Beary, Donald, VADM

Deceased
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Vice Admiral
Last Primary NEC
111X-Unrestricted Line Officer - Surface Warfare
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1948-1950, Naval War College (Staff)
Service Years
1910 - 1950
Vice Admiral
Vice Admiral

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

273 kb

Home State
Montana
Montana
Year of Birth
1888
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Steven Loomis (SaigonShipyard), IC3 to remember Beary, Donald (Red), VADM.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Helena, Montana
Last Address
Admiral Beary was interred at the United States Naval Academy Cemetery and Columbarium at Annapolis, Maryland, with full military honors.

Date of Passing
Oct 01, 1966
 
Location of Interment
U.S Naval Academy Cemetery - Annapolis, Maryland
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

US Navy Retired 30


 Unofficial Badges 






 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

Vice Admiral Donald Bradford Beary


United States Navy Admiral. He graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1910 and was awarded the Navy Cross for convoy duty in World War I. At the outbreak of World War II, he was Commander of the Fleet Operational Training Command in the Atlantic theater. In the Pacific battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa 1944, he was Commander of ServRon 6, assigned the task of providing at-sea support to the 3rd and 5th fleets during specific operations. ServRon 6 was the first underway group replenishing warships with munitions and stores to provide the fleet with the ability to maintain an aggressive, around-the-clock offensive against Japan. At the Japanese surrender on September 2, 1945, he served as a dignitary on the staff of General Douglas MacAuthur. After the war he was President of the War College in Newport, Rhode Island and retired in 1950. The Knox-class frigate "USS Beary" (FF-1085), was named in his honor.
 

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Donald Bradford Beary was born 4 December, 1888, in Helena, Montana. After graduation from the Naval Academy in 1910, he completed a Master of Sciences degree in Electrical Engineering from Columbia University. During World War I, he earned the Navy Cross for distinguished service in command of a patrol yacht and destroyer engaged in convoy duty and anti-submarine warfare.

During World War II, Vice Admiral Beary (then Captain) was awarded the Bronze Star for meritorious achievement in military operations against the enemy in the Pacific and Indian Oceans areas while in command of the troop transport MOUNT VERNON (AP 22) and head of Transport Division Nineteen. He was especially cited for his conspicuous professional ability, leadership, and organization in landing desperately needed reinforcements at Singapore and the evacuation of refugees from that city despite repeated air raids in the area.

In 1942, Vice Admiral Beary (then Rear Admiral) became Commandant of Naval Operations Base Iceland. At his command, warships were organized and expeditiously developed into a high state of battle proficiency.

On 14 March 1943 the Fleet Operational Training Command, Atlantic Fleet was formally established, with Rear Admiral Donald B. Beary in command. Beary, known as "Red" to his fellow Naval Academy graduates of the Class of 1910, came to the new assignment from a seventh-month stint as Commandant of the Naval Operating Base in Iceland. He was the perfect choice for this exacting job. A member of the Navy's Gun Club who had earned a PG degree in electrical engineering at Columbia, he had been known since his Midshipman days as a man who possessed drive above all else.

During the year-and-a-half he served as COTCLANT, Beary successfully administered the creation and operation of a wide variety of training facilities along the U.S. East Coast, in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba and on Culebra Island, Puerto Rico. These included such esoteric facilities as Anti-Aircraft Training Centers and the Anti-Aircraft Training Afloat program on board U.S.S. Wyoming, the Combat Information Center, Group Training Center in Norfolk, the Anti-Submarine Warfare Unit in Norfolk, the Fleet Sonar School in Key West, and the Minecraft Training Center in Little Creek, Virginia.  In all during his time in command, Admiral Beary directed the training of more than 1,000,000 officers and men of the United States Fleet and supervised the shakedown or refresher training of some 5,000 vessels.

It is not surprising, therefore, that in the citation for the Distinguished Service Medal he was awarded in February 1945 for his accomplishments, he was singled out as a "resourceful and aggressive administrator" who was responsible for "the high state of battle proficiency and readiness for action maintained by the vessels under his command."

