Brewer, Charles Walter, Jr., CDR

Fallen
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Commander
Last Primary NEC
131X-Unrestricted Line Officer - Pilot
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1944-1944, 131X, USS Essex (CV-9)
Service Years
1934 - 1944
Commander
Commander

 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Year of Birth
1911
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Michael D. Withers (Mike), OSCS to remember Brewer, Charles Walter, Jr., CDR.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Clinton
Last Address
Tulsa

Casualty Date
Jun 19, 1944
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Air Loss, Crash - Sea
Location
Guam
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
Courts of the Missing at the Honolulu Memorial - Honolulu, Hawaii
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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 Military Association Memberships
World War II FallenWW II Memorial National RegistryThe National Gold Star Family RegistryUnited States Navy Memorial
  2013, World War II Fallen [Verified]
  2013, WW II Memorial National Registry
  2013, The National Gold Star Family Registry
  2013, United States Navy Memorial [Verified] - Assoc. Page

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World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Mariana and Palau Islands Campaign (1944)
Start Year
1944
End Year
1944

Description
The Mariana and Palau Islands campaign, also known as Operation Forager, was an offensive launched by United States forces against Imperial Japanese forces in the Mariana Islands and Palau in the Pacific Ocean between June and November, 1944 during the Pacific War. The United States offensive, under the overall command of Chester Nimitz, followed the Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign and was intended to neutralize Japanese bases in the central Pacific, support the Allied drive to retake the Philippines, and provide bases for a strategic bombing campaign against Japan.

Beginning the offensive, United States Marine Corps and United States Army forces, with support from the United States Navy, executed landings on Saipan in June, 1944. In response, the Imperial Japanese Navy's combined fleet sortied to attack the U.S. Navy fleet supporting the landings. In the resulting aircraft carrier Battle of the Philippine Sea (the so-called “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”) on 19–20 June, the Japanese naval forces were decisively defeated with heavy and irreplaceable losses to their carrier-borne and land-based aircraft.

Thereafter, U.S. forces executed landings on Guam and Tinian in July, 1944. After heavy fighting, Saipan was secured in July and Guam and Tinian in August, 1944. The U.S. then constructed airfields on Saipan and Tinian where B-29s were based to conduct strategic bombing missions against the Japanese mainland until the end of World War II, including the nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

In the meantime, in order to secure the flank for U.S. forces preparing to attack Japanese forces in the Philippines, in September, 1944, U.S. Marine and Army forces landed on the islands of Peleliu and Angaur in Palau. After heavy and intense combat on Peleliu, the island was finally secured by U.S. forces in November, 1944.

Following their landings in the Mariana and Palau Islands, Allied forces continued their ultimately successful campaign against Japan by landing in the Philippines in October, 1944 and the Volcano and Ryukyu Islands beginning in January, 1945.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1944
To Year
1944
 
Last Updated:
Jul 18, 2009
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  556 Also There at This Battle:
  • Adling, Richard
  • Barr, John Andrew, PO3, (1943-1946)
  • Besson, John Henry, RADM, (1931-1959)
  • Block, Charles John, CPO, (1938-1945)
  • Booth, Robert Douglas, PO2, (1943-1945)
  • Breaux, Calvin, SN, (1944-1946)
  • Brewster, Donald, PO3, (1943-1946)
  • Brownlow, JD, PO2, (1943-1946)
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