Watson, Richard G., Jr., LTJG

Line Officer
 
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Life Member
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Current Service Status
USN Veteran
Current/Last Rank
Lieutenant Junior Grade
Current/Last Primary Designator/NEC
135X-Unrestricted Line Officer - Naval Aviation Support
Current/Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1960-1968, Naval Reserve Forces Command
Previously Held Designator/NEC
AD-0000-Aviation Machinist's Mate
AD-8243-A-3 Plane Captain (Flight Crew)
AWF-0000-Naval Aircrewman Mechanical
Service Years
1939 - 1968
Voice Edition
Lieutenant Junior Grade Lieutenant Junior Grade

 Official Badges 

WW II Honorable Discharge Pin


 Unofficial Badges 

Order of the Shellback US Navy Honorable Discharge


 Military Association Memberships
Military Officers Association of America (MOAA)VP-44  Golden Pelicans AssociationMilitary Order of the World Wars (MOWW)Korean War Veterans Association (KWVA)
WW II Memorial National RegistryNaval Aviation Museum FoundationNavy League of the United StatesUnited States Navy Memorial
Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States (VFW)United States Naval InstituteAssociation of Aviation OrdnancemenLas Vegas Wings Chapter
American LegionMaritime Patrol Association
  1958, Military Officers Association of America (MOAA) [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  1979, VP-44 Golden Pelicans Association - Assoc. Page
  1993, Military Order of the World Wars (MOWW) [Verified]
  1995, Korean War Veterans Association (KWVA) [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  1995, WW II Memorial National Registry [Verified]
  1995, Naval Aviation Museum Foundation [Verified]
  1996, Navy League of the United States [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  1996, United States Navy Memorial [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  1997, Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States (VFW) [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  2005, United States Naval Institute [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  2007, Association of Aviation Ordnancemen [Verified]
  2009, Distinguished Flying Cross Society(DFCS), Las Vegas Wings Chapter (Member At Large) (Las Vegas, NV , Nevada) - Chap. Page
  2011, American Legion [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  2011, Maritime Patrol Association1


 Additional Information
What are you doing now:
I am enjolying retirement with family and friends.
   
Other Comments:
My Naval Assignments have included many reserve squadrons that are not listed in the matrix. They are as follows:

VP-907, Plankowner, commissioned July 4, 1946 and redesignated VP-ML-57 on November 15, 1946. In February 1950, the unit was redesignated to VP-871 at which time I transferred back to active duty in February 1951. The unit was redesignated VP-19 in February 1953.

I was subsequently transferred from VP-871 to VR-5, Moffet Field, CA in September 1952 and remained there until December 1954, upon going to the active reserve with VP-871 until 1957. I was then transferred to ZP-871 (Blimp Squadron) as A/C Maintenence Officer from 1958-1960 and went inactive in 1960.
I am a qualified Flight Engineer in the following aircraft:PBY-5& 5A,PB2Y-3,PB4Y-2,R6D-1,PV-2,and the R6V.While in VR-5 I recieved a FAA Flight Engineers License and a FAA A&E license.I had already gotten my pilots license in 1949.

On November 7 2007 I was honored to be inducted into the Combat Aircrew Roll of honor on the USS Yorktown
CV 10.
   

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World War II
Start Year
1941
End Year
1945

Description
Overview of World War II 

World War II killed more people, involved more nations, and cost more money than any other war in history. Altogether, 70 million people served in the armed forces during the war, and 17 million combatants died. Civilian deaths were ever greater. At least 19 million Soviet civilians, 10 million Chinese, and 6 million European Jews lost their lives during the war.

World War II was truly a global war. Some 70 nations took part in the conflict, and fighting took place on the continents of Africa, Asia, and Europe, as well as on the high seas. Entire societies participated as soldiers or as war workers, while others were persecuted as victims of occupation and mass murder.

World War II cost the United States a million causalities and nearly 400,000 deaths. In both domestic and foreign affairs, its consequences were far-reaching. It ended the Depression, brought millions of married women into the workforce, initiated sweeping changes in the lives of the nation's minority groups, and dramatically expanded government's presence in American life.

The War at Home & Abroad

On September 1, 1939, World War II started when Germany invaded Poland. By November 1942, the Axis powers controlled territory from Norway to North Africa and from France to the Soviet Union. After defeating the Axis in North Africa in May 1941, the United States and its Allies invaded Sicily in July 1943 and forced Italy to surrender in September. On D-Day, June 6, 1944, the Allies landed in Northern France. In December, a German counteroffensive (the Battle of the Bulge) failed. Germany surrendered in May 1945.

