MASON, Charles, VADM

Deceased
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
79 kb
View Time Line
Last Rank
Vice Admiral
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1943-1943, Naval Air Units
Service Years
1912 - 1946
Vice Admiral
Vice Admiral

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

34 kb

Home State
Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Year of Birth
1891
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Steven Loomis (SaigonShipyard), IC3 to remember MASON, Charles (Navy Cross), VADM.

If you knew or served with this Sailor and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Harrisburg, PA
Last Address
Buried at St. John's Cemetery 5 North, Section 67. Naval Air Station, Pensacola.

Date of Passing
Aug 13, 1971
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 




 Military Association Memberships
Military Order of the World Wars (MOWW)
  1945, Military Order of the World Wars (MOWW)


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

VICE ADMIRAL CHARLES PERRY MASON
AVIATOR No. 52, USN • NAVY CROSS

Navy Cross
Awarded for actions during World War II

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Rear Admiral Charles Perry Mason, United States Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the engagement with enemy Japanese forces north of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. Throughout the battle, while the HORNET was being subjected to violent attacks by overwhelming numbers of Japanese fighters, dive and torpedo bombers, Rear Admiral Mason directed the fighting of his ship with cool and aggressive determination. The air forces under his command succeeded in severely damaging and possibly sinking a large number of enemy warships, including an aircraft carrier, three heavy cruisers, and one light cruiser. In addition to this damage to enemy surface vessels, a total of 70 Japanese planes was destroyed, the guns of the HORNET accounting for 26 of them. Rear Admiral Mason's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.

General Orders: Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Action Date: October 26, 1942
Service: Navy 

Rank: Rear Admiral
Company: Commanding Officer
Division: U.S.S. Hornet (CV-8)

USS Hornet took part in Battle of Midway.  USS Hornet (Capt. C.P. Mason) was heavily damaged in the battle of Santa Cruz on 26 October 1942. The abandoned ship, ablaze from stem to stern, refused to accept her intended fate from friends. She still floated after receiving nine torpedoes and more than 400 rounds of 5-inch shellfire from destroyers USS Mustin (Lt.Cdr. W.F. Peterson) and USS Anderson (Lt.Cdr. R.A. Guthrie). Japanese destroyers hastened the inevitable by firing four 24-inch torpedoes at her blazing hull. At 0135, 27 October 1942 she finally went down. in position 08º38'S, 166º43'E.

Naval Aviation Chronology 1917-1919
JUNE 13, 1918
The first American-built aircraft to be assembled in France, an HS-1, made its first flight at Pauillac, piloted by Lieutenant C. P. Mason, USN, with Commander J. B. Patton, USN, and Lieutenant W. B. Jameson, USNRF, as passengers

Naval Aviation Chronology 1920-1929
DECEMBER 3, 1923
The establishment of a special service squadron, for the purpose of developing long-distance scouting planes, was approved by the Chief of Naval Operations. The squadron, designated VS Squadron 3, was initially based at NAS Anacostia and commanded by Lieutenant Commander C. P. Mason

Naval Chronology Of WWII, 1943  February 15, 1943
Joint air command designated Aircraft, Solomon Islands (Rear Adm. C. P. Mason) is established with headquarters at Guadalcanal.

While Mason was fighting the Pacific War, his only son was killed in an airplane crash in Nevada. Five years later, his son's young widow was killed in a car crash. The admiral and his wife were to raise their grandson C. P. Mason III. His son and grandson followed him by graduating from the U.S. Naval Academy. Thus, three generations of Charles Masons were academy graduates.

   
Other Comments:

Charles P. Mason, Vice Admiral, USN (1891-1971)
Naval aviator Mason led city as mayor through a major period of Pensacola’s growth

One of the earliest Naval aviators to earn his wings in Pensacola returned after his retirement to help lead the city during a major growth period.Vice Admiral Charles P. Mason began his second career when he became Pensacola’s mayor in 1947, a job he held for 10 years. At first he was a mayor selected from outside the council, but wanting to have a real say in government, Mason ran for the City Council and was elected. He resigned in 1957 because of his failing eyesight.  His sight repaired, he was again appointed mayor in 1963 and held the job for two more years.

