Pierce, Francis Junior, PhM1c

Deceased
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Petty Officer First Class
Last Primary NEC
PhM-0000-Pharmacist Mate
Last Rating/NEC Group
Pharmacist's Mate
Primary Unit
1943-1945, PhM-0000, 24th Marine Regiment/2nd Bn (2/24)
Service Years
1941 - 1945
PhM-Pharmacist's Mate

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

92 kb

Home State
Iowa
Iowa
Year of Birth
1924
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Richard Hopka (SW)(AW)(FMF), HM1 to remember Pierce, Francis Junior (MOH), PhM1c.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Earlville, Iowa
Last Address
Grand Rapids, Michigan

Date of Passing
Dec 21, 1986
 
Location of Interment
Holy Cross Cemetery - Grand Rapids, Michigan
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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Last Known Activity

Biography-
Francis Pierce Jr. (1924-1986) grew up in Earlville, Iowa, and was an avid hunter and a crack shot, a skill he used on Iwo Jima. As a pharmacist mate with the 4th Marine Division, he participated in the invasions of atolls, including Saipan and Tinian in 1944, treating ripped-open chests, blown-off limbs, and other appalling injuries.

After the war he returned to Earlville briefly, then left for Grand Rapids, Mich., to meet Lorraine, a woman he had corresponded with during the war. They married, he joined the local police department, and they had two sons. After Lorraine died, he married Madelyn Mellema, with whom he had two daughters. He rose steadily in the ranks of the Grand Rapids police force, becoming Deputy Chief in 1972. His career in law enforcement became noted for the same fearlessness he displayed on that tiny Pacific island in 1945. He died of cancer in 1986.

The Marine Corps established a memorial scholarship in his name to honor Navy corpsmen. Another honor, one most unusual, was the G. I. Joe Francis J. Pierce action figure by Hasbro.

ACT OF VALOR:
The entrenched, well-fortified Japanese singled out medics as targets because dead medics could not help the other wounded, thus causing more American deaths, one element pointing to the savagery of Iwo Jima. This surprising strategy was totally unlike the Germans, who normally did not follow this battlefield practice. Pierce had to carry both medical equipment and weapons, and simultaneously fight the Japanese as he risked his life repeatedly to save, treat and rescue his wounded comrades. Medics like him suffered a very high casualty rate. As the citation details, Pierce performed both deeds magnificently.

The Japanese were determined to hold Iwo Jima at all cost with no thought of surrender. They literally fought until all died. Very few Japanese surrendered. The only ones taken prisoner were the wounded.

   
Other Comments:

FRANCIS PIERCE JR:
Repeatedly risked his life to save his patients on Iwo Jima

It is March 15, 1945, and Francis Pierce Jr. is on a perilous mission as a medical corpsman in the Pacific theater. On his 17th birthday on Pearl Harbor Day, Pierce joined the Navy and left Earlville, Iowa, for an unknown future. Now he is participating in the capture of Iwo Jima, a tiny island the Japanese are using to down countless B-29s approaching the mainland.

He and his comrades have the daunting task of routing out Japanese in over 700 concrete-reinforced bunkers and caves interconnected through a vast tunnel network. The Japanese know they cannot hold out indefinitely against an invader possessing naval and air supremacy. Their mission is to exact the heaviest possible price on Americans.

After nearly a month of vicious fighting, Pierce and his fellow medics have overwhelming casualty numbers to treat?about 26,000 wounded and nearly 7,000 dead.

On this day Pierce is caught in heavy enemy fire that wounds a corpsman and two stretcher-bearers. He quickly directs the evacuation of the casualties after carrying the wounded to safety and rendering first aid. He then returns to the battlefield to draw enemy fire and, with his gun blasting, enables the corpsmen to reach cover. While he attempts to stop a patient's profuse bleeding, the Japanese fire from close range, wounding his patient again. To save this man, Pierce exposes himself to draw the attacker from the cave and kills the enemy with the last of his ammunition. He lifts the wounded man to his back, advancing unarmed through rifle fire across 200 feet of open terrain. Despite exhaustion, risking his life, he traverses the same fire-swept path to rescue the remaining marine.

On the following morning, he leads a combat patrol to the sniper nest and, while aiding a stricken marine, is seriously wounded. Refusing aid for himself, he directs treatment for the casualty while maintaining protective fire for his comrades.

On that fateful day March 16, 1945, Iwo Jima is declared under total American control. By the end of the war almost 1,500 B-29s, with almost 16,000 crewmen, used Iwo Jima as an emergency landing field. The heroism displayed during the 30-day battle on this tiny island produced nearly one-third of the 84 Medals of Honor given to World War II Marines.

Citation:
”For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while attached to the 2d Battalion, 24th Marines, 4th Marine Division, during the Iwo Jima campaign, 15 and 16 March 1945. Almost continuously under fire while carrying out the most dangerous volunteer assignments, Pierce gained valuable knowledge of the terrain and disposition of troops. Caught in heavy enemy rifle and machinegun fire which wounded a corpsman and 2 of the 8 stretcher bearers who were carrying 2 wounded marines to a forward aid station on 15 March, Pierce quickly took charge of the party, carried the newly wounded men to a sheltered position, and rendered first aid. After directing the evacuation of 3 of the casualties, he stood in the open to draw the enemy’s fire and, with his weapon blasting, enabled the litter bearers to reach cover. Turning his attention to the other 2 casualties, he was attempting to stop the profuse bleeding of 1 man when a Japanese fired from a cave less than 20 yards away and wounded his patient again. Risking his own life to save his patient, Pierce deliberately exposed himself to draw the attacker from the cave and destroyed him with the last of his ammunition. Then lifting the wounded man to his back, he advanced unarmed through deadly rifle fire across 200 feet of open terrain. Despite exhaustion and in the face of warnings against such a suicidal mission, he again traversed the same fire-swept path to rescue the remaining marine. On the following morning, he led a combat patrol to the sniper nest and, while aiding a stricken marine, was seriously wounded. Refusing aid for himself, he directed treatment for the casualty, at the same time maintaining protective fire for his comrades. Completely fearless, completely devoted to the care of his patients, Pierce inspired the entire battalion. His valor in the face of extreme peril sustains and enhances the finest traditions of the U.S Naval Service.”

