Crommelin, John Geraerdt, Jr., RADM

Deceased
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Rear Admiral Upper Half
Last Primary NEC
131X-Unrestricted Line Officer - Pilot
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1949-1950, CNO - OPNAV/Pentagon Navy Command Center (NCC)
Service Years
1923 - 1950
Rear Admiral Upper Half
Rear Admiral Upper Half

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

20 kb

Home State
Alabama
Alabama
Year of Birth
1902
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Bersley H. Thomas, Jr. (Tom), SMCS to remember Crommelin, John Geraerdt, Jr., RADM USN(Ret).

If you knew or served with this Sailor and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Montgomery, AL
Last Address
Montgomery, AL

Date of Passing
Nov 02, 1996
 
Location of Interment
Greenwood Cemetery - Montgomery, Alabama
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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 Military Association Memberships
United States Navy Memorial
  2019, United States Navy Memorial - Assoc. Page


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

After his military service, John Crommeline operated part of his family plantation, named Harrogate Springs, in Elmore County, raising a variety of crops. He also ran unsuccessfully for various public offices. He was a candidate in the Democratic Presidential primary in New Hampshire in 1968 and also repeatedly announced himself as a candidate for the United States Senate. The National States Rights Party, advocating white supremacy, nominated him for Vice President in 1960.
   
Other Comments:

Legion of Honor
Awarded for Actions During World War II
Service: Navy
Rank: Captain
General Orders: Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 346 (January 1946)
Synopsis: Captain John G. Crommelin, Jr., United States Navy, was awarded the Legion of Merit for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the
United States as Chief of Staff of a carrier combat task group from 1 January 1944 to 8 August 1944.
   
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Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-42)/Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands
Start Year
1942
End Year
1942

Description
The Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, 26 October 1942, sometimes referred to as the Battle of Santa Cruz or in Japanese sources as the Battle of the South Pacific, was the fourth carrier battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II and the fourth major naval engagement fought between the United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy during the lengthy and strategically important Guadalcanal campaign. In similar fashion to the battles of Coral Sea, Midway, and the Eastern Solomons, the ships of the two adversaries were rarely in direct visual range of each other. Instead, almost all attacks by both sides were mounted by carrier or land-based aircraft.

In an attempt to drive Allied forces from Guadalcanal and nearby islands and end the stalemate that had existed since September 1942, the Imperial Japanese Army planned a major ground offensive on Guadalcanal for 20–25 October 1942. In support of this offensive, and with the hope of engaging Allied naval forces, Japanese carriers and other large warships moved into a position near the southern Solomon Islands. From this location, the Japanese naval forces hoped to engage and decisively defeat any Allied (primarily U.S.) naval forces, especially carrier forces, that responded to the ground offensive. Allied naval forces also hoped to meet the Japanese naval forces in battle, with the same objectives of breaking the stalemate and decisively defeating their adversary.

The Japanese ground offensive on Guadalcanal was under way in the Battle for Henderson Field while the naval warships and aircraft from the two adversaries confronted each other on the morning of 26 October 1942, just north of the Santa Cruz Islands. After an exchange of carrier air attacks, Allied surface ships were forced to retreat from the battle area with one carrier sunk and another heavily damaged. The participating Japanese carrier forces, however, also retired because of high aircraft and aircrew losses plus significant damage to two carriers. Although a tactical victory for the Japanese in terms of ships sunk and damaged, the loss of many irreplaceable, veteran aircrews would prove to be a long term strategic advantage for the Allies, whose aircrew losses in the battle were relatively low and could be quickly replaced. The high cost of the battle for the Japanese prevented their carrier forces from further significant involvement in the Guadalcanal campaign.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1942
To Year
1942
 
Last Updated:
Sep 6, 2019
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  86 Also There at This Battle:
 
  • Harp, Edward Blaine, RADM, (1929-1961)
  • Prince, James, PO2, (1940-1946)
  • Rhodes, Raleigh Ernest, CDR, (1940-1961)
  • Siebler, Jerome, S1c, (1942-1942)
  • Snincsak, Theodore Michael, S2c, (1942-1942)
  • Vejtasa, Stanley Winfield, CAPT, (1938-1970)
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