Mason was born on January 12, 1891, in Harrisburg, PA, and graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1912. He came to Pensacola and entered flight training in May 1916, graduating in 1917 as Naval aviator No. 52.

As was often the case when new Naval aviators graduated and left Pensacola, along with their new gold wings was a new wife. Young Mason had married Pensacolian Ralphine Fisher, the daughter of Will Fisher Jr. By this time, the United States was in World War I and Mason was ordered to Europe. When he returned to Pensacola it was to meet his new son, Charles Jr.

At the end of World War I, America placed an emphasis on the airplane, believing that future wars would be fought in the air. With Mason’s knowledge of aviation, he was given assignments to several stations, including Pensacola in 1920-21. On this tour of duty, he was superintendent of aviation training. At one time he was in charge of the first aircraft carrier, the old USS Langley. He conducted a number of experiments that led to changes in the design of carriers.

In 1940, Mason was ordered to Jacksonville, where he became the first commanding officer of the new Jacksonville Naval Air Station. He was there when Pearl Harbor was attacked in December 1941. He then took over the helm of the USS Hornet, which was destroyed in the Battle of Santa Cruz. “For his heroic defense of the ship he was promoted to rear admiral,” according to one report. He received the Navy Cross for this event.

While Mason was fighting the Pacific War, his only son was killed in an airplane crash in Nevada. Five years later, his son’s young widow was killed in a car crash. The admiral and his wife were to raise their grandson C. P. Mason III. His son and grandson followed him by graduating from the U.S. Naval Academy. Thus, three generations of Charles Masons were academy graduates.

In April 1946, the Admiral requested retirement after 38 years of active duty. He settled first in Jacksonville and then returned to his wife’s hometown. He had always maintained his voting residence in Pensacola, so when the City Council failed to agree on a mayoral candidate, they asked Mason if he would fill the position.

It was under Mason that Oliver J. Semmes Jr., the city engineer, became city manager. Much growth took place with Mason and Semmes running the government. The gas company was bought from Gulf Power Co. and areas outside the city were annexed, including East Pensacola Heights. The city increased size from less than 10 square miles to more than 17 square miles. A new public library was built and the library moved from Old Christ Church. Plans for a municipal auditorium were completed and an old Frisco engine was given to the city and placed in the Garden Street plaza. Mason was an avid baseball fan and the baseball park, now Veterans Park, was named Admiral Mason Park.

In addition to the Navy Cross, Mason also received the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star and honors from the governments of Mexico, Chile, Peru and Brazil. He was a Rotarian, a Mason and a member of the Boy Scouts of America. A number of admirals were honorary pallbearers for his Christ Episcopal Church funeral. Admiral Mason died August 13, 1971 and was buried at St. John’s Cemetery 5 North, Section 67.
   
 Photo Album   (More...


  1942-1942, USS Hornet (CV-8)

Captain

From Month/Year
- / 1942

To Month/Year
- / 1942

Unit
USS Hornet (CV-8) Unit Page

Rank
Captain

NEC
Not Specified

Location
Not Specified

Country/State
Not Specified
 
 
 Patch
 USS Hornet (CV-8) Details

USS Hornet (CV-8)
Hull number CV-8




USS Hornet CV-8, the seventh ship to carry the name Hornet, was aYorktown-class aircraft carrier of the United States Navy. DuringWorld War II in the Pacific Theater, she launched the Doolittle Raidon Tokyo and participated in the Battle of Midway and the Buin-Faisi-Tonolai Raid. In the Solomon Islands campaign she was involved in the Capture and Defense of Guadalcanal and the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands where she was irreparably damaged and sunk. Hornetwas in service for a year and six days and was the last US fleet carrier ever sunk by enemy fire. For these actions, she was awarded four service stars, a citation for the Doolittle Raid in 1995, and her Torpedo Squadron 8 received a Presidential Unit Citation for extraordinary heroism for the Battle of Midway.