In 1944, Rear Admiral Beary took command of Service Squadron Six, a revolutionary new mobile underway replenishment support force. Service Squadron Six, under Beary's leadership, overcame the problems of tremendous distances involved in the Pacific War. With his replenishment forces at sea, the Fleet could choose its rendevous points, retire a few hundred miles for rearming, refueling, and reprovisioning, and strike again without delay.

The achievement of underway replenishment was a decisive factor in shortening the war. His genius for maintaining logistic support to Admiral Spruance's Fifth Fleet and Admiral Halsey's Third Fleet was recognized by two awards of the Legion of Merit for exceptional and meritorious conduct as Commander, Service Squadron Six.

After World War II, Rear Admiral Beary served as Administrator of the U.S. Naval Shipping Control Authority, Commandant of the Twelfth Naval District, Commander, Naval Base San Francisco, Commander, Western Sea frontier, and Commander, Pacific Reserve Fleet. In 1948, having attained the rank of Vice Admiral, he became the President of the Naval War college at Newport, RI, until his retirement in 1950.

   
Other Comments:

Awards and Citations

Navy Cross
Awarded for actions during the World War I

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lieutenant Commander Donald Bradford Beary, United States Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. REMLIK and the U.S.S. LAMSON, engaged in the important, exacting, and hazardous duty of patrolling the waters infested by enemy submarines and mines, protecting vitally important convoys of troops and supplies through these waters, and in offensive and defensive action, vigorously and unremittingly prosecuted against all forms of enemy naval activity during World War I.

Action Date: World War I
Service: Navy
Rank: Lieutenant Commander
Company: Commanding Officer
Division: U.S.S. Remlik & U.S.S. Lamson

Awards include:

Navy Cross - 1918; Navy Distinguished Service Medal - 1945; Legion of Merit - 1945; second Legion of Merit - 1945; Bronze Star - 1943; American Defense Service Medal - 1941; American Campaign Medal - 1941; Europe/African/Middle Eastern Campaign - 1942; Asiatic/Pacific Campaign Medal - 1944; World War II Victory Medal - 1945; Navy Distinguished Marksman (pre-1959) - 1940; Navy Distinguished Pistol Shot (pre-1959) - 1940; WWI Victory Medal - 1918; Nicaragua Service - 1927; Yangtze River Service - 1931

   
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World War II
From Month/Year
December / 1941
To Month/Year
September / 1945

Description
Overview of World War II 

World War II killed more people, involved more nations, and cost more money than any other war in history. Altogether, 70 million people served in the armed forces during the war, and 17 million combatants died. Civilian deaths were ever greater. At least 19 million Soviet civilians, 10 million Chinese, and 6 million European Jews lost their lives during the war.

World War II was truly a global war. Some 70 nations took part in the conflict, and fighting took place on the continents of Africa, Asia, and Europe, as well as on the high seas. Entire societies participated as soldiers or as war workers, while others were persecuted as victims of occupation and mass murder.

World War II cost the United States a million causalities and nearly 400,000 deaths. In both domestic and foreign affairs, its consequences were far-reaching. It ended the Depression, brought millions of married women into the workforce, initiated sweeping changes in the lives of the nation's minority groups, and dramatically expanded government's presence in American life.

The War at Home & Abroad

On September 1, 1939, World War II started when Germany invaded Poland. By November 1942, the Axis powers controlled territory from Norway to North Africa and from France to the Soviet Union. After defeating the Axis in North Africa in May 1941, the United States and its Allies invaded Sicily in July 1943 and forced Italy to surrender in September. On D-Day, June 6, 1944, the Allies landed in Northern France. In December, a German counteroffensive (the Battle of the Bulge) failed. Germany surrendered in May 1945.

The United States entered the war following a surprise attack by Japan on the U.S. Pacific fleet in Hawaii. The United States and its Allies halted Japanese expansion at the Battle of Midway in June 1942 and in other campaigns in the South Pacific. From 1943 to August 1945, the Allies hopped from island to island across the Central Pacific and also battled the Japanese in China, Burma, and India. Japan agreed to surrender on August 14, 1945 after the United States dropped the first atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Consequences:

1. The war ended Depression unemployment and dramatically expanded government's presence in American life. It led the federal government to create a War Production Board to oversee conversion to a wartime economy and the Office of Price Administration to set prices on many items and to supervise a rationing system.

