Bowen, Harold, Jr., VADM

Deceased
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Vice Admiral
Last Primary NEC
114X-Unrestricted Line Officer - Special Operations
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1969-1972, CNO - OPNAV/Director of Naval Intelligence (DNI)
Service Years
1933 - 1972
Vice Admiral
Vice Admiral

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

66 kb

Home State
Maryland
Maryland
Year of Birth
1913
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Steven Loomis (SaigonShipyard), IC3 to remember Bowen, Harold, Jr., VADM.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Annapolis, MD
Last Address
Arlington National Cemetery

Date of Passing
Aug 17, 2000
 
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

US Navy Retired 30


 Unofficial Badges 

US Navy Honorable Discharge




 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Harold Gardiner Bowen, Jr.
Vice Admiral, United States Navy

Harold G. Bowen Jr., 87, a retired Navy Vice Admiral who had served as Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Research and Development and commanded the anti-submarine warfare force of the Pacific Fleet, died of cancer August 17, 2000 at home in Alexandria, Virginia.

Vice Admiral Bowen served in 1969 as president of the Naval Court of Inquiry that investigated the 1968 surrender of the U.S. spy ship Pueblo to North Korea without firing a shot in its own defense.

He had served as Deputy Director of Naval Intelligence and as a Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Intelligence before retiring in 1972 after more than 40 years of Navy service.

He was born in Annapolis, the son of a retired Navy Vice Admiral, and he graduated from the Naval Academy in 1933.

During World War II, he was a destroyer commander in the Pacific and participated in combat operations against the Japanese in the Solomon Islands, Bougainville, Rabaul and Kavieng. During the Korean War, he commanded a destroyer division in combat operations.

He received a master's degree in metallurgical engineering at Carnegie Institute of Technology, and he had served at the Naval Gun Factory, the Bureau of Ordnance and as an ordnance specialist in an American aid mission to Turkey.

In the office of the Chief of Naval Operations, he had been director of the Atomic Energy Division and commander of the operational test and evaluation force.

As president of the Pueblo Court of Inquiry, Vice Adm. Bowen led the official Navy investigation of the surrender of the lightly armed intelligence-gathering ship Pueblo to Communist naval and air units off the North Korean coast on Jan. 23, 1968.

The Pueblo's captain, Lloyd M. Bucher, testified that resistance would have been futile and that he had an obligation to save the lives of his crew. Bucher and his men spent 11 months as prisoners of the North Koreans, and his decision to surrender set off a heated debate in and outside the Navy.

The Court of Inquiry recommended Bucher be court-martialed, but the Navy did not follow that recommendation, and Bucher retired in 1973.

In retirement, he was a co-founder of Virginia's Dominion Federal Savings and Loan Association and was president of Sparcom, an intelligence analysis company. He was a consultant to Hudson Wire Co. and DuPont Co. in electrical wire and cable technology.

He was an avid sportsman, and in 1998 and 1999, he held the U.S. championship title for squash singles over the age of 85.

His wife of 61 years, Constance Baker Bowen, died in 1999.

A daughter, Edith Easley, died earlier this month.

Survivors include three daughters, Constance Bowen-Camp of Mountain View, Calif., Kathryn Wilder of Soquel, Calif., and Charlotte Phelps of Denver; and six grandchildren.

Note: His father, Harold Gardiner Bowen, Sr., Vice Admiral, United States Navy, is also buried in Arlington National Cemetery. 
   
Other Comments:
Vice Adm. Bowen's decorations included a Distinguished Service medal with gold star, two Legion of Merit medals with Combat V, three Bronze Star medals with gold star and Combat V, and three Navy Commendation medals.

   
 Photo Album   (More...



Korean War
Start Year
1950
End Year
1953

Description
The Korean War; 25 June 1950 - 27 July 1953) began when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Nations, with the United States as the principal force, came to the aid of South Korea. China came to the aid of North Korea, and the Soviet Union gave some assistance.

Korea was ruled by Japan from 1910 until the closing days of World War II. In August 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, as a result of an agreement with the United States, and liberated Korea north of the 38th parallel. U.S. forces subsequently moved into the south. By 1948, as a product of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, Korea was split into two regions, with separate governments. Both governments claimed to be the legitimate government of all of Korea, and neither side accepted the border as permanent. The conflict escalated into open warfare when North Korean forces supported by the Soviet Union and China moved into the south on 25 June 1950. On that day, the United Nations Security Council recognized this North Korean act as invasion and called for an immediate ceasefire. On 27 June, the Security Council adopted S/RES/83: Complaint of aggression upon the Republic of Korea and decided the formation and dispatch of the UN Forces in Korea. Twenty-one countries of the United Nations eventually contributed to the UN force, with the United States providing 88% of the UN's military personnel.

After the first two months of the conflict, South Korean forces were on the point of defeat, forced back to the Pusan Perimeter. In September 1950, an amphibious UN counter-offensive was launched at Inchon, and cut off many of the North Korean troops. Those that escaped envelopment and capture were rapidly forced back north all the way to the border with China at the Yalu River, or into the mountainous interior. At this point, in October 1950, Chinese forces crossed the Yalu and entered the war. Chinese intervention triggered a retreat of UN forces which continued until mid-1951.

After these reversals of fortune, which saw Seoul change hands four times, the last two years of conflict became a war of attrition, with the front line close to the 38th parallel. The war in the air, however, was never a stalemate. North Korea was subject to a massive bombing campaign. Jet fighters confronted each other in air-to-air combat for the first time in history, and Soviet pilots covertly flew in defense of their communist allies.

The fighting ended on 27 July 1953, when an armistice was signed. The agreement created the Korean Demilitarized Zone to separate North and South Korea, and allowed the return of prisoners. However, no peace treaty has been signed, and the two Koreas are technically still at war. Periodic clashes, many of which are deadly, have continued to the present.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1950
To Year
1953
 
Last Updated:
Jan 12, 2011
   
Personal Memories

Memories
During World War II, he was a destroyer commander in the Pacific and participated in combat operations against the Japanese in the Solomon Islands, Bougainville, Rabaul and Kavieng. During the Korean War, he commanded a destroyer division in combat operations.

   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  1001 Also There at This Battle:
  • Aalto, Tauno Hjalmer, PO2, (1949-1953)
  • Adderton, Manning, SN, (1951-1955)
  • Alexatos, Michael Stephen, CAPT, (1942-1970)
  • Alonzo, Louis, PO3, (1950-1954)
  • Ambellan, Charles Herbert, CAPT, (1942-1970)
  • Amos, Bobby, PO1, (1949-1969)
  • Apple, Clarence, PO2, (1948-2010)
  • Arechiga, Sr., Raymond
  • Baker, Raymond C., PO3, (1948-1951)
  • Barcus, Riley
  • Bartlett, Davis, PO1, (1951-1972)
  • Bash, Charles, SN
  • Bass, Richard Daniel, LTJG, (1951-1953)
  • Beam, Joe, MCPO, (1941-2004)
  • Beckley, Jerry, CWO4, (1948-1969)
  • Beckwith, Eugene Gerrard, PO2, (1951-1955)
  • Bennett, Donald, S1c, (1951-1954)
  • Berryman, Bennie, FA
  • Bick, Raymond, SR, (1949-1953)
  • Bick, Robert Sterling, LTJG, (1951-1953)
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