Buchanan, Charles Allen, RADM

Deceased
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
148 kb
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Last Rank
Rear Admiral Upper Half
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1962-1964, 14th Naval District/COMNAVBASE Pearl Harbor
Service Years
1926 - 1964
Rear Admiral Upper Half
Rear Admiral Upper Half

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

21 kb

Home State
Indiana
Indiana
Year of Birth
1904
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Steven Loomis (SaigonShipyard), IC3 to remember Buchanan, Charles Allen, RADM.

If you knew or served with this Sailor and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Brookville, IN
Last Address
Annapolis, MD

Date of Passing
Apr 03, 2001
 
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
9 5847 EH

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 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

Charles Allen Buchanan, 96, a retired rear admiral who commanded a destroyer division and squadron during the Iwo Jima and Okinawa campaigns of World War II and retired in 1964 as commander of the naval district in Hawaii, died of respiratory failure April 3, 2001, at Ginger Cove Health Center in Annapolis, Maryland.  

He was operations officer and assistant chief of staff for an amphibious task force that landed in Sicily and Salerno, Southern Italy, and in the Marshall Islands and Guam during WWII. After the war, he became an aide to James Forrestal, the Navy secretary who was the first secretary of defense.  

Admiral Buchanan was an operations officer in the eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean, commanded the USS Worcester and was commandant at the U.S. Naval Academy in the early 1950s. He commanded a destroyer squadron in the Far East and was commander of the naval base at Newport, R.I. In Hawaii, he coordinated completion of the USS Arizona-Pearl Harbor Memorial.  

Admiral Buchanan was a native of Brookville, Indiana, and a graduate of the Naval Academy.  

 
His honors included the Navy Cross, two awards of the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star with Gold Star and Combat "V" and the Silver Lifesaving Medal.
   
Other Comments:
Navy Cross
Awarded for actions during World War II 
The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Captain Charles Allen Buchanan, United States Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Officer in Tactical Command of a Radar Picket Station Unit during action against enemy Japanese forces at Okinawa in the Ryukyu Chain, on 12 April 1945. When an overwhelming force of Japanese aircraft flew in over his Task Force and launched a vicious suicide attack, Captain Buchanan fought his ships gallantly throughout the fierce engagement and, despite the tremendous odds, contributed to the success of his unit and cooperating combat air patrol squadron in accounting for more than thirty enemy aircraft shot down with minimum loss in personnel or damage to his own Task Force. An inspiring and forceful leader, highly skilled in the strategies of naval warfare, Captain Buchanan, by his superb direction of his ships' gunfire, his valiant conduct and courageous devotion to duty throughout this intensive action, contributed materially to the success of the bitterly fought Okinawa campaign and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Action Date: April 12, 1945
Service:
Navy
Rank: Captain
Company: Officer in Tactical Command
Division: Radar Picket Station Unit, Okinawa
   
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  1932-1933, USS California (BB-44)

Lieutenant Junior Grade

From Month/Year
- / 1932

To Month/Year
May / 1933

Unit
USS California (BB-44) Unit Page

Rank
Lieutenant Junior Grade

NEC
Not Specified

Location
Not Specified

Country/State
Not Specified
 
 
 Patch
 USS California (BB-44) Details

USS California (BB-44)
        Hull number BB-44

Launched: Nov. 20, 1919

Photo from 1921.































On Dec 7th she was docked at Pearl Harbor: Battleship Row; forward of the Maryland and Oklahoma

Fate: The California was struck by two torpedoes and one bomb. The first torpedo hit at 8:05 a.m.; the second came moments later. With a gaping hole in the ship, it started capsizing. Despite efforts to bail water from the ship, it sank to the harbor bottom after three days of progressive flooding.

Crew: 2,200

Deceased: 105

The ship was raised via cofferdams, moved to the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard on April, 1942, with repairs to her cage mainmast and all six 14" forward guns were removed to facilitate her refloating.  It took until January, 1944 for the ship's total reconstruction but it was a match for most of the newer US battleships in all but it's main guns (still 14").

An after view of the USS California.


































January, 1945, the USS California was hit by a Japanese kamikaze where 44 of her crew died and 155 injured.  Battle repairs were made to keep her battle-worthy and on station.  She stayed on station until the end of the month and returned to Puget Sound for repairs.  She was back on station for the landings at Okinawa and from there until the Japanese surrender in mid-August.

Of historical interest is that after the official end of WWII, the USS California was still on duty and after different assignments in Philippines and other areas in SE Asia, she returned to the US on Dec 7, 1945 - exactly 4 years to the day of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

Decommissioned: Feb. 14, 1947

Sold for scrap in 1959.


Type
Surface Vessels

Existing/Disbanded
Decommissioned

Parent Unit
Tennessee-class

Strength
Battleship

Created/Owned By
Not Specified
   

Last Updated: Apr 14, 2019
   
   
My Photos For This Duty Station
No Available Photos
17 Members Also There at Same Time
USS California (BB-44)

Brown, Wilson, VADM, (1902-1944) OFF Captain
McMorris, Charles Horatio, VADM, (1912-1952) OFF Commander
Lockwood, Charles Andrews, VADM, (1912-1947) OFF 111X Lieutenant Commander
Crommelin, John Geraerdt, RADM, (1923-1950) OFF Lieutenant
Cunningham, Winfield Scott, RADM, (1919-1950) OFF Lieutenant
Massey, Forsyth, RADM, (1931-1968) OFF Ensign
Schmidt, Maximilian Gmelich, CDR, (1928-1944) OFF Ensign
Smith, Daniel Fletcher, RADM, (1932-1971) OFF Ensign
Wintle, Jack W,, LCDR, (1932-1942) OFF 110X Ensign
Nichols, Robert, CDR, (1923-1962) OFF 713X Warrant Officer
LEIGH, Richard Henry, ADM, (1891-1934) Admiral
Standley, William Harrison, ADM, (1895-1937) Vice Admiral
Brady, John Joseph (ChC), RDML, (1914-1934) OFF 410X Captain
Hill, Harry Wilbur, ADM, (1911-1954) Commander
Denebrink, Francis Compton, VADM, (1917-1956) Lieutenant Commander
Carpenter, Elmer Lemuel, PO1, (1932-1941) BM BM-0000 Petty Officer First Class
Poole, Henry, LCDR, (1932-1966) RM RM-2312 Seaman

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