She was launched on 14 December 1940 by Newport News Shipbuilding of Newport News, Virginia [3](sponsored by Annie Reid Knox,[4] wife of Secretary of the Navy Frank M. Knox), and commissioned at Norfolk on 20 October 1941, with Captain Marc A. Mitscher in command.[5]

During the uneasy period before the attack on Pearl HarborHornettrained out of Naval Station Norfolk. Her armament was upgraded in her January 1942 yard period, removing all .50 in (13 mm) machine guns and replacing them with thirty 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft cannons. A hint of a future mission occurred on 2 February 1942, when Hornet departed Norfolk with two Army Air Forces B-25 Mitchellmedium bombers on deck. Once at sea, the planes were launched to the surprise and amazement [6] of Hornet's crew. Her men were unaware of the meaning of this experiment, as Hornet returned to Norfolk, prepared to leave for combat, and on 4 March sailed for the West Coast via the Panama Canal

 

 

Hornet arrived at Naval Air Station Alameda, California on 20 March 1942.[8] With her own planes on the hangar deck, by midafternoon on 1 April she loaded 16 B-25s on the flight deck.[9] Under the command of Lieutenant Colonel James H. Doolittle, 70 officers and 64 enlisted men reported aboard. In company of her escort, Hornet departed Alameda on 2 April [9] under sealed orders. That afternoon, Captain Marc Mitscher informed his men of their mission: a bombing raid on Japan.

Eleven days later, Hornet joined the aircraft carrier Enterprise offMidway, and Task Force 16 (TF 16) [10] turned toward Japan. WithEnterprise providing combat air cover, Hornet was to steam deep into enemy waters. Originally, the task force intended to proceed to within 400 nmi (460 mi; 740 km) of the Japanese coast; however, on the morning of 18 April, a Japanese patrol boat, No. 23 Nitto Maru, sighted the American task force. Nashville sank the patrol boat.[11]Amid concerns that the Japanese had been made aware of their presence, Doolittle and his raiders were forced to launch prematurely from 600 nmi (690 mi; 1,100 km) out instead of the planned 450 nmi (520 mi; 830 km). Because of this decision, none of the 16 planes made it to their designated landing strip in China. After the war, it was found that Tokyo received the Nitto Maru's message in a garbled form and that the Japanese ship was sunk before it could get a clear message through to the Japanese mainland.[12]

As Hornet swung about and prepared to launch the bombers, which had been readied for take-off the previous day, a gale of more than 40 kn (46 mph; 74 km/h) churned the sea with 30 ft (9.1 m) crests; heavy swells, which caused the ship to pitch violently, shipped sea and spray over the bow, wet the flight deck and drenched the deck crews. The lead plane, commanded by Colonel Doolittle, had only 467 ft (142 m) of flight deck, while the last B-25 hung its twin rudders far out over the fantail. Doolittle, timing himself against the rise and fall of the ship's bow, lumbered down the flight deck, circled Hornetafter take-off, and set course for Japan. By 09:20, all 16 were airborne, heading for the first American air strike against the Japanese home islands.

 

 

Hornet brought her own planes on deck as TF 16 steamed at full speed for Pearl Harbor. Intercepted broadcasts, both in Japanese and English, confirmed at 14:46 the success of the raids. Exactly one week to the hour after launching the B-25s, Hornet sailed into Pearl Harbor.[13] Hornet's mission was kept an official secret for a year; until then President Roosevelt referred to the base the bombers started from only as "Shangri-La". Several years later, the USN would give this name to an aircraft carrier.

Hornet steamed from Pearl Harbor on 30 April to aid Yorktown and Lexington [14] at the Battle of the Coral Sea, but the battle ended before she reached the scene. On 4 May Task Force 16 crossed the equator, the first time ever forHornet.[15] After executing, with Enterprise, a feint towards Nauru and Banaba (Ocean) islands which caused the Japanese to cancel their operation to seize the two islands, she returned to Hawaii on 26 May,[16] and sailed two days later to help repulse an expected Japanese assault on Midway.