Date and place: March 15-16, 1945, Iwo Jima.

Issued: Pierce was surprised to receive the award three years after the war ended—having to don his uniform one more time to attend a White House rose garden ceremony in which President Truman formally presented him with the medal.

   
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World War II
Start Year
1941
End Year
1945

Description
Overview of World War II 

World War II killed more people, involved more nations, and cost more money than any other war in history. Altogether, 70 million people served in the armed forces during the war, and 17 million combatants died. Civilian deaths were ever greater. At least 19 million Soviet civilians, 10 million Chinese, and 6 million European Jews lost their lives during the war.

World War II was truly a global war. Some 70 nations took part in the conflict, and fighting took place on the continents of Africa, Asia, and Europe, as well as on the high seas. Entire societies participated as soldiers or as war workers, while others were persecuted as victims of occupation and mass murder.

World War II cost the United States a million causalities and nearly 400,000 deaths. In both domestic and foreign affairs, its consequences were far-reaching. It ended the Depression, brought millions of married women into the workforce, initiated sweeping changes in the lives of the nation's minority groups, and dramatically expanded government's presence in American life.

The War at Home & Abroad

On September 1, 1939, World War II started when Germany invaded Poland. By November 1942, the Axis powers controlled territory from Norway to North Africa and from France to the Soviet Union. After defeating the Axis in North Africa in May 1941, the United States and its Allies invaded Sicily in July 1943 and forced Italy to surrender in September. On D-Day, June 6, 1944, the Allies landed in Northern France. In December, a German counteroffensive (the Battle of the Bulge) failed. Germany surrendered in May 1945.

The United States entered the war following a surprise attack by Japan on the U.S. Pacific fleet in Hawaii. The United States and its Allies halted Japanese expansion at the Battle of Midway in June 1942 and in other campaigns in the South Pacific. From 1943 to August 1945, the Allies hopped from island to island across the Central Pacific and also battled the Japanese in China, Burma, and India. Japan agreed to surrender on August 14, 1945 after the United States dropped the first atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Consequences:

1. The war ended Depression unemployment and dramatically expanded government's presence in American life. It led the federal government to create a War Production Board to oversee conversion to a wartime economy and the Office of Price Administration to set prices on many items and to supervise a rationing system.

2. During the war, African Americans, women, and Mexican Americans founded new opportunities in industry. But Japanese Americans living on the Pacific coast were relocated from their homes and placed in internment camps.

The Dawn of the Atomic Age

In 1939, Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Roosevelt, warning him that the Nazis might be able to build an atomic bomb. On December 2, 1942, Enrico Fermi, an Italian refugee, produced the first self-sustained, controlled nuclear chain reaction in Chicago.

To ensure that the United States developed a bomb before Nazi Germany did, the federal government started the secret $2 billion Manhattan Project. On July 16, 1945, in the New Mexico desert near Alamogordo, the Manhattan Project's scientists exploded the first atomic bomb.

It was during the Potsdam negotiations that President Harry Truman learned that American scientists had tested the first atomic bomb. On August 6, 1945, the Enola Gay, a B-29 Superfortress, released an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan. Between 80,000 and 140,000 people were killed or fatally wounded. Three days later, a second bomb fell on Nagasaki. About 35,000 people were killed. The following day Japan sued for peace.

President Truman's defenders argued that the bombs ended the war quickly, avoiding the necessity of a costly invasion and the probable loss of tens of thousands of American lives and hundreds of thousands of Japanese lives. His critics argued that the war might have ended even without the atomic bombings. They maintained that the Japanese economy would have been strangled by a continued naval blockade, and that Japan could have been forced to surrender by conventional firebombing or by a demonstration of the atomic bomb's power.

The unleashing of nuclear power during World War II generated hope of a cheap and abundant source of energy, but it also produced anxiety among large numbers of people in the United States and around the world.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1941
To Year
1945
 
Last Updated:
Nov 13, 2017
   
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  1758 Also There at This Battle:
  • Abbott, Floyd Eugene, PO3, (1943-1946)
  • Abramson, Arthur, LT, (1942-1945)
  • Agesen, Bruce Martin, LCDR, (1942-1966)
  • Ahlfs, Jerold Francis, CDR, (1940-1954)
  • Albertson, Dean Howard, LTJG, (1943-1953)
  • Alexander, William Patrick, S2c, (1942-1945)
  • Alexatos, Michael Stephen, CAPT, (1942-1970)
  • Ambellan, Charles Herbert, CAPT, (1942-1970)
  • Anderson, Leroy Marvin, LT, (1942-1946)
  • Arnold, Arlington Reid, LTJG, (1941-1946)
  • Arnold, John Jacob, LCDR, (1942-1976)
  • Aschenbrenner, John, S1c, (1943-1945)
  • Azer, John, CAPT, (1928-1948)
  • Badger, Heber Jenkins, CAPT, (1941-1961)
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