2. During the war, African Americans, women, and Mexican Americans founded new opportunities in industry. But Japanese Americans living on the Pacific coast were relocated from their homes and placed in internment camps.

The Dawn of the Atomic Age

In 1939, Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Roosevelt, warning him that the Nazis might be able to build an atomic bomb. On December 2, 1942, Enrico Fermi, an Italian refugee, produced the first self-sustained, controlled nuclear chain reaction in Chicago.

To ensure that the United States developed a bomb before Nazi Germany did, the federal government started the secret $2 billion Manhattan Project. On July 16, 1945, in the New Mexico desert near Alamogordo, the Manhattan Project's scientists exploded the first atomic bomb.

It was during the Potsdam negotiations that President Harry Truman learned that American scientists had tested the first atomic bomb. On August 6, 1945, the Enola Gay, a B-29 Superfortress, released an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan. Between 80,000 and 140,000 people were killed or fatally wounded. Three days later, a second bomb fell on Nagasaki. About 35,000 people were killed. The following day Japan sued for peace.

President Truman's defenders argued that the bombs ended the war quickly, avoiding the necessity of a costly invasion and the probable loss of tens of thousands of American lives and hundreds of thousands of Japanese lives. His critics argued that the war might have ended even without the atomic bombings. They maintained that the Japanese economy would have been strangled by a continued naval blockade, and that Japan could have been forced to surrender by conventional firebombing or by a demonstration of the atomic bomb's power.

The unleashing of nuclear power during World War II generated hope of a cheap and abundant source of energy, but it also produced anxiety among large numbers of people in the United States and around the world.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Month/Year
December / 1941
To Month/Year
September / 1945
 
Last Updated:
Mar 16, 2020
   
Personal Memories

Memories
During World War II, Vice Admiral Beary (then Captain) was awarded the Bronze Star for meritorious achievement in military operations against the enemy in the Pacific and Indian Oceans areas while in command of the troop transport MOUNT VERNON (AP 22) and head of Transport Division Nineteen. He was especially cited for his conspicuous professional ability, leadership, and organization in landing desperately needed reinforcements at Singapore and the evacuation of refugees from that city despite repeated air raids in the area.

In 1942, Vice Admiral Beary (then Rear Admiral) became Commandant of Naval Operations Base Iceland. At his command, warships were organized and expeditiously developed into a high state of battle proficiency. For this meritorious service, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal.

In 1944, Rear Admiral Beary took command of Service Squadron Six, a revolutionary new mobile underway replenishment support force. Service Squadron Six, under Beary's leadership, overcame the problems of tremendous distances involved in the Pacific War. With his replenishment forces at sea, the Fleet could choose its rendevous points, retire a few hundred miles for rearming, refueling, and reprovisioning, and strike again without delay.

The achievement of underway replenishment was a decisive factor in shortening the war. His genius for maintaining logistic support to Admiral Spruance's Fifth Fleet and Admiral Halsey's Third Fleet was recognized by two awards of the Legion of Merit for exceptional and meritorious conduct as Commander, Service Squadron Six.

   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  1664 Also There at This Battle:
  • Abbott, Floyd Eugene, PO3, (1943-1946)
  • Abramson, Arthur, LT, (1942-1945)
  • Agesen, Bruce Martin, LCDR, (1942-1966)
  • Ahlfs, Jerold Francis, CDR, (1940-1954)
  • Albertson, Dean Howard, LTJG, (1943-1953)
  • Alexander, William Patrick, S2c, (1942-1945)
  • Alexatos, Michael Stephen, CAPT, (1942-1970)
  • Ambellan, Charles Herbert, CAPT, (1942-1970)
  • Anderson, Leroy Marvin, LT, (1942-1946)
  • Arnold, Arlington Reid, LTJG, (1941-1946)
  • Arnold, John Jacob, LCDR, (1942-1976)
  • Aschenbrenner, John, S1c, (1943-1945)
  • Azer, John, CAPT, (1928-1948)
  • Badger, Heber Jenkins, CAPT, (1941-1961)
  • Bainbridge, Robert, PO3, (1940-1949)
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