 

 

On 28 May, Hornet and Task Force 16 steamed out of Pearl Harbor heading for Point "Luck", an arbitrary spot in the ocean roughly 325 miles northeast of Midway, where they would be in a flank position to ambush Japan's mobile strike force of four frontline aircraft carriers the Kido Butai.[17] Japanese carrier-based planes were reported headed for Midway in the early morning of 4 June 1942. [18]HornetYorktown, and Enterprise launched aircraft, [19] just as the Japanese carriers struck their planes below to prepare for a second attack on Midway.Hornet dive bombers followed an incorrect heading and did not find the enemy fleet. Several bombers and all of the escorting fighters were forced to ditch when they ran out of fuel attempting to return to the ship. [20] Fifteen torpedo bombers of Torpedo Squadron 8 (VT-8) found their enemy and pressed home their attacks. They were met by overwhelming fighter opposition about 8 nmi (9.2 mi; 15 km) out, and with no escorts to protect them, they were shot down one by one. Ensign George H. Gay, USNR, was the only survivor of 30 men. [21]

Further attacks by Enterprise and Yorktown torpedo planes proved equally disastrous, but succeeded in dispersing both the carriers and their fighter cover. Japanese fighters were finishing off the last of the torpedo planes over Hiryū when dive bombers of Enterprise and Yorktown attacked and sank the three remaining Japanese carriers. Hiryu was hit late in the afternoon of 4 June by a strike from Enterprise and sank early the next morning. Hornet aircraft, launching late due to the necessity of recovering Yorktown scout planes and faulty communications, attacked a battleship and other escorts, but failed to score hits. Yorktown was lost to combined aerial and submarine attack. [22]

Hornet's planes attacked the fleeing Japanese fleet on 6 June 1942, and assisted in sinking the cruiser Mikuma, damaging a destroyer, and left the cruiser Mogami aflame and heavily damaged. Her attack on Mogami ended one of the decisive battles of history. [22] Midway was saved as an important base for operations into the western Pacific. Of greatest importance was the crippling of Japan's carrier strength, a severe blow from which they never fully recovered. The four large carriers took with them to the bottom some 250 aircraft and a high percentage of Japan's most highly trained and battle-experienced carrier pilots. The victory at Midway is widely seen as a turning point in the battle for the Pacific

 

 

 



Type
Surface Vessels

Existing/Disbanded
Sunk

Parent Unit
Yorktown-class

Strength
Aircraft Carrier

Created/Owned By
Not Specified
   

Last Updated: Jul 21, 2010
   
Memories For This Unit

Worst Moment
USS Hornet took part in Battle of Midway.

USS Hornet (Capt. C.P. Mason) was heavily damaged in the battle of Santa Cruz on 26 October 1942. The abandoned ship, ablaze from stem to stern, refused to accept her intended fate from friends. She still floated after receiving nine torpedoes and more than 400 rounds of 5-inch shellfire from destroyers USS Mustin (Lt.Cdr. W.F. Peterson) and USS Anderson (Lt.Cdr. R.A. Guthrie). Japanese destroyers hastened the inevitable by firing four 24-inch torpedoes at her blazing hull. At 0135, 27 October 1942 she finally went down. in position 08º38'S, 166º43'E.

Other Memories
VICE ADMIRAL CHARLES PERRY MASON USN
PILOT NAVY CROSS
Navy Cross
Awarded for actions during World War II

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Rear Admiral Charles Perry Mason, United States Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the engagement with enemy Japanese forces north of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. Throughout the battle, while the HORNET was being subjected to violent attacks by overwhelming numbers of Japanese fighters, dive and torpedo bombers, Rear Admiral Mason directed the fighting of his ship with cool and aggressive determination. The air forces under his command succeeded in severely damaging and possibly sinking a large number of enemy warships, including an aircraft carrier, three heavy cruisers, and one light cruiser. In addition to this damage to enemy surface vessels, a total of 70 Japanese planes was destroyed, the guns of the HORNET accounting for 26 of them. Rear Admiral Mason's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.

