Abbott, John Edward, CAPT

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 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Captain
Last Primary NEC
131X-Unrestricted Line Officer - Pilot
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1966-1966, Prisoner of War/Vietnam
Service Years
1945 - 1966
Captain
Captain

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

41 kb

Home State
Vermont
Vermont
Year of Birth
1927
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Army Griffin Colvin-Family to remember Abbott, John Edward, CAPT.

If you knew or served with this Sailor and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Casualty Info
Home Town
Burlington, VT
Last Address
San Diego, CA

Casualty Date
Apr 27, 1966
 
Cause
Hostile, Died while Captured
Reason
Air Loss, Crash - Land
Location
Vietnam, North
Conflict
Vietnam War
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
06E 124

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 

Gulf of Tonkin Yacht Club Order of the Golden Dragon


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

He was forced to eject over North Vietnam and was taken as a Prisoner of War on April 20, 1966. CDR Abbott was reported to have died in captivity 7 days later, on April 27, 1966. He was posthumously promoted to Captain, and his remains were returned to the United States on March 13, 1974 and Identified in April 17, 1974 Capt Abbott is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. 



 
Name of Award
Prison of War Medal
Year Awarded
1966
Details behind Award:
Commander John Abbott (NSN: 0-505134), United States Navy, was held as a Prisoner of War in North Vietnam from April 20, 1966 until his death in captivity on or about April 27, 1966.
Action Date: April 20 - 27, 1966
Service: Navy
Rank: Commander
Division: Prisoner of War (North Vietnam)
   
Comments/Citation

 
Name of Award
Distiguished Flying Cross X5
Years Awarded
1950
1952
1965
1966
1966
Details behind Awards:
Awarded for actions during the Korean War
Awarded for actions during the Vietnam War
The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Flying Cross to Ensign John Abbott (NSN: 0-505134), United States Navy, for extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flights in the Korean Theater during the period 4 July to 25 September 1950. As a pilot of a fighter plane, Ensign Abbott participated in thirty-five strike missions over enemy territory.
Action Date: July 4 - September 25, 1950
Service: Navy
Rank: Ensign
The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Distinguished Flying Cross to Lieutenant, Junior Grade John Abbott (NSN: 0-505134), United States Navy, for extraordinary achievement and distinguished leadership while participating in aerial flight as pilot of a fighter aircraft attached to Fighter Squadron FIFTY-THREE (VF-53), based on board the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), during attacks against enemy forces over hostile North Korean territory on 15 January 1952. As Division Leader of a flak-suppression element escorting attack bombers on a strike mission against an important and heavily defended rail and supply center near Yangdok, North Korea, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Abbott preceded the attack bombers into the target area and with utter disregard for his own personal safety and in the face of extremely intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, led his team in repeated bombing and strafing attacks against these anti-aircraft gun positions which were concealed in treacherous mountain terrain. His aggressiveness, courageous leadership and outstanding airmanship enabled his division to suppress the flak so thoroughly that no damage was sustained by the attack bomber elements during their attacks. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Abbott personally destroyed three heavy gun positions and silenced several others. His gallant and untiring devotion to duty was at all time in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Action Date: January 15, 1952
Service: Navy
Rank: Lieutenant Junior Grade
Company: Fighter Squadron 53 (VF-53)
Division: U.S.S. Essex (CV-9)
(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Commander John Abbott (NSN: 0-505134), United States Navy, was awarded a Third Gold Star in lieu of a Fourth Award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Posthumously) for heroism and extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight as Strike Leader and Pilot of an attack aircraft attached to Attack Squadron ONE HUNDRED THIRTEEN (VA-113), in U.S.S. KITTY HAWK (CVA-63), during operations in the Republic of Vietnam against the Viet Cong on 22 December 1965.
Action Date: 22-Dec-65
Service: Navy
Rank: Commander
Company: Attack Squadron 113 (VA-113)
Division: U.S.S. Kitty Hawk (CVA-63)
(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Commander John Abbott (NSN: 0-505134), United States Navy, was awarded a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Posthumously) for heroism and extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight as Division Leader and Pilot of an attack aircraft attached to Attack Squadron ONE HUNDRED THIRTEEN (VA-113), in U.S.S. KITTY HAWK (CVA-63), in operations against a vital bridge in North Vietnam on 20 April 1966.
Action Date: 20-Apr-66
Service: Navy
Rank: Commander
Company: Attack Squadron 113 (VA-113)
Division: U.S.S. Kitty Hawk (CVA-63)
(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Commander John Abbott (NSN: 0-505134), United States Navy, was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight in Southeast Asia.
Service: Navy
Rank: Commander
This Military Service Page was created by Tommy Burgdorf (Birddog), FC2 to remember Abbott, John Edward, CAPT.
   
