Fletcher, Frank Jack, ADM

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Last Rank
Primary Unit
1938-1939, Bureau of Navigation
Service Years
1906 - 1947

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Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Michael Kohan (Mikey), ATCS to remember Fletcher, Frank Jack (Black Jack), ADM.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Last Address
Bethesda, Maryland

Date of Passing
Apr 25, 1973
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Section 2, Lot 4736-E

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 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

Frank Jack Fletcher was an admiral in the United States Navy during World War II. Fletcher was the operational commander at the pivotal Battles of Coral Sea and of Midway. As a lieutenant, Fletcher was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in battle at Veracruz. He was the nephew of Admiral Frank Friday Fletcher, who was also awarded the Medal of Honor for actions at Veracruz.

"Frank Jack Fletcher, was the best fighting commander in the U.S. Navy in the twentieth century. He came out best in all three aircraft carrier battles in which he fought -- there were only five such fights in of all history. Admiral Fletcher was outnumbered at all times and when the other side was at its highest point in the early years of the Pacific War. He didn't let the other side take Australia, Midway, and Guadalcanal. He put down six of the ten Japanese carriers with four of the six great carriers that had attacked Pearl Harbor. His acts were completely his own, because there was no such thing as carrier fighting experience before him to learn to fight ships from the air. He kept the Pacific safe which let much support to go to Europe and started the Allied victory in World War II."
Other Comments:

MEDAL OF HONOR CITATION: "For distinguished conduct in battle, engagements of Vera Cruz, 21 and 22 April 1914. Under fire, Lt. Fletcher was eminent and conspicuous in performance of his duties. He was in charge of the Esperanze and succeeded in getting on board over 350 refugees, many of them after the conflict had commenced. Although the ship was under fire, being struck more than 30 times, he succeeded in getting all the refugees placed in safety. Lt. Fletcher was later placed in charge of the train conveying refugees under a flag of truce. This was hazardous duty, as it was believed that the track was mined, and a small error in dealing with the Mexican guard of soldiers might readily have caused a conflict, such a conflict at one time being narrowly averted. It was greatly due to his efforts in establishing friendly relations with the Mexican soldiers that so many refugees succeeded in reaching Vera Cruz from the interior."
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 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
US NavyUSCINCLANTUS Naval Academy Annapolis (Faculty Staff)USS Colorado (BB-45)
CNO - OPNAVSecretary of the Navy (SECNAV)
  1909-1910, USS Chauncey (DD-3)
  1910-1912, USS Dale (DD-4)
  1912-1912, USS Chauncey (DD-3)
  1912-1914, USS Florida (BB-30)
  1914-1915, USCINCLANT
  1915-1917, US Naval Academy Annapolis (Faculty Staff)
  1917-1917, USS Kearsarge (BB-5)
  1918-1918, USS Allen (DD-66)
  1918-1919, USS Benham (DD-49)
  1918-1919, USS Crane (DD-109)
  1919-1919, USS Gridley (DD-92)
  1919-1922, Bureau of Navigation
  1922-1923, USS Whipple (DD-217)
  1924-1925, SUBBASE Cavite PI
  1928-1929, USS Colorado (BB-45)
  1931-1933, USCINCLANT
  1933-1933, CNO - OPNAV
  1933-1936, Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV)
  1936-1937, USS New Mexico (BB-40)
  1938-1939, Bureau of Navigation
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1911-1917 Mexican Service Campaign (1911-1919)
  1942-1942 Central Pacific Campaign (1941-43)/Battle of the Coral Sea
  1942-1942 Central Pacific Campaign (1941-43)/Battle of Midway
  1942-1942 Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-42)/Battle of the Eastern Solomons
 Colleges Attended 
United States Naval AcademyNaval War CollegeArmy War College
  1902-1906, United States Naval Academy
  1929-1930, Naval War College
  1930-1931, Army War College
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