Crommelin, John Geraerdt, Jr., RADM

Deceased
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Rear Admiral Upper Half
Last Primary NEC
131X-Unrestricted Line Officer - Pilot
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1949-1950, CNO - OPNAV/Pentagon Navy Command Center (NCC)
Service Years
1923 - 1950
Rear Admiral Upper Half
Rear Admiral Upper Half

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

20 kb

Home State
Alabama
Alabama
Year of Birth
1902
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Bersley H. Thomas, Jr. (Tom), SMCS to remember Crommelin, John Geraerdt, Jr., RADM USN(Ret).

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Contact Info
Home Town
Montgomery, AL
Last Address
Montgomery, AL

Date of Passing
Nov 02, 1996
 
Location of Interment
Greenwood Cemetery - Montgomery, Alabama
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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 Military Association Memberships
United States Navy Memorial
  2019, United States Navy Memorial - Assoc. Page


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

After his military service, John Crommeline operated part of his family plantation, named Harrogate Springs, in Elmore County, raising a variety of crops. He also ran unsuccessfully for various public offices. He was a candidate in the Democratic Presidential primary in New Hampshire in 1968 and also repeatedly announced himself as a candidate for the United States Senate. The National States Rights Party, advocating white supremacy, nominated him for Vice President in 1960.
   
Other Comments:

Legion of Honor
Awarded for Actions During World War II
Service: Navy
Rank: Captain
General Orders: Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 346 (January 1946)
Synopsis: Captain John G. Crommelin, Jr., United States Navy, was awarded the Legion of Merit for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the
United States as Chief of Staff of a carrier combat task group from 1 January 1944 to 8 August 1944.
   
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World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-42)
Start Year
1942
End Year
1943

Description
The Guadalcanal Campaign, also known as the Battle of Guadalcanal and codenamed Operation Watchtower by Allied forces, was a military campaign fought between 7 August 1942 and 9 February 1943 on and around the island of Guadalcanal in the Pacific theatre of World War II. It was the first major offensive by Allied forces against the Empire of Japan.

On 7 August 1942, Allied forces, predominantly American, landed on the islands of Guadalcanal, Tulagi, and Florida in the southern Solomon Islands with the objective of denying their use by the Japanese to threaten the supply and communication routes between the US, Australia, and New Zealand. The Allies also intended to use Guadalcanal and Tulagi as bases to support a campaign to eventually capture or neutralize the major Japanese base at Rabaul on New Britain. The Allies overwhelmed the outnumbered Japanese defenders, who had occupied the islands since May 1942, and captured Tulagi and Florida, as well as an airfield (later named Henderson Field) that was under construction on Guadalcanal. Powerful US naval forces supported the landings.

Surprised by the Allied offensive, the Japanese made several attempts between August and November 1942 to retake Henderson Field. Three major land battles, seven large naval battles (five nighttime surface actions and two carrier battles), and continual, almost daily aerial battles culminated in the decisive Naval Battle of Guadalcanal in early November 1942, in which the last Japanese attempt to bombard Henderson Field from the sea and land with enough troops to retake it was defeated. In December 1942, the Japanese abandoned further efforts to retake Guadalcanal and evacuated their remaining forces by 7 February 1943 in the face of an offensive by the US Army's XIV Corps, conceding the island to the Allies.

The Guadalcanal campaign was a significant strategic combined arms victory by Allied forces over the Japanese in the Pacific theatre. The Japanese had reached the high-water mark of their conquests in the Pacific, and Guadalcanal marked the transition by the Allies from defensive operations to the strategic offensive in that theatre and the beginning of offensive operations, including the Solomon Islands, New Guinea, and Central Pacific campaigns, that resulted in Japan's eventual surrender and the end of World War II.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1942
To Year
1943
 
Last Updated:
Sep 6, 2019
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  516 Also There at This Battle:
  • Adams, Kenneth Vernon, PO2, (1941-1944)
  • BANZET, ROBERT, S1c, (1942-1945)
  • Besson, John Henry, RADM, (1931-1959)
  • Brosnan, Ryan
  • Burlingame, Archie, S1c, (1923-1943)
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