Adair, Charles L., RADM

Deceased
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
33 kb
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Last Rank
Rear Admiral Upper Half
Last Primary NEC
111X-Unrestricted Line Officer - Surface Warfare
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1955-1956, 111X, Under Secretary of the Navy (UNSECNAV)/Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management & Comptroller) ASN (FM&C)
Service Years
1926 - 1956
Official/Unofficial US Navy Certificates
Cold War
Order of the Golden Dragon
Iwo Jima
Neptune Subpoena
Rear Admiral Upper Half
Rear Admiral Upper Half

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

15 kb

Home State
Texas
Texas
Year of Birth
1902
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Bersley H. Thomas, Jr. (Tom), SMCS to remember Adair, Charles L. (Ret.), RADM USN(Ret).

If you knew or served with this Sailor and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Tyler
Last Address
Annapolis, Maryland

Date of Passing
Jul 02, 1993
 
Location of Interment
U.S. Naval Academy Cemetery - Annapolis, Maryland
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

US Navy Retired 30


 Unofficial Badges 

Order of the Shellback Order of the Golden Dragon Command & Control Excellence Award


 Military Association Memberships
United States Naval Academy Alumni AssociationNaval Postgraduate School FoundationNaval Postgraduate School Alumni AssociationMilitary Order of Foreign Wars of the United States
Military Order of the World Wars (MOWW)Association of Naval Services Officers (ANSO)American Society of Military Comptrollers
  1926, United States Naval Academy Alumni Association [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  1935, Naval Postgraduate School Foundation
  1935, Naval Postgraduate School Alumni Association [Verified]
  1941, Military Order of Foreign Wars of the United States [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  1945, Military Order of the World Wars (MOWW)
  1945, Amphibious Forces Veterans Association, US Navy [Verified]
  1956, Association of Naval Services Officers (ANSO)
  1956, American Society of Military Comptrollers [Verified] - Assoc. Page


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

         Adair, Charles (1902-1993)
Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy (Retired)

Admiral Adair graduated from the Naval Academy in the class of 1926. Following assignments on board the Mississippi, Toucey, Blakeley, and Patoka, he studied communications at the Naval Postgraduate School. From 1935 to 1938 he served as radio officer on the staffs of Destroyer Squadrons Six and 14. After a staff assignment at the Naval Academy, he reported as flag lieutenant to Admiral Thomas Hart, Commander in Chief Asiatic Fleet, and was in that job when World War II broke out. He moved to Corregidor and then escaped to the Dutch East Indies as senior man on board the schooner Lanikai, sailing by night and hiding by day. From 1943 to 1945 he took part in the planning and execution of every major amphibious operation in the Southwest Pacific Area while serving on the staff of Rear Admiral Daniel Barbey, Commander Seventh Amphibious Force. After duty in OpNav and BuPers, he commanded attack cargo ship Marquette, served on the CinCPacFlt staff, and then in the office of the Comptroller of the Navy, William Franke. He retired in 1956.

RADM Adair had lived in Annapolis since 1974.  He died of pneumonia on July 2, 1993 at the Anne Arundel Medical Center. He had Alzheimer's disease.

 

   
Other Comments:
To view award citations, click on the ribbons in the Ribbon Bar box.
   
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Mariana and Palau Islands Campaign (1944)/Battle of Guam
Start Year
1944
End Year
1944

Description
Guam, ringed by reefs, cliffs, and heavy surf, presents a formidable challenge for an attacker. But despite the obstacles, on 21 July, the Americans landed on both sides of the Orote peninsula on the western side of Guam, planning to cut off the airfield. The 3rd Marine Division landed near Agana to the north of Orote at 08:28, and the 1st Provisional Marine Brigade landed near Agat to the south. Japanese artillery sank 20 LVTs, and inflicted heavy casualties on the Americans, especially on the 1st Provisional Marine Brigade, but by 09:00 men and tanks were ashore at both beaches. The 77th Infantry Division had a more difficult landing. Lacking amphibious vehicles, they had to wade ashore from the edge of the reef where they were dropped by their landing craft. The men stationed in the two beachheads were pinned down by heavy Japanese fire, making initial progress inland quite slow.



US Marines move inland.
By nightfall, the Americans had established beachheads about 6,600 feet (2,000 m) deep. Japanese counterattacks were made throughout the first few days of the battle, mostly at night, using infiltration tactics. Several times, they penetrated the American defenses and were driven back with heavy loss of men and equipment. Lieutenant General Takeshi Takashina was killed on 28 July, and Lieutenant General Hideyoshi Obata took over the command of the defenders.

Supply was very difficult for the Americans in the first days of the battle. Landing ships could not come closer than the reef, several hundred yards from the beach, and amphibious vehicles were scarce. However, the two beachheads were joined up on 25 July, and the Orote airfield and Apra harbor were captured by 30 July.

The counterattacks against the American beachheads, as well as the fierce fighting, had exhausted the Japanese. At the start of August, they were running out of food and ammunition and had only a handful of tanks left. Obata withdrew his troops from the south of Guam, planning to make a stand in the mountainous central and northern part of the island. But with resupply and reinforcement impossible because of American control of the sea and air around Guam, he could hope to do no more than delay the inevitable defeat for a few days.

Rain and thick jungle made conditions difficult for the Americans, but after an engagement at Mount Barrigada from 2-4 August, the Japanese line collapsed; the rest of the battle was a pursuit to the north. As in other battles of the Pacific War, the Japanese refused to surrender, and almost all were killed. On 10 August, after three weeks of combat, organized Japanese resistance ended, and Guam was declared secure. The next day, Obata committed ritual suicide.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1944
To Year
1944
 
Last Updated:
Oct 6, 2010
   
Personal Memories

Memories
From 1943 to 1945 he took part in the planning and execution of every major amphibious operation in the Southwest Pacific Area while serving on the staff of Rear Admiral Daniel Barbey, Commander Seventh Amphibious Force.

   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  199 Also There at This Battle:
  • Barr, John Andrew, PO3, (1943-1946)
  • Beckwith, John Edward, S1c, (1942-1945)
  • Besson, John Henry, RADM, (1931-1959)
  • Chavez, Natalio, S1c, (1944-1946)
  • Crookshank, Irvin, PO2, (1942-1946)
  • Dawson, William L., PO2, (1942-1945)
  • Dikel, Samuel, PO2, (1942-1946)
  • Garrett, Earl, PO2, (1941-1953)
  • Garrettson, Charles
  • Hazelwood, Denna, PO1, (1942-1944)
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