Harwood, Bruce, CDR

Fallen
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Commander
Last Primary NEC
131X-Unrestricted Line Officer - Pilot
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1944-1944, 131X, USS Princeton (CVL-23)
Service Years
1935 - 1944
Official/Unofficial US Navy Certificates
Order of the Golden Dragon
Panama Canal
Commander
Commander

 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
California
California
Year of Birth
1910
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Tommy Burgdorf (Birddog), FC2 to remember Harwood, Bruce, CDR.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Clairemont
Last Address
Not Specified

Casualty Date
Oct 24, 1944
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Other Explosive Device
Location
Philippines
Conflict
World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Leyte Campaign (1944)
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 

Order of the Golden Dragon


 Military Association Memberships
Military Order of Foreign Wars of the United StatesMilitary Order of the World Wars (MOWW)
  1941, Military Order of Foreign Wars of the United States - Assoc. Page
  1945, Military Order of the World Wars (MOWW)

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Leyte Campaign (1944)/Battle of Leyte Gulf
Start Year
1944
End Year
1944

Description
The Battle of Leyte Gulf, also called the Battles for Leyte Gulf, and formerly known as the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea, is generally considered to be the largest naval battle of World War II and, by some criteria, possibly the largest naval battle in history.

It was fought in waters near the Philippine islands of Leyte, Samar and Luzon from 23–26 October 1944, between combined US and Australian forces and the Imperial Japanese Navy. On 20 October, United States troops invaded the island of Leyte as part of a strategy aimed at isolating Japan from the countries it had occupied in Southeast Asia, and in particular depriving its forces and industry of vital oil supplies. The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) mobilized nearly all of its remaining major naval vessels in an attempt to defeat the Allied invasion, but was repulsed by the US Navy's 3rd and 7th Fleets. The IJN failed to achieve its objective, suffered very heavy losses, and never afterwards sailed to battle in comparable force. The majority of its surviving heavy ships, deprived of fuel, remained in their bases for the rest of the Pacific War.

The Battle of Leyte Gulf consisted of four separate engagements between the opposing forces: the Battle of the Sibuyan Sea, the Battle of Surigao Strait, the Battle of Cape Engaño and the Battle off Samar, as well as other actions.

It was the first battle in which Japanese aircraft carried out organized kamikaze attacks. By the time of the battle, Japan had fewer aircraft than the Allied forces had sea vessels, demonstrating the difference in power of the two sides at this point of the war.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1944
To Year
1944
 
Last Updated:
Mar 16, 2020
   
Personal Memories

Memories
On the 20th, landings were made at Dulag and San Pedro Bay, Leyte. Princeton, in TG 38.3, cruised off Luzon and sent her planes against airfields there to prevent Japanese land based aircraft attacks on Allied ships massed in Leyte Gulf. On the 24th however, enemy planes from Clark and Nichols fields found TG 38.3 and reciprocated. Shortly before 1000, a lone enemy dive-bomber came out of the clouds above Princeton. At 1500 feet the pilot released his bomb. It hit between the elevators , crashed through the flight deck and hanger, then exploded. Initial fires soon expanded as further explosions sent black smoke rolling off the flight deck and red flames along the sides from the island to the stern. Covering vessels provided rescue and fire-fighting assistance and shielded the stricken carrier from further attack. At 1524, another, much heavier explosion, possibly the bomb magazine, blew off the carrier's stern and with it the after flight deck. Birmingham (CL-62), alongside t o fight fires, suffered heavy damage and casualties.

Efforts to save Princeton continued, but at 1604 the fires won. Boats were requested to take off remaining personnel and shortly after 1706, Irwin (DD-794) began to fire torpedoes at the burning hulk. At 1746, Reno (CL-96) relieved Irwin and at 1749 the last, and biggest, explosion occurred. Flames and debris shot up 1000-2000 feet. Princeton's forward section was gone. Her after section appeared momentarily through the smoke. By 1750 she had disappeared, but 1,36 1 of her crew survived. Included in that number was Capt. John M. Hoskins, who had been prospective commanding officer of CVL-23 and lost his right foot with her, but who, despite the loss, would become the 1st commanding officer of the fifth Princeto n (CV-37).

   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  446 Also There at This Battle:
  • Adling, Richard
  • Ball, Robert, PO1, (1942-1945)
  • Baxter, James
  • Beckwith, John Edward, S1c, (1942-1945)
  • Bedrosian, John, SN, (1944-1946)
  • Blanton, Osie, CPO, (1931-1952)
  • Breaux, Calvin, SN, (1944-1946)
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