Allen, Robert Orville, Cox

Fallen
 
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Last Rank
Coxswain
Last Primary NEC
COX-0000-Coxswain
Last Rating/NEC Group
COX
Primary Unit
1940-1943, COX-0000, USS Helena (CL-50)
Service Years
1940 - 1943
COX-Coxswain

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

43 kb

Home State
Indiana
Indiana
Year of Birth
1917
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Nicole Summers, MMFN to remember Allen, Robert Orville, Cox.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Rockport, IN
Last Address
Rockport, IN

Casualty Date
Jul 06, 1943
 
Cause
Hostile-Body Not Recovered
Reason
Artillery, Rocket, Mortar
Location
Pacific Ocean
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
Alexander Cemetery - Patronville, Indiana
Wall/Plot Coordinates
(memorial marker)

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 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

COX Allen wa stationed aboard the USS Helena was it was sunk on July 6, 1943. His body was not recovered and he was later declared dead.
   
Comments/Citation

Service number: 2916403

Navy Unit Commendation
For outstanding heroism in action against enemy Japanese forces afloat in the Solomon Islands - New Georgia Areas. Gallantly carrying the fight to the enemy, the USS HELENA opened the night Battle of Cape Esperance on 11-12 October 1942 boldly sending her fire into the force of enemy warships, sinking a hostile destroyer and holding to a minimum the damage to our destroyers in the rear of the Task Force. She engaged at close quarters a superior force of hostile combatant ships in the Battle of Guadalcanal on the night of 12-13 November 1942, rallying our own forces after the Flag Ship had been disabled and contributing to the enemy's defeat. In her final engagement in the pre-dawn battle of 5-6 July 1943, the HELENA valiantly sailed down the restricted and submarine-infested waters of Kula Gulf under the terrific torpedo and gun fire of the enemy to bombard Kolombangara and New Georgia while covering the landing of our troops at Rice Anchorage, and twenty-four hours later, her blazing guns aided in the destruction of a vastly superior enemy naval force before she was fatally struck by Japanese torpedoes. Her brave record of combat achievement is evidence of the HELENA'S intrepidity and the heroic fighting spirit of her officers and men.
 
   
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World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/New Georgia Campaign (1943)
Start Year
1943
End Year
1943

Description
This operation was fought during the Pacific war on this group of islands situated in the central Solomons. US forces invaded them as part of an American offensive (CARTWHEEL) to isolate and neutralize Rabaul, the main Japanese base in their South-East Area.

On 20 June 1943 a Raider battalion (, 5(f)) landed at Segi Point on the main island, New Georgia, and during the next two weeks there were other landings by US Marines and 43rd US Division on Rendova and Vangunu islands, and on western New Georgia, to seize a Japanese airstrip at Munda point. Despite the US Navy's intervention, which resulted in the battles of Kula Gulf and Kolombangara, 4,000 reinforcements were successfully dispatched to the commander of the 10,500-strong Japanese garrison, Maj-General Sasaki Noboru. Most reinforced Munda, which became the focus of Japanese resistance, and their night infiltration tactics unnerved the inexperienced US troops. Non-battle casualties, caused by exhaustion and ‘war neuroses’, increased alarmingly, and when the commander of 14th Corps, Maj-General Oscar Griswold, arrived on 11 July he reported the division was ‘about to fold up’. The 37th US Division was brought in, Griswold replaced the worst affected units, and he then launched a corps attack on 25 July. Fierce fighting followed but by 1August the Japanese, outnumbered and outgunned, had withdrawn inland. This time US Navy destroyers prevented more reinforcements reaching them when, on the night of 6/7August, they sank three Japanese transports (battle of Vella Gulf).

Munda now became the base of Marine Corps squadrons which supported landings on Vella Lavella on 15 August. These bypassed and isolated Sasaki's garrison now gathering on Kolombangara after further US reinforcements, elements of 25th US Division, had failed to destroy them on New Georgia. On 15 September Sasaki was ordered to withdraw. In a brilliantly organized evacuation 9,400 men out of the 12,500 on Kolombangara were rescued by landing craft, and the following month those on Vella Lavella were also evacuated.

The campaign proved costly for the Americans who had 1,094 killed and 3,873 wounded with thousands more becoming non-battle casualties. Excluding the fighting on Vella Lavella, 2,483 Japanese bodies were counted. Planned as a one-division operation, the Japanese garrison's ‘skill, tenacity, and valor’—to quote the campaign's official US historian—eventually made it one where elements of four had to be used. ‘The obstinate General Sasaki,’ the same historian concludes, ‘deserved his country's gratitude for his gallant and able conduct.’
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1943
To Year
1943
 
Last Updated:
Nov 1, 2014
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  98 Also There at This Battle:
 
  • Brosnan, Ryan
  • Gardner, George, PO1, (1940-1946)
  • Garrett, Earl, PO2, (1941-1953)
  • Ludemann, Herbert, PO2, (1942-1946)
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