Payne, Morgan A., PO1

Fallen
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
View Time Line
Last Rank
Gunner's Mate 1st Class
Last Primary NEC
GMG-0000-Gunner's Mate Guns
Last Rating/NEC Group
Gunner's Mate G (Guns)
Primary Unit
1945-1945, Commander in Chief Pacific Fleet (CINCPACFLT)/Commander Pacific Fleet (COMPACFLT)
Service Years
1942 - 1945
Official/Unofficial US Navy Certificates
Order of the Golden Dragon
Panama Canal
Plank Owner
GMG-Gunner's Mate G (Guns)

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

4 kb

Home State
Tennessee
Tennessee
Year of Birth
1925
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Bersley H. Thomas, Jr. (Tom), SMCS to remember Payne, Morgan A. (KIA), GMG1.

If you knew or served with this Sailor and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Casualty Info
Home Town
Murpheesboro
Last Address
Murpheesboro

Casualty Date
Apr 11, 1945
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Other Explosive Device
Location
Okinawa
Conflict
World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Okinawa Gunto Operation
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 

Order of the Golden Dragon


 Military Association Memberships
Military Order of Foreign Wars of the United StatesNational Association of Destroyer Veterans (Tin Can Sailors)Military Order of the World Wars (MOWW)
  1941, Military Order of Foreign Wars of the United States - Assoc. Page
  1943, National Association of Destroyer Veterans (Tin Can Sailors) [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  1945, Military Order of the World Wars (MOWW)



Central Pacific Campaign (1941-43)/Marshall Islands Operation
Start Year
1943
End Year
1943

Description
In the Pacific Theater of World War II, the Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign, from November 1943 through February 1944, were key strategic operations of the United States Pacific Fleet and Marine Corps in the Central Pacific. The purpose was to establish airfields that would allow land based air support for the upcoming operations across the Central Pacific. The campaign began with a costly three-day battle for the island of Betio at the Tarawa atoll. The campaign was preceded a year earlier by a diversionary raid on Makin Island by U.S. Marines in August, 1942.
About 4,000 kilometers southwest of the Hawaii Islands, the Marshall Islands represented part of the perimeter of the Japanese Pacific empire. The former German colony was given to Japan after the closure of WW1, and had since been an important part of both offensive and defensive plans of the Japanese Navy. By the end of 1943, Admiral Mineichi Koga of the Japanese Combined Fleet knew the Americans were eyeing the islands, but he could not figure out where they would strike. His difficulties were further complicated by the lack of carrier aircraft, as they were taken away from him in an attempt to reinforce land-based squadrons. With his hands tied, all Koga could do was to send his submarines out as forward observers and order the regional commander in Truk Admiral Masashi Kobayashi to reinforce the island garrisons that were most exposed to American attacks. Kobayashi shifted men to the outer islands of Jaluit, Mili, Wotje, and Maloelap. In total, Kobayashi had 28,000 troops available to him in the Marshall Islands. For a garrison that size ground fortifications were sub-par, but that was rather by design at this stage of the war, for that Tokyo had since decided that the Marshall Islands were to serve only as a part of a delay action campaign. The new defensive perimeter was to be established much closer to the home islands.

American intelligence decoded Japanese messages and detected movements for the outer islands, and decided to change the invasion plans. Unbeknownst to the Japanese, the Americans were now bypassing the reinforced outer islands; they were now directly attacking Kwajalein and Eniwetok.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1943
To Year
1943
 
Last Updated:
Oct 6, 2017
   
Personal Memories

Memories
On 11 January, 1944 Kidd sailed for the forward area, touched at Espiritu Santo, then sailed the next day for Funafuti, arriving 19 January. During the invasion of the Marshall Islands 29 January to 8 February, Kidd screened heavy ships and bombarded Roi and Wotje, then anchored at Kwajalein 26 February.

   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  99 Also There at This Battle:
 
  • Deschenes, Alfred Joseph, CPO, (1942-1970)
  • Earnest, Albert, CAPT, (1941-1972)
  • Freeman, Harold, CMC, (1943-1975)
  • Kundrot, Vity
  • Lucas, Charles S., PO3, (1943-1946)
  • Nicoll, John J., PO2, (1943-1946)
  • Scalza, Louis, PO2, (1943-1946)
  • Smith, Jakie, S2c, (1943-1946)
  • Soucy, Ronald, PO2, (1942-1945)
  • Webb, Robert, PO3, (1941-1946)
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