The United States entered the war following a surprise attack by Japan on the U.S. Pacific fleet in Hawaii. The United States and its Allies halted Japanese expansion at the Battle of Midway in June 1942 and in other campaigns in the South Pacific. From 1943 to August 1945, the Allies hopped from island to island across the Central Pacific and also battled the Japanese in China, Burma, and India. Japan agreed to surrender on August 14, 1945 after the United States dropped the first atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Consequences:

1. The war ended Depression unemployment and dramatically expanded government's presence in American life. It led the federal government to create a War Production Board to oversee conversion to a wartime economy and the Office of Price Administration to set prices on many items and to supervise a rationing system.

2. During the war, African Americans, women, and Mexican Americans founded new opportunities in industry. But Japanese Americans living on the Pacific coast were relocated from their homes and placed in internment camps.

The Dawn of the Atomic Age

In 1939, Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Roosevelt, warning him that the Nazis might be able to build an atomic bomb. On December 2, 1942, Enrico Fermi, an Italian refugee, produced the first self-sustained, controlled nuclear chain reaction in Chicago.

To ensure that the United States developed a bomb before Nazi Germany did, the federal government started the secret $2 billion Manhattan Project. On July 16, 1945, in the New Mexico desert near Alamogordo, the Manhattan Project's scientists exploded the first atomic bomb.

It was during the Potsdam negotiations that President Harry Truman learned that American scientists had tested the first atomic bomb. On August 6, 1945, the Enola Gay, a B-29 Superfortress, released an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan. Between 80,000 and 140,000 people were killed or fatally wounded. Three days later, a second bomb fell on Nagasaki. About 35,000 people were killed. The following day Japan sued for peace.

President Truman's defenders argued that the bombs ended the war quickly, avoiding the necessity of a costly invasion and the probable loss of tens of thousands of American lives and hundreds of thousands of Japanese lives. His critics argued that the war might have ended even without the atomic bombings. They maintained that the Japanese economy would have been strangled by a continued naval blockade, and that Japan could have been forced to surrender by conventional firebombing or by a demonstration of the atomic bomb's power.

The unleashing of nuclear power during World War II generated hope of a cheap and abundant source of energy, but it also produced anxiety among large numbers of people in the United States and around the world.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1942
To Year
1945
 
Last Updated:
Sep 19, 2014
   
Personal Memories

People You Remember
Crew#12,PPC LTJG Robert Felmuth,ENS.Chadron Hunter,NAP1c Gordon Merrow,PC,Vernon Holden.
January flew 6 patrol missions(11.5-12 hours) out of Segond Channel Espiritu Santos tended by the USS Curtis.These missions were toward the Japanese Island of Nauru and to increase our range we would land at Vanikoro Island in the Santa Cruz group,supported by WW1 destroyers turned seaplane tenders the USS Ballard and the USS Thornton,USS Mackinac also was used.In February we had 6 more patrol missions and the the skipper LCDR Rosy Rosasco,took our crew to Halavo Beach,Florida Island to pick up a coast watcher that was to relieve the coast watcher on the island.We flew 3 more patrols and on Feb 28 we had our first dogfight with a Betty.I had the starboard waist .50 and I was able to get off some good bursts at him and he veered off Felmeth was able to stay away from his 20mm and after about 15 minutes he gave up and headed back to Nauru.March 10 missions with no incident.April7 we made contact with another Betty,he came up on our port quarter and made crossing runs to to our starboard,both waist guns got off some good bursts from about a 300 yard range.We took hits in the cockpit,port wing and tail section,but no casualties.May we were sent to Halavo Beach and on the 14th we went up to New Georgia on the other side of the Island from Munda to provision coast watchers and brought one of them back to Guadalcanal,we had a six plane fighter escort,3 F4F's,2 P-39's and a P-38.Had 2 more patrols that month.June we had 3 more patrols and a night ASW a round trip to Ile Nou and we were relieved on the last of June.I was overseas for 17 months the first trip.

   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
 (More..)
VP-44 Crew 12  June 1943
Night Attack on Nauru Island By VP-44
Christamas 1942
USS Curtis

  1986 Also There at This Battle:
  • Abbott, Floyd Eugene, PO3, (1943-1946)
  • Abramson, Arthur, LT, (1942-1945)
  • Agesen, Bruce Martin, LCDR, (1942-1966)
  • Ahlfs, Jerold Francis, CDR, (1940-1954)
  • Albertson, Dean Howard, LTJG, (1943-1953)
  • Alexander, William Patrick, S2c, (1942-1945)
  • Alexatos, Michael Stephen, CAPT, (1942-1970)
  • Ambellan, Charles Herbert, CAPT, (1942-1970)
  • Anderson, Leroy Marvin, LT, (1942-1946)
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