Black, Charlie, S1c

Fallen
 
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Last Rank
Seaman 1st Class
Last Primary NEC
S1c-0000-Seaman 1st Class
Last Rating/NEC Group
Seaman First Class
Primary Unit
1943-1944, S1c-0000, USS Rich (DE-695)
Service Years
1943 - 1944
Seaman 1st Class

 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home Country
United States
United States
Year of Birth
Not Specified
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Nicole Summers, MMFN to remember Black, Charlie, S1c.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Not Specified
Last Address
Not Specified

Casualty Date
Jun 08, 1944
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Other Explosive Device
Location
France
Conflict
World War II/European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Normandy Campaign (1944)/Operation Overlord
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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World War II/European-African-Middle Eastern Theater
Start Year
1941
End Year
1945

Description
The European-Mediterranean-Middle East Theater was a major theater of operations during the Second World War (between December 7, 1941, and March 2, 1946). The vast size of Europe, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre saw interconnected naval, land, and air campaigns fought for control of the Mediterranean, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, and Europe. The fighting in this theatre lasted from 10 June 1940, when Italy entered the war on the side of Germany, until 2 May 1945 when all Axis forces in Italy surrendered. However, fighting would continue in Greece – where British troops had been dispatched to aid the Greek government – during the early stages of the Greek Civil War.

The British referred to this theatre as the Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre (so called due to the location of the fighting and the name of the headquarters that controlled the initial fighting: Middle East Command) while the Americans called the theatre of operations the Mediterranean Theatre of War. The German official history of the fighting is dubbed 'The Mediterranean, South-East Europe, and North Africa 1939–1942'. Regardless of the size of the theatre, the various campaigns were not seen as neatly separated areas of operations but part of one vast theatre of war.

Fascist Italy aimed to carve out a new Roman Empire, while British forces aimed initially to retain the status quo. Italy launched various attacks around the Mediterranean, which were largely unsuccessful. With the introduction of German forces, Yugoslavia and Greece were overrun. Allied and Axis forces engaged in back and forth fighting across North Africa, with Axis interference in the Middle East causing fighting to spread there. With confidence high from early gains, German forces planned elaborate attacks to be launched to capture the Middle East and then to possibly attack the southern border of the Soviet Union. However, following three years of fighting, Axis forces were defeated in North Africa and their interference in the Middle East was halted. Allied forces then commenced an invasion of Southern Europe, resulting in the Italians switching sides and deposing Mussolini. A prolonged battle for Italy took place, and as the strategic situation changed in southeast Europe, British troops returned to Greece.

The theatre of war, the longest during the Second World War, resulted in the destruction of the Italian Empire and altered the strategic position of Germany resulting in numerous German divisions being deployed to Africa and Italy and total losses (including those captured upon final surrender) being over half a million. Italian losses, in the theatre, amount to around to 177,000 men with a further several hundred thousand captured during the process of the various campaigns. British losses amount to over 300,000 men killed, wounded, or captured, and total American losses in the region amounted to 130,000.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1943
To Year
1944
 
Last Updated:
May 12, 2017
   
Personal Memories

Memories
Rich was primarily engaged in coastal escort and patrol duty with Escort Division 19 until the end of February 1944. At this time, CORTDIV 19 consisted of the destroyer escorts Rich, Bull, Bunch, Bates, Amesbury, and Blessman. Then assigned to transatlantic escort work, she completed three round-trip crossings by May. On 10 May, 1944, Rich departed New York City in escort of a convoy to Britain in what would be her last transit of the North Atlantic.

   
Units Participated in Operation

USS Andres (DE-45)

 
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  447 Also There at This Battle:
  • Abbott, Earl James, Cox, (1943-1946)
  • Adams, Richard W, PO2, (1943-1947)
  • Atkins, Ozell, LCDR, (1943-1946)
  • Barr, Eldon
  • Baylor, Warner, LCDR, (1942-1963)
  • Brandrup, Claus, PO2, (1942-1945)
  • Brannon, Roscoe, CPO, (1939-1969)
  • Brown, Kendal Harold, CPO, (1915-1944)
  • Brown, Perry Thompson, C.B., (1942-1945)
  • Brown, Ronald, SCPO, (1943-1968)
  • Campbell, Donald Christenberry, ENS, (1943-1945)
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