Black, Charlie, S1c

Fallen
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
35 kb
View Time Line
Last Rank
Seaman 1st Class
Last Primary NEC
S1c-0000-Seaman 1st Class
Last Rating/NEC Group
Seaman First Class
Primary Unit
1943-1944, S1c-0000, USS Rich (DE-695)
Service Years
1943 - 1944
Seaman 1st Class

 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home Country
United States
United States
Year of Birth
Not Specified
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Nicole Summers, MMFN to remember Black, Charlie, S1c.

If you knew or served with this Sailor and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Casualty Info
Home Town
Not Specified
Last Address
Not Specified

Casualty Date
Jun 08, 1944
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Other Explosive Device
Location
France
Conflict
World War II/European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Normandy Campaign (1944)/Operation Overlord
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 





 Photo Album   (More...



Normandy Campaign (1944)/Operation Overlord
Start Year
1944
End Year
1944

Description
The Normandy landings (codenamed Operation Neptune) were the landing operations on 6 June 1944 (termed D-Day) of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II. The largest seaborne invasion in history, the operation began the invasion of German-occupied western Europe, led to the restoration of the French Republic, and contributed to an Allied victory in the war.

Planning for the operation began in 1943. In the months leading up to the invasion, the Allies conducted a substantial military deception, codenamed Operation Bodyguard, to mislead the Germans as to the date and location of the main Allied landings. The weather on D-Day was far from ideal, but postponing would have meant a delay of at least two weeks, as the invasion planners had requirements for the phase of the moon, the tides, and the time of day that meant only a few days in each month were deemed suitable. Hitler placed German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel in command of German forces and of developing fortifications along the Atlantic Wall in anticipation of an Allied invasion.

The amphibious landings were preceded by extensive aerial and naval bombardment and an airborne assault—the landing of 24,000 British, US, and Canadian airborne troops shortly after midnight. Allied infantry and armoured divisions began landing on the coast of France starting at 06:30. The target 50-mile (80 km) stretch of the Normandy coast was divided into five sectors: Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno, and Sword Beach. Strong winds blew the landing craft east of their intended positions, particularly at Utah and Omaha. The men landed under heavy fire from gun emplacements overlooking the beaches, and the shore was mined and covered with obstacles such as wooden stakes, metal tripods, and barbed wire, making the work of the beach clearing teams difficult and dangerous. Casualties were heaviest at Omaha, with its high cliffs. At Gold, Juno, and Sword, several fortified towns were cleared in house-to-house fighting, and two major gun emplacements at Gold were disabled using specialised tanks.

The Allies failed to achieve all of their goals on the first day. Carentan, St. Lô, and Bayeux remained in German hands, and Caen, a major objective, was not captured until 21 July. Only two of the beaches (Juno and Gold) were linked on the first day, and all five bridgeheads were not connected until 12 June. However, the operation gained a foothold that the Allies gradually expanded over the coming months. German casualties on D-Day were around 1,000 men. Allied casualties were at least 10,000, with 4,414 confirmed dead. Museums, memorials, and war cemeteries in the area host many visitors each year.

Operation Overlord was the code name for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied western Europe during World War II. The operation commenced on 6 June 1944 with the Normandy landings (Operation Neptune, commonly known as D-Day). A 1,200-plane airborne assault preceded an amphibious assault involving more than 5,000 vessels. Nearly 160,000 troops crossed the English Channel on 6 June, and more than three million allied troops were in France by the end of August.

The decision to undertake a cross-channel invasion in 1944 was taken at the Trident Conference in Washington in May 1943. General Dwight D. Eisenhower was appointed commander of Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), and General Bernard Montgomery was named as commander of the 21st Army Group, which comprised all the land forces involved in the invasion. The Normandy coast was chosen as the site of the invasion, with the Americans assigned to land at Utah and Omaha Beaches, the British at Sword and Gold Beaches, and Canadians at Juno Beach. To meet the conditions expected on the Normandy beachhead, special technology was developed, including two artificial ports called Mulberry harbours and an array of specialised tanks nicknamed Hobart's Funnies. In the months leading up to the invasion, the Allies conducted a substantial military deception, Operation Bodyguard, using both electronic and visual misinformation. This misled the Germans as to the date and location of the main Allied landings. Hitler placed German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel in charge of developing fortifications all along the Atlantic Wall in anticipation of an invasion.

The Allies failed to reach their goals for the first day, but gained a tenuous foothold that they gradually expanded as they captured the port at Cherbourg on 26 June and the city of Caen on 21 July. A failed counterattack by German forces on 8 August led to 50,000 soldiers of the German 7th Army being trapped in the Falaise pocket. The Allies launched an invasion of southern France (Operation Dragoon) on 15 August, and the Liberation of Paris followed on 25 August. German forces retreated across the Seine on 30 August 1944, marking the close of Operation Overlord.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1944
To Year
1944
 
Last Updated:
May 26, 2008
   
Personal Memories

Memories
Delayed by weather for 24 hours, the "U" force sailed for France on 5 June, with Rich in the screen of the bombardment group of TF 125. From the 6th to the 8th, she screened heavier units as they supplied gunfire support for the troops landed on the "Utah" beaches to the northwest of the Carentan Estuary. Soon after 0830 on 8 June, she was ordered to Fire Support Area 3 to assist Glennon (DD-840) which had struck a mine northwest of the Saint-Mareouf Islands. Closing Glennon, Rich dispatched a whaleboat only to learn that her assistance was not needed at that point. Rich then started to round the disabled ship and take up station ahead of the minesweeper which had taken Glennon in tow. At approximately 0920, a mine exploded 50 yards off Rich's starboard beam. Three minutes later, a second went off directly under the ship. Approximately 50 feet of her stern was blown off. A third mine delivered the final blow 2 minutes later. The forward section buckled. Rich was ordered abandoned. A few minutes later, she sank. Of her crew, 27 were killed; 73 wounded; and 62 missing.



Rich (DE-695) earned one battle star during World War II.

   
Units Participated in Operation

USS No Name (LST-523)

 
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  182 Also There at This Battle:
  • Abbott, Earl James, Cox, (1943-1946)
  • Adams, Richard W, PO2, (1943-1947)
  • Barr, Eldon
  • Brannon, Roscoe, CPO, (1939-1969)
  • Campbell, Donald Christenberry, ENS, (1943-1945)
  • Coy, Joseph W., PO1, (1944-1950)
  • Crum, C. Ross, PO1, (1941-1946)
  • Dusenbury, Robert, PO1, (1943-1967)
  • Feeney, John Martin, RDML, (1942-1962)
  • Floyd, Clifford Grosvenor, LT, (1942-1959)
  • Freeman, William, PO2, (1941-1945)
  • Goodman, Dave
  • Handy, Stephanie
  • Hatfield, Herman
  • Hoak, Joe
Copyright Togetherweserved.com Inc 2003-2011