General Orders: Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Action Date: October 26, 1942
Service: Navy
Rank: Rear Admiral
Company: Commanding Officer
Division: U.S.S. Hornet (CV-8)

   
   
My Photos For This Duty Station
VADM Charles Perry Mason
USS HORNT CV-8
50 Members Also There at Same Time
USS Hornet (CV-8)

Mitscher, Marc Andrew, ADM, (1906-1947) Captain
Moran, Henry, RADM, (1923-1953) Commander
Soucek, Apollo, VADM, (1921-1955) Commander
RABY, John, RADM Lieutenant Commander
Brassfield, Arthur, CAPT, (1937-1969) Lieutenant
Fieberling, Langdon, LT, (1935-1942) Lieutenant
Ingersoll, Royal R., LT, (1934-1942) Lieutenant
MATTSON, Edward, LCDR, (1935-1944) Lieutenant
Owens, James, LT, (1935-1942) Lieutenant
Woodson, Jefferson, LT, (1926-1942) Lieutenant
Auman, Forrester, CAPT, (1941-1972) Lieutenant Junior Grade
Gray, John, LTJG Lieutenant Junior Grade
Hanson, Eugene, CAPT, (1940-1966) Lieutenant Junior Grade
Bebas, Constantine, ENS, (1938-1942) Ensign
Evans, William R., ENS, (1941-1942) Ensign
Katz, Aaron, LCDR, (1940-1945) Ensign
Laning, Richard, CAPT, (1940-1963) Ensign
Morgan, Corwin, CDR, (1940-1954) Ensign
Barnish, Francis, CPO, (1938-1963) Chief Petty Officer
Miles, Robert Bruce, PO1, (1934-1942) Petty Officer First Class
Ferrier, Harry, CDR, (1941-1970) Petty Officer Third Class
Akers, Frank P., RADM, (1918-1963) OFF 000X Commander
Harp, Edward Blaine, RADM, (1929-1961) OFF 410X Lieutenant Commander
Harwood, Bruce, CDR, (1935-1944) OFF 131X Lieutenant
Campbell, George Marvin, LTJG, (1928-1942) OFF 131X Lieutenant Junior Grade
Fisher, Clayton Evan, CDR, (1940-1961) OFF 131X Lieutenant Junior Grade
Leonard, William Nicholas, RADM, (1938-1971) OFF 131X Lieutenant Junior Grade
Magda, John Joseph, LCDR, (1940-1951) OFF 131X Lieutenant Junior Grade
Moore, Raymond Austin, LT, (1935-1942) OFF 131X Lieutenant Junior Grade
POLLARD, Joseph, CAPT, (1940-1968) OFF 210X Lieutenant Junior Grade
Abercrombie, William Warner, ENS, (1940-1942) OFF Ensign
Creamer, William E, ENS, (1940-1942) OFF 131X Ensign
Ellison, Harold John, ENS, (1941-1942) OFF 131X Ensign
Gay, George Henry, LCDR, (1941-1954) OFF 000X Ensign
Groves, Stephen William, ENS, (1940-1942) OFF 131X Ensign
Kenyon, Henry Russell, ENS, (1940-1942) OFF 131X Ensign
Moore, Ulvert Matthew, ENS, (1940-1942) OFF 131X Ensign
Teats, Grant Wayne, ENS, (1940-1942) OFF 131X Ensign
Snelson, Ian AD AD-0000 Petty Officer First Class
Allen, Woodrow Hugh, PO1, (1939-1943) AMM AMM-0000 Petty Officer Second Class
Connor, Harry, LCDR, (1940-1964) YN YN-2514 Petty Officer Second Class
Huntington, Robert Kingsbury, PO3, (1941-1942) ARM ARM-0000 Petty Officer Third Class
Lawe, William, PO3, (1936-1942) AM AM-0000 Petty Officer Third Class
Nowatzki, Richard, LCDR, (1941-1973) BM BM-0000 Petty Officer Third Class
West, Benjamin Harrison, PO2, (1940-1943) AMM AMM-0000 Petty Officer Third Class
Prince, James, PO2, (1940-1946) BM BM-0000 Boatswain's Mate 3rd Class
Case, Henry Lawrence, PO2, (1941-1944) F2c F2c-0000 Fireman 2nd Class
Hawkins, William Paul, PO2, (1942-1945) AS AS-0000 Apprentice Seaman
GARCIA, Edmund, RADM, (1927-1955) Lieutenant Commander
SMITH, Levering, VADM, (1932-1974) Lieutenant

Copyright Togetherweserved.com Inc 2003-2011