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Korean War
Start Year
1950
End Year
1953

Description
The Korean War; 25 June 1950 - 27 July 1953) began when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Nations, with the United States as the principal force, came to the aid of South Korea. China came to the aid of North Korea, and the Soviet Union gave some assistance.

Korea was ruled by Japan from 1910 until the closing days of World War II. In August 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, as a result of an agreement with the United States, and liberated Korea north of the 38th parallel. U.S. forces subsequently moved into the south. By 1948, as a product of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, Korea was split into two regions, with separate governments. Both governments claimed to be the legitimate government of all of Korea, and neither side accepted the border as permanent. The conflict escalated into open warfare when North Korean forces supported by the Soviet Union and China moved into the south on 25 June 1950. On that day, the United Nations Security Council recognized this North Korean act as invasion and called for an immediate ceasefire. On 27 June, the Security Council adopted S/RES/83: Complaint of aggression upon the Republic of Korea and decided the formation and dispatch of the UN Forces in Korea. Twenty-one countries of the United Nations eventually contributed to the UN force, with the United States providing 88% of the UN's military personnel.

After the first two months of the conflict, South Korean forces were on the point of defeat, forced back to the Pusan Perimeter. In September 1950, an amphibious UN counter-offensive was launched at Inchon, and cut off many of the North Korean troops. Those that escaped envelopment and capture were rapidly forced back north all the way to the border with China at the Yalu River, or into the mountainous interior. At this point, in October 1950, Chinese forces crossed the Yalu and entered the war. Chinese intervention triggered a retreat of UN forces which continued until mid-1951.

After these reversals of fortune, which saw Seoul change hands four times, the last two years of conflict became a war of attrition, with the front line close to the 38th parallel. The war in the air, however, was never a stalemate. North Korea was subject to a massive bombing campaign. Jet fighters confronted each other in air-to-air combat for the first time in history, and Soviet pilots covertly flew in defense of their communist allies.

The fighting ended on 27 July 1953, when an armistice was signed. The agreement created the Korean Demilitarized Zone to separate North and South Korea, and allowed the return of prisoners. However, no peace treaty has been signed, and the two Koreas are technically still at war. Periodic clashes, many of which are deadly, have continued to the present.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1950
To Year
1953
 
Last Updated:
Apr 20, 2010
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  1012 Also There at This Battle:
  • Aalto, Tauno Hjalmer, PO2, (1949-1953)
  • Adderton, Manning, SN, (1951-1955)
  • Alexatos, Michael Stephen, CAPT, (1942-1970)
  • Alonzo, Louis, PO3, (1950-1954)
  • Ambellan, Charles Herbert, CAPT, (1942-1970)
  • Amos, Bobby, PO1, (1949-1969)
  • Apple, Clarence, PO2, (1948-2010)
  • Arechiga, Sr., Raymond
  • Barcus, Riley
  • Bartlett, Davis, PO1, (1951-1972)
  • Bash, Charles, SN
  • Bass, Richard Daniel, LTJG, (1951-1953)
  • Beam, Joe, MCPO, (1941-2004)
  • Beckley, Jerry, CWO4, (1948-1969)
  • Beckwith, Eugene Gerrard, PO2, (1951-1955)
  • Bennett, Donald, S1c, (1951-1954)
  • Berryman, Bennie, FA
  • Bick, Raymond, SR, (1949-1953)
  • Bick, Robert Sterling, LTJG, (1951-1953)
  • Blumenthal, Jerry, PO3, (1951-1955)
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