Roberts, John Quincy, ENS

Fallen
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Ensign
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1941-1942, VS-6
Service Years
1940 - 1942
Ensign
Ensign

 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
Alabama
Alabama
Year of Birth
1914
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Bersley H. Thomas, Jr. (Tom), SMCS to remember Roberts, John Quincy, ENS.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Boaz, AL
Last Address
8000 North 8th Ave
Birmingham, AL

Casualty Date
Jun 04, 1942
 
Cause
Hostile-Body Not Recovered
Reason
Air Loss, Crash - Sea
Location
Pacific Ocean
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
Courts of the Missing at the Honolulu Memorial - Honolulu, Hawaii
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Court 1 (cenotaph)

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 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

ENS Roberts was assigned to Scouting Squadron 6 (VS-6) aboard the USS Enterprise (CV-6). In the early morning hours of June 4, 1942 pilot Ens. John Roberts, his gunner, Aviation Ordnanceman First Class Thurman Randolph Swindell, and many other aircraft of Enterprises' Air Wing Six, flew off to attack the approaching Japanese Striking Force near Midway. During the ensuing battle Air Wing Six aircraft helped inflict fatal damage to three of the four Japanese carriers. Ensign Roberts' plane was shot down during the battle. He was listed as missing in action and later declared dead.
   
Comments/Citation

Service numbers: Enlisted - 4074102   Officer - 098666

Navy Cross
Awarded for Action During World War II
Service: Navy
Battalion: Scouting Squadron 6 (VS-6)
Division: U.S.S. Enterprise (CV-6)
General Orders: Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Citation: The President of the United States of America takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ensign John Quincy Roberts (NSN: 0-98666), United States Naval Reserve, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron SIX (VS-6), attached to the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Participating in a devastating assault against a Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Roberts, with fortitude and resolute devotion to duty, pressed home his attacks in the face of a formidable barrage of anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition. His gallant perseverance and utter disregard for his own personal safety were important contributing factors to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
   
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Central Pacific Campaign (1941-43)/Battle of Midway
Start Year
1942
End Year
1942

Description
The Battle of Midway in the Pacific Theater of Operations was one of the most important naval battles of World War II. Between 4 and 7 June 1942, only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea, the United States Navy (USN), under Admirals Chester W. Nimitz, Frank Jack Fletcher, and Raymond A. Spruance decisively defeated an attack by the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), under Admirals Isoroku Yamamoto, Chuichi Nagumo, and Nobutake Kondo on Midway Atoll, inflicting irreparable damage on the Japanese fleet. Military historian John Keegan called it "the most stunning and decisive blow in the history of naval warfare." It was Japan's first naval defeat since the Battle of Shimonoseki Straits in 1863.

The Japanese operation, like the earlier attack on Pearl Harbor, sought to eliminate the United States as a strategic power in the Pacific, thereby giving Japan a free hand in establishing its Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. The Japanese hoped that another demoralizing defeat would force the U.S. to capitulate in the Pacific War and thus ensure Japanese dominance in the Pacific.

The Japanese plan was to lure the United States' aircraft carriers into a trap. The Japanese also intended to occupy Midway as part of an overall plan to extend their defensive perimeter in response to the Doolittle air raid on Tokyo. This operation was also considered preparatory for further attacks against Fiji, Samoa, and Hawaii itself.

The plan was handicapped by faulty Japanese assumptions of the American reaction and poor initial dispositions.Most significantly, American codebreakers were able to determine the date and location of the attack, enabling the forewarned U.S. Navy to set up an ambush of its own. Four Japanese aircraft carriers—Akagi, Kaga, Soryu and Hiryu, all part of the six-carrier force that had attacked Pearl Harbor six months earlier—and a heavy cruiser were sunk at a cost of one American aircraft carrier and a destroyer. After Midway and the exhausting attrition of the Solomon Islands campaign, Japan's shipbuilding and pilot training programs were unable to keep pace in replacing their losses, while the U.S. steadily increased its output in both areas.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1942
To Year
1942
 
Last Updated:
Feb 2, 2019
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  322 Also There at This Battle:
  • Banzuelo, Antonio, MCPO, (1930-1960)
  • Besson, John Henry, RADM, (1931-1959)
  • Betty, Charles, PO2, (1941-1945)
  • Delchamps, Newton, MCPO, (1941-1965)
  • Earnest, Albert, CAPT, (1941-1972)
  • Feeney, John Martin, RDML, (1942-1962)
  • Ferrier, Harry, CDR, (1941-1970)
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