Chewning, William Murray, LT

Fallen
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Lieutenant
Last Primary NEC
112X-Unrestricted Line Officer - Submarine Warfare
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1943-1943, 117X, USS Corvina (SS-226)
Service Years
1941 - 1943
Lieutenant
Lieutenant

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

205 kb

Home State
Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Year of Birth
1919
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Tommy Burgdorf (Birddog), FC2 to remember Chewning, William Murray, LT.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Marblehead, MA
Last Address
Coolidge Rd
Marblehead, MA
(Wife~Betsy Johnson Chewning)

Casualty Date
Nov 16, 1943
 
Cause
Hostile, Died while Missing
Reason
Lost At Sea-Unrecovered
Location
Pacific Ocean
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
Courts of the Missing at the Honolulu Memorial - Honolulu, Hawaii
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Court 5 (Cenotaph)

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USS Corvina (SS-226)
From Month/Year
October / 1943
To Month/Year
November / 1943

Description
USS Corvina (SS-226), a Gato-class submarine, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for the corvina, any of various important food fishes related to the weakfish and the croaker of the Atlantic coast.

Her keel was laid down by the Electric Boat Company of Groton, Connecticut on 21 September 1942. She was launched on 9 May 1943 (sponsored by Mrs. R. W. Christie), and commissioned on 6 August 1943 with Commander Roderick S. Rooney (Class of 1929) in command.

Clearing New London, Connecticut, on 18 September 1943, Corvina arrived at Pearl Harbor on 14 October. She put out from Pearl Harbor on her maiden war patrol 4 November, topped off her fuel tanks at Johnston Island two days later, and was never heard from again.

Her assignment had been a dangerous one: to patrol as closely as possible to the heavily guarded stronghold of Truk and to intercept any Japanese sortie endangering the forthcoming American invasion of the Gilbert Islands. Japanese records report that Japanese submarine I-176 launched three torpedoes at an enemy submarine south of Truk on 16 November, claiming two hits which resulted in the explosion of the target. Her loss with her crew of 82 was announced 14 March 1944, making Corvina the only American submarine to be sunk by a Japanese submarine in the entire war.

The loss of the Corvina is referenced in the 1951 John Wayne film Operation Pacific. In the film, the fictitious Gato class sub USS Thunderfish makes an impromptu rendezvous with the Corvina after the Corvina had reported problems on Number 1 Main Engine. The subs exchange engine parts and the captains also exchange films, John Wayne offering George Washington Slept Here, and the Corvina's captain offering "a submarine picture", later revealed to be the 1943 film Destination Tokyo. Later, while the crew of the Thunderfish are watching Destination Tokyo, John Wayne is shown trying to figure out torpedo explosions reported by the sub's sonar operator. The following day, the Thunderfish comes across wreckage, and discovers the case containing George Washington Slept Here, revealing that the Corvina had been sunk. The Thunderfish's radar then reports a single contact, and the sub submerges. John Wayne discovers "one I-type Jap submarine" while looking through the periscope. The Thunderfish then engages, torpedoes, and sinks the Japanese sub, avenging the loss of the Corvina.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Month/Year
October / 1943
To Month/Year
November / 1943
 
Last Updated:
Mar 16, 2020
   
Personal Memories

Memories
Her assignment had been a dangerous one: to patrol as closely as possible to the heavily-guarded stronghold of Truk and to intercept any Japanese sortie endangering the forthcoming American invasion of the Gilbert Islands. Japanese records report that Japanese submarine I-176 launched three torpedoes at an enemy submarine south of Truk 16 November, claiming two hits which resulted in the explosion of the target. If this was Corvina, she was the only American submarine to be sunk by a Japanese submarine in the entire war. Her loss with her crew of 82 was announced 14 March 1944

   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

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