Connaway, Fred, CDR

Fallen
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Commander
Last Primary NEC
000X-Unknown Navy Officer Classification/ Designator
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1943-1943, 000X, USS Sculpin (SS-191)
Service Years
1928 - 1943
Commander
Commander

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

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Home State
Texas
Texas
Year of Birth
1911
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Sheila Rae Myers, HM3 to remember Connaway, Fred, CDR.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Not Specified
Last Address
Helena, AR

Casualty Date
Nov 19, 1943
 
Cause
Hostile-Body Not Recovered
Reason
Other Explosive Device
Location
Pacific Ocean
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
Courts of the Missing at the Honolulu Memorial - Honolulu, Hawaii
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Court 5 (cenotaph)

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 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

On November 5, 1943, the USS Sculpin (SS 191), under command of CDR Fred Connaway, left Pearl Harbor on her ninth war patrol.  This was his first patrol aboard Sculpin which was ordered to patrol in the area of Truk, a Japanese stronghold in the Gilbert Islands, to intercept and attack enemy forces leaving Truk to oppose the forthcoming invasion by U.S. forces of Tarawa.  During late November communications with Sculpin were lost and she was presumed lost.  Following the end of World War II details of her sinking became known upon the release of Sculpin crewmembers who had become Japanese POWs.
 
During the night of November 18, 1943, Sculpin made radar contact with a large Japanese convoy and in accordance with their instructions plans were made to make an attack.  During the darkness Sculpin successfully made a fast surface end around at full power and succeeded in getting ahead of the convoy.  As dawn approached on November 19, she maneuvered into an attack position but her periscope was discovered by the Japanese and the convoy was ordered to change course toward her to present a difficult bow-on view.  Sculpin was forced to dive but later surfaced to make another run.  However, the Japanese destroyer IJN Yamagumo had been left behind for just such an occasion and was only a scant 600 yards away when Sculpin came to the surface.  Diving fast, Sculpin escaped the first salvo of depth charges but a second salvo of depth charges caused damage.  Sculpin managed to evade Yamagumo in a rain squall and about noon began to surface again.  Undetected, their depth gauge had been damaged in the earlier attack so Sculpin inadvertently surfaced instead of coming only to periscope depth.  Yamagumo was waiting and immediately attacked with a pattern of 18 depth charges.  Considerable damage was caused with temporary loss of depth control which caused Sculpin to descend beyond safe depth resulting in numerous leaks in the hull as her pressure hull was distorted, steering and diving plane gear was damaged and she was badly out of trim.  So much water entered that Sculpin was forced to run at high speed to maintain depth.  This made tracking easy for the Japanese and the next depth charge knocked out Sculpin's sonar.  CDR Connaway realized that Sculpin was severely damaged and reportedly said, "We have to surface while we still can bring her up. Battle stations!  Gun action!"  He knew his order to surface would give the crew a chance of survival.  With her decks still awash, CDR Connaway and several others manned the conning tower as gunners scrambled toward their deck guns.  But they were no match for the Yamagumo's main battery as a shell struck the conning tower killing CDR Connaway and the others with him as well as the nearby gunners.
   
Comments/Citation

Service number: 071501

Excutive Officer on USS S-13 (SS-118): 10/27/40-12/10/40
Acting Commanding Officer on USS S-48 (SS-159): 12/10/40-1/2/41
Executive Officer on USS S-48 (SS-159): 1/2/41-12/41
Commanding Officer on USS S-48 (SS-159): 1/1/42-4/2/43
Commanding Officer on USS Sculpin (SS-191): 10/20/43-11/19/43

Silver Star
Awarded for actions during World War II
Service: Navy
Citation: (Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Commander Fred Connaway (NSN: 0-71501), United States Navy, was awarded the Silver Star for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in connection with military operations against an armed enemy, during World War II. His gallant actions and dedicated devotion to duty, without regard for his own life, were in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.

The information contained in this profile was compiled from various internet sources.
   
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 Ribbon Bar
Submarine Officer Badge
Submarine Combat Patrol Badge - 7 Patrols

 
 Duty Stations
USS Texas (BB-35)US NavyNAVSUBASE New London/GrotonUSS S-18 (SS-123)
USS S-26 (SS-131)US Naval Academy Annapolis (Faculty Staff)USS Sculpin (SS-191)
  1932-1934, 000X, USS Texas (BB-35)
  1934-1934, 000X, USS Chandler (DD-206)
  1934-1935, 000X, NAVSUBASE New London/Groton
  1935-1938, 000X, USS S-18 (SS-123)
  1938-1939, 000X, USS S-26 (SS-131)
  1939-1939, 000X, US Naval Academy Annapolis (Faculty Staff)
  1939-1940, 000X, USS Sturtevant (DD-240)
  1940-1940, 000X, USS S-13 (SS-118)
  1940-1943, 000X, USS S-48 (SS-159)
  1943-1943, 000X, USS Sculpin (SS-191)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1943-1943 USS Sculpin (SS-191)/USS SCULPIN (SS-191) 9th War Patrol
  1943-1943 USS Sculpin (SS-191)/USS SCULPIN (SS-191) 7th War patrol
  1943-1943 USS Sculpin (SS-191)/USS SCULPIN (SS-191) 8th War Patrol
 Colleges Attended 
United States Naval Academy
  1928-1932, United States Naval Academy
 Other News, Events and Photographs
 
  Lucky Bag - USNA Yearbook
  Jun 02, 1932, Commissioned as Ensign
  Dec 31, 1934, Married Anna Lorena Walker
  Jun 02, 1935, Promoted to Lieutenant Junior Grade
  Jun 26, 1940, Promoted to Lieutenant
  Jun 15, 1942, Promoted to Lieutenant Commander
  Nov 18, 1942, Promoted to Commander
  May 19, 2018, General Photos
 Military Association Memberships
The National Gold Star Family RegistryWorld War II FallenUnited States Navy Memorial WW II Memorial National Registry
  2018, The National Gold Star Family Registry
  2018, World War II Fallen
  2018, United States Navy Memorial - Assoc. Page
  2018, WW II Memorial National Registry
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