Calvin, Ardell Bernard, S1c

Deceased
 
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Last Rank
Seaman 1st Class
Last Primary NEC
QM-0000-Quartermaster
Last Rating/NEC Group
Quartermaster
Primary Unit
1944-1946, QM-0000, USS Laurens (APA-153)
Service Years
1943 - 1945
QM-Quartermaster
Seaman 1st Class

 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Minnesota
Minnesota
Year of Birth
1911
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by William Conner (Will)-Association Page Admin to remember Calvin, Ardell Bernard (Cal), SN1C.

If you knew or served with this Sailor and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Chicago, IL
Last Address
Santa Rosa, California

Date of Passing
Dec 19, 2002
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
I have created this Memorial Profile to honor my Grandfather, he died December 19, 2002...  I miss him very much...  He was drafted and served in the Navy; 2 Years, 7 Months, 21 Days, from 1943 to December 1945

I was going through some of my Grandfather's belongings and found a chart...  The chart includes the entire sailing route of the Laurens, from Oakland, all throughout the Pacific, New Guinea, New Caledonia, Guadalcanal, Philipines, Saipan, Okinawa, and into Japan, and then back to Seattle at the end of the war... I would gladly copy it and send it to anyone who served on her...
 
   
Other Comments:
The USS LAURENS, an Attack Transport, was launched by Oregon
Shipbuilding Corp., Portland, OR, under Maritime
Commission contract; sponsored by Mrs. James C. Black;
acquired by the US Navy on 7 September 1944; and commissioned the
same day, Capt. A. R. Ponto in command.  

Numbered APA-153, a Haskell Class Vessel, (Victory Ship hull).

After shakedown along the California coast, the LAURENS
departed Oakland, CA, 26 October 1944, arriving Lae, New Guinea, 
12 November 1944.  For the next month she operated out of New
Guinea and New Caledonia, training in preparation for the
Lingayen Gulf landings.  Forwarded to Guadalcanal in
mid-December, the LAURENS loaded over 1,400 troops and proceeded
to Manus, Admiralty Islands.

The LAURENS departed Manus 2 January 1945 and arrived in
Lingayen Gulf to land troops off San Fabian, Philippine
Islands, 9 days later.  She stood out of Lingayen Gulf on
the 12th, returning to New Guinea 27 January.  During
February she made another cruise to the Philippines
transporting forces to Leyte and remained there in
preparation for the Okinawa campaign.

On 27 March 1945, LAURENS steamed out of Leyte Gulf for
Okinawa, doorstep to Japan.  The first wave of troops hit
the beach 1 April 1945, while the LAURENS arrived in the
transport area 9 miles offshore.  They continued landing
troops and cargo until she sailed for Saipan, 6 April
arriving there 4 days later.

During May, the LAURENS was under repair at Pearl Harbor
and San Diego before returning Eniwetok 15 June 1945.  For
the next 6 weeks the transport operated among the islands,
transferring troops and supplies to various staging areas. 
After loading war veterans at Ulithi 31 July, the LAURENS sailed
the same day for San Francisco, arriving there 1 day before
the end of the war.

Following the Japanese surrender, the LAURENS carried
occupation troops to the Japanese home islands, then formed
a unit of the "Magic Carpet" fleet assigned to bring the
fighting men home.  She returned to Portland, OR,
8 January 1946, on her final "Magic Carpet" run from the Far
East.  The following month she sailed for the eastern
seaboard.

The LAURENS was decommissioned 10 April 1946 at Norfolk, VA,
and returned to the War Shipping Administration 13 April
1946.  On 2 May 1956, the LAURENS entered the National Defense
Reserve Fleet in the Hudson River, NY, where she remained
into late 1967.

The LAURENS received two battle stars for World War II service.

She was sold for scrap in 1988...

