. Allied naval forces also hoped to meet the Japanese naval forces in battle, with the same objectives of breaking the stalemate and decisively defeating their adversary.

The Japanese ground offensive on Guadalcanal was under way in the Battle for Henderson Field while the naval warships and aircraft from the two adversaries confronted each other on the morning of 26 October 1942, just north of the Santa Cruz Islands. After an exchange of carrier air attacks, Allied surface ships were forced to retreat from the battle area with one carrier sunk and another heavily damaged. The participating Japanese carrier forces, however, also retired because of high aircraft and aircrew losses plus significant damage to two carriers. Although a tactical victory for the Japanese in terms of ships sunk and damaged, the loss of many irreplaceable, veteran aircrews would prove to be a long term strategic advantage for the Allies, whose aircrew losses in the battle were relatively low and could be quickly replaced. The high cost of the battle for the Japanese prevented their carrier forces from further significant involvement in the Guadalcanal campaign.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1942
To Year
1942
 
Last Updated:
Dec 2, 2011
   
Personal Memories

Memories
Santa Cruz Islands, 26 Oct 1942.
U.S.S. Hornet CV-8 was sunk at this battle after being in service for a year and six days.

   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  71 Also There at This Battle:
 
  • Harp, Edward Blaine, RADM, (1929-1961)
  • Prince, James, PO2, (1940-1946)
  • Rhodes, Raleigh Ernest, CDR, (1940-1961)
  • Siebler, Jerome, S1c, (1942-1942)
  • Snincsak, Theodore Michael, S2c, (1942-1942)
  • Vejtasa, Stanley Winfield, CAPT, (1938-1970)
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