Forsythe, Joseph R., Jr., SM1c

Fallen
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Signalman 1st Class
Last Primary NEC
SM-0000-Signalman
Last Rating/NEC Group
Signalman
Primary Unit
1941-1944, SM-0000, USS Grayback (SS-208)
Service Years
1935 - 1944
SM-Signalman
Two Hash Marks

 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
New Jersey
New Jersey
Year of Birth
1916
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Tommy Burgdorf (Birddog), FC2 to remember Forsythe, Joseph R., Jr., SM1c.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Cresskill, NJ
Last Address
Harrington Park, NJ

Casualty Date
Feb 26, 1944
 
Cause
Hostile, Died while Missing
Reason
Lost At Sea-Unrecovered
Location
Pacific Ocean
Conflict
USS Grayback (SS-208)
Location of Interment
Courts of the Missing at the Honolulu Memorial - Honolulu, Hawaii
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Cenotaph

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 




 Military Association Memberships
World War II FallenWWII Memorial National RegistryUnited States Navy Memorial The National Gold Star Family Registry
  2013, World War II Fallen [Verified]
  2014, WWII Memorial National Registry
  2014, United States Navy Memorial - Assoc. Page
  2014, The National Gold Star Family Registry


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Grayback’s tenth patrol, her most successful in terms of tonnage sunk, was also to be her last. She sailed from Pearl Harbor on 28 January 1944, for the East China Sea. On 24 February Grayback radioed that she had sunk two cargo ships 19 February and had damaged two others (Taikei Maru and Toshin Maru sunk). On 25 February she transmitted her second and final report. That morning she had sunk tanker Nanho Maru and severely damaged Asama Maru. With only two torpedoes remaining, she was ordered home from patrol. Due to reach Midway on 7 March, Grayback did not arrive. On 30 March ComSubPac listed her as missing and presumed lost with all hands.

From captured Japanese records the submarine's last few days can be pieced together. Heading home through the East China Sea after attacking convoy Hi-40 on 24 February, Grayback used her last two torpedoes to sink the freighter Ceylon Maru on 27 February. That same day, a Japanese carrier-based plane spotted a submarine on the surface in the East China Sea and attacked. According to Japanese reports the submarine "exploded and sank immediately," but antisubmarine craft were called in to depth-charge the area, clearly marked by a trail of air bubbles, until at last a heavy oil slick swelled to the surface. Grayback had ended her last patrol, one which cost the enemy some 21,594 tons of shipping.

Grayback ranked 20th among all submarines in total tonnage sunk with 63,835 tons and 24th in number of ships sunk with 14. The submarine and crew had received two Navy Unit Commendations for their seventh, eighth, ninth, and tenth war patrols.

Grayback received eight battle stars for World War II service.
   
Comments/Citation
Not Specified
   
 Photo Album   (More...



World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater
From Month/Year
December / 1941
To Month/Year
September / 1945

Description
The plan of the Pacific subseries was determined by the geography, strategy, and the military organization of a theater largely oceanic. Two independent, coordinate commands, one in the Southwest Pacific under General of the Army Douglas MacArthur and the other in the Central, South, and North Pacific (Pacific Ocean Areas) under Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, were created early in the war. Except in the South and Southwest Pacific, each conducted its own operations with its own ground, air, and naval forces in widely separated areas. These operations required at first only a relatively small number of troops whose efforts often yielded strategic gains which cannot be measured by the size of the forces involved. Indeed, the nature of the objectivesùsmall islands, coral atolls, and jungle-bound harbors and airstrips, made the employment of large ground forces impossible and highlighted the importance of air and naval operations. Thus, until 1945, the war in the Pacific progressed by a double series of amphibious operations each of which fitted into a strategic pattern developed in Washington.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Month/Year
January / 1943
To Month/Year
December / 1943
 
Last Updated:
Mar 16, 2020
   
Personal Memories

Memories
Eighth Patrol
Arriving Pearl Harbor on 12 September 1943, Grayback prepared for her eighth war patrol. Sailing 26 September with Shad (SS-235), she rendezvoused with Cero (SS-225) at Midway Island to form the first of the Submarine Force's highly successful wolf packs. The three submarines under Captain "Swede" Momsen in Cero, cruised the China Sea and returned to base with claims of 38,000 tons sunk and 3300 damaged. Grayback accounted for two ships, a passenger-cargo vessel torpedoed 14 October and a former light cruiser, Awata Maru, torpedoed after an end-around run on a fast convoy 22 October. Wolf pack tactics came into play 2 October as Grayback closed a convoy already attacked by Shad and sunk a 9000-ton transport listing from two of Shad?s torpedoes. The submarines had now expended all torpedoes, and on 10 November they returned to Midway.

   
Units Participated in Operation

USS Wilkes Barre (CL-103)

 
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  364 Also There at This Battle:
  • Anderson, Lawrence, PO2, (1940-1947)
  • Bibb, James, PO2, (1942-1945)
  • Bivin, Homer Richard, CAPT, (1941-1976)
  • Boatwright, General, PO3, (2005-2007)
  • Bridgeman, William Barton, LT, (1941-1947)
  • Brown, Mervin Thomas, LCDR, (1930-1960)
  • Brown, Perry Thompson, C.B., (1942-1945)
  • Carmichael, Daniel Archibald, CAPT, (1942-1965)
  • Cass, Harry, PO2, (1942-1952)
  • CORY, AL, MCPO, (1940-1970)
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