Bruton, Henry Chester, RADM

Deceased
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
10 kb
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Last Rank
Rear Admiral Upper Half
Last Primary NEC
112X-Unrestricted Line Officer - Submarine Warfare
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1958-1960, US European Command (USEUCOM)
Service Years
1926 - 1960
Rear Admiral Upper Half
Rear Admiral Upper Half

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

75 kb

Home State
Arkansas
Arkansas
Year of Birth
1905
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Michael D. Withers (Mike), OSCS to remember Bruton, Henry Chester, RADM.

If you knew or served with this Sailor and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Bellville
Last Address
Chevy Chase, Maryland

Date of Passing
Aug 15, 1992
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 




 Military Association Memberships
United States Naval InstituteSubmarine Veterans of WW IIArmed Forces Communications and Electronics Association (AFCEA)
  2013, United States Naval Institute [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  2013, Submarine Veterans of WW II
  2013, Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association (AFCEA)


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Not Specified
   
Other Comments:
NAVY CROSS

Awarded for actions during the World War II

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lieutenant Commander Henry Chester Bruton (NSN: 0-60171), United States Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GREENLING (SS-213), in the successful conduct of an offensive war patrol during the SECOND War Patrol of that vessel from 10 July 1942 until 1 September 1942. In spite of strong enemy counter measures, he coolly and courageously pressed home every favorable attack opportunity and succeeded in sinking a total of 23,950 tons of enemy merchant shipping. During one depth charge attack, depth charges were dropping sufficiently close to jar personnel from their feet and to cause minor damage throughout the ship, but he brought his ship through and his crew home without loss and in splendid offensive spirits. His courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
General Orders: Commander in Chief Pacific Fleet: Serial 24
Action Date: July 10 - September 1, 1942
Service: Navy
Rank: Lieutenant Commander
Company: Commanding Officer
Division: U.S.S. Greenling (SS-213)

NAVY CROSS

Awarded for actions during the World War II

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Lieutenant Commander Henry Chester Bruton (NSN: 0-60171), United States Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GREENLING (SS-213). Lieutenant Commander Bruton conducted an aggressive and successful war patrol in enemy controlled waters, during the THIRD War Patrol of that vessel, from 23 September 1942 to 1 November 1942. Undeterred by numerous anti-submarine patrol craft and the severe enemy counter-offensive, Commander Bruton conducted a consistently successful and aggressive War Patrol against a determined and relentless foe. His superb seamanship, skill and inspiring leadership enabled the GREENLING to sink a total of 32,050 tons of enemy shipping and to damage severely one converted aircraft carrier of 22,000 tons. Commander Bruton brought his ship through unscathed and his crew home without loss or injury and with fighting spirit undiminished. His courage and skill were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
General Orders: Commander In Chief Pacific Fleet: Serial 03549 (December 10, 1942)
Action Date: September 23 - November 1, 1942
Service: Navy
Rank: Lieutenant Commander
Company: Commanding Officer
Division: U.S.S. Greenling (SS-213)
   
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  1926-1928, USS California (BB-44)

Ensign

From Month/Year
- / 1926

To Month/Year
- / 1928

Unit
USS California (BB-44) Unit Page

Rank
Ensign

NEC
Not Specified

Location
Not Specified

Country/State
Not Specified
 
 
 Patch
 USS California (BB-44) Details

USS California (BB-44)
        Hull number BB-44

Launched: Nov. 20, 1919

Photo from 1921.































On Dec 7th she was docked at Pearl Harbor: Battleship Row; forward of the Maryland and Oklahoma

Fate: The California was struck by two torpedoes and one bomb. The first torpedo hit at 8:05 a.m.; the second came moments later. With a gaping hole in the ship, it started capsizing. Despite efforts to bail water from the ship, it sank to the harbor bottom after three days of progressive flooding.

Crew: 2,200

Deceased: 105

The ship was raised via cofferdams, moved to the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard on April, 1942, with repairs to her cage mainmast and all six 14" forward guns were removed to facilitate her refloating.  It took until January, 1944 for the ship's total reconstruction but it was a match for most of the newer US battleships in all but it's main guns (still 14").

An after view of the USS California.


































January, 1945, the USS California was hit by a Japanese kamikaze where 44 of her crew died and 155 injured.  Battle repairs were made to keep her battle-worthy and on station.  She stayed on station until the end of the month and returned to Puget Sound for repairs.  She was back on station for the landings at Okinawa and from there until the Japanese surrender in mid-August.

Of historical interest is that after the official end of WWII, the USS California was still on duty and after different assignments in Philippines and other areas in SE Asia, she returned to the US on Dec 7, 1945 - exactly 4 years to the day of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

Decommissioned: Feb. 14, 1947

Sold for scrap in 1959.


Type
Surface Vessels

Existing/Disbanded
Decommissioned

Parent Unit
Tennessee-class

Strength
Battleship

Created/Owned By
Not Specified
   

Last Updated: Sep 27, 2009
   
   
My Photos For This Duty Station
No Available Photos
16 Members Also There at Same Time
USS California (BB-44)

Bloch, Claude Charles, ADM, (1899-1946) Captain
Standley, William Harrison, ADM, (1895-1937) Captain
Gygax, Felix Xerxes, RADM, (1907-1946) Commander
Kirtland, Frederick Darrel, VADM, (1916-1953) Lieutenant
Donaho, Glynn, VADM, (1927-1967) Ensign
Neff, Edward, SN, (1924-1930) Seaman
Mayer, Harry, CMC, (1920-1945) Seaman Second Class
Hustvedt, Olaf Mandt, VADM, (1909-1946) OFF Commander
Workman, Robert DuBois, RADM, (1905-1947) OFF 410X Commander
Lowry, Frank Jacob, VADM, (1911-1950) OFF Lieutenant Commander
Scott, Norman Nicholas, RADM, (1907-1942) OFF Lieutenant Commander
Joy, Charles Turner, ADM, (1916-1954) OFF Lieutenant
Crouch, Edwin Mason, CAPT, (1917-1945) OFF Lieutenant Junior Grade
WILSON, Ralph, VADM, (1924-1960) OFF 116X Ensign
Breeman, George, CPO, (1902-1929) TC TC-0000 Chief Petty Officer
Niemi, Walfred Oscar, PO1, (1924-1929) BM Boatswain's Mate 3rd Class

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