Haskell Class Attack Transport:
  • Laid down (date unknown) as a Maritime Commission type (VC2-S-AP5) hull under a Maritime Commission contract at Oregon Shipbuilding Group, Portland OR.
  • Launched (date unknown)
  • Acquired by the Navy from the Maritime Commission and Commissioned               USS Laurens (APA-153), 7 September 1944
  • Decommissioned, 10 April 1946, at Norfolk VA.
  • Returned to the Maritime Commission, 13 April 1946, for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, James River, Fort Eustis, VA.
  • Struck from the Naval Register (date unknown)
  • Towed for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Hudson River NY, 2 May 1956 to 1967

    Specifications:
    Displacement 6,873 t.(lt) 14,837 t.(fl)
    Length 455'
    Beam 62'
    Speed 19 kts.
    Complement 56 Officers 480 Enlisted
    Troop Accommodations 86 Officers 1,475 Enlisted
    Cargo Capacity 150,000 cu. ft, 2,900 tons
    Boats 2 LCM, 12 LCVP, 3 LCPU
    Armament 1 5"/38 dual-purpose gun mount, 4 twin 40mm gun mounts, 10 single 20mm gun mounts
    Propulsion 1 Westinghouse geared turbine, 2 Combustion Engineering header-type boilers, 1 propeller, Design shaft horsepower 8,500

   
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World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Luzon Campaign (1944-45)
Start Year
1944
End Year
1945

Description
On December 15, 1944, landings against minimal resistance were made on the southern beaches of the island of Mindoro, a key location in the planned Lingayen Gulf operations, in support of major landings scheduled on Luzon. On January 9, 1945, on the south shore of Lingayen Gulf on the western coast of Luzon, General Krueger's Sixth Army landed his first units. Almost 175,000 men followed across the twenty-mile (32 km) beachhead within a few days. With heavy air support, Army units pushed inland, taking Clark Field, 40 miles (64 km) northwest of Manila, in the last week of January.

Two more major landings followed, one to cut off the Bataan Peninsula, and another, that included a parachute drop, south of Manila. Pincers closed on the city and, on February 3, 1945, elements of the U.S. 1st Cavalry Division pushed into the northern outskirts of Manila and the 8th Cavalry Regiment (organized as infantry) passed through the northern suburbs and into the city itself.

As the advance on Manila continued from the north and the south, the Bataan Peninsula was rapidly secured. On February 16, paratroopers and amphibious units simultaneously assaulted the islet of Corregidor. It was necessary to take this stronghold because troops there can block the entrance of Manila Bay. The Americans needed to establish a major harbor base at Manila Bay to support the expected invasion of Japan, planned to begin on November 1, 1945. Resistance on Corregidor ended on February 27, and then all resistance by the Japanese Empire ceased on August 15, 1945, obviating the need for an invasion of the Japanese Home Islands.

Despite initial optimism, fighting in Manila was harsh. It took until March 3 to clear the city of all Japanese troops, and the Japanese Marines, who fought on stubbornly and refused to either surrender or to evacuate as the Japanese Army had done. Fort Drum, a fortified island in Manila Bay near Corregidor, held out until 13 April, when a team of Army troops went ashore and pumped 3,000 gallons of diesel fuel into the fort, then set off incendiary charges. No Japanese soldiers in Fort Drum survived the blast and fire.

In all, ten U.S. divisions and five independent regiments battled on Luzon, making it the largest American campaign of the Pacific war, involving more troops than the United States had used in North Africa, Italy, or southern France.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1944
To Year
1945
 
Last Updated:
Nov 2, 2014
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  421 Also There at This Battle:
  • Albanesi, Thomas, PO1, (1943-1946)
  • Bagby, Henry Lawton, CAPT, (1941-1970)
  • Beckwith, John Edward, S1c, (1942-1945)
  • Block, Charles John, CPO, (1938-1945)
  • Bolmgren, Mary
  • Booth, Robert Douglas, PO2, (1943-1945)
  • Brewster, Donald, PO3, (1943-1946)
  • Campbell, Donald Christenberry, ENS, (1943-1945)
  • Coggins, Royal Joseph, S1c, (1942-1946)
  • Colvin, Victor Morgan, F1c, (1944-1945)
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