Avery, Howard, CAPT

Deceased
 
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 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Captain
Last Primary NEC
131X-Unrestricted Line Officer - Pilot
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1964-1967, 131X, HQ SACT (Formerly SACLANT)
Service Years
1935 - 1967
Official/Unofficial US Navy Certificates
Panama Canal
Captain
Captain

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

75 kb

Home State
New York
New York
Year of Birth
1908
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Steven Loomis (SaigonShipyard), IC3 to remember Avery, Howard, CAPT USN(Ret).

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Contact Info
Home Town
Born Kings Ferry NY, raised Grossmont, CA.
Last Address
San Francisco, California

Date of Passing
Jul 04, 1987
 
Location of Interment
San Francisco National Cemetery - San Francisco, California
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Section EE Site 1344-A

 Official Badges 

US European Command Supreme Allied Commander Transformation US Navy Retired 30


 Unofficial Badges 

Order of the Shellback US Navy Honorable Discharge Order of the Golden Dragon




 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

Captain Howard M. Avery, USN (Ret.)
Naval Aviator Number 5050


CAPT. HOWARD MALCOM AVERY, Navy pilot who sank two German submarines in World War II. Avery was credited with sinking both submarines while flying patrol off the deck of a converted merchant ship that was escorting a convoy to England early in the war. After the war, he was a naval attache in London, Paris and with NATO in Europe. In 1961, he became commanding officer of the Naval Air Station at Lemoore, Calif. He retired in 1967.

   
Other Comments:

Howard Malcolm Avery was born in King Ferry, New York, on September 15, 1908, son of Horace W. and Edith Plested Avery. He attended San Diego (California) State College in 1926-1929, and was graduated from Stanford University, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in Economics, in 1930. He subsequently worked as a Landscape Architect. He enlisted in the U. S. Navy on November 13, 1935, was appointed Aviation Cadet on January 3, 1936. After flight training at the Naval Reserve Aviation Base, Long Beach, California, and the Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida, he was designated Naval Aviator on January 14, 1937. Commissioned Ensign on April 1, 1937, he advanced in rank ultimately, attaining that of Captain, his date of rank, July 1, 1955.

Detached from the Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida, in February 1937, he joined the USS Salt Lake City the next month, to serve as a pilot with the aviation unit of that cruiser (Scouting Squadron 4), and as Division Officer, AA Battery. He returned to the Naval Air Station, Pensacola, in June 1940, and served as an Instrument Instructor there until September 1942, during which time the United States entered World War II and he transferred from the Naval Reserve to the U.S. Navy.

In October 1942 he reported to the Naval Air Station, Seattle, Washington, where Composite Squadron 25 was fitting out, and served as Executive Officer of that squadron, based on board the USS Block Island, until July 1943. A month later he assumed command of composite Squadron 9 for anti-submarine warfare in the Atlantic on board the USS Card, and later based successively on the USS Mission Bay and the USS Solomons. For service in that command, he in entitled to the Ribbon of the Presidential Unit Citation awarded the USS Card, and was personally awarded the Legion of Merit with Combat "V," the Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Navy Cross. 

In September and October 1944 he was at Quonset Point, Rhode Island, where Torpedo Bombing Squadron 91 was being formed. He commanded Air Group (Night, 91, based on board the USS Bon Homme Richard throughout the remaining months of the war. He was awarded the Bronze Star Medal "For meritorious achievement as Commander of Air Group (Night) NINETY ONE, attached to the USS Bon Homme Richard, during operations against enemy Japanese forces in the Pacific War Area from October 57 1944 to August 15, 1945..." The citation states that he "steadily improved the tactics of night harassment employed by his planes in keeping the enemy alerted and on the defensive during the periods of darkness ..(and) contributed materially to the progress made in night carrier operations... " 

"For heroism and extraordinary achievement (in command of that Night Air Group) during operations against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Honshu, Japan, from July 17 to 29, 1945..." he was awarded a Gold Star in, lieu of the Second Distinguished Flying Cross, The citation continues: "Flying a heckler mission against hostile airfields in Chosi-Mito area of Honshu on the night of July 17, Commander Avery boldly pressed home his attack and, although faced with hazardous weather conditions, remained over the target for almost two hours, making three circuits of the clouds. On the night of July 29, he piloted a night torpedo plane with a spotter aboard to spot for a night bombardment of Hamamatsu and braved enemy antiaircraft fire while spotting and assessing damage..."

From December 1945 until May 1946 he served as Assistant Operations Office on the staff of Commander Air Force, Pacific. After his return to the United States, he was a student at the General Line School, Newport, Rhode Island, and upon graduation in May 1947 was ordered to the Navy Department, Washington, D.C. There, for more than two years he served as Aviation Electronics Requirements Officer in the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. In October 1949 he assumed command of Operational Development Squadron 3. When detached in June 1951 he was ordered to the Naval Ordnance Test Station, Inyokern, California, where he served for two years as Assistant Experimental Officer.

During the next year he served as Executive Officer of the USS Bennington, in which he participated in Operation "Mariner." The Bennington subsequently operated with the SIXTH Fleet in the Mediterranean. He was Commanding Officer of the Naval Auxiliary Air Station, Chase Field, Beeville, Texas, from August 1954 until July 1956 and the next month reported for instruction at the National War College, Washington D. C. In June 1957 he joined the staff of Commander Naval; Air Force, Atlantic and in March 1959 transferred to the staff of the Commander in Chief, Naval Forces, Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean. He remained in the area until December 1960, serving from March 1960 on the staff of the Commander in Chief, U. S. Naval Forces, Europe. In February 1961 he became Commanding Officer of the Naval Air Station, Lemoore, California, and in April 1963 was ordered to duty on the Joint Staff, Commander in Chief U. S. European Command. In April 1964 he was designate Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic Representative in Europe.

 


In addition to the Navy Cross, Legion of Merit with Combat "V," Distinguished Flying Cross with Gold Star, the Bronze Star Medal, and the Ribbon for the Presidential Unit Citation to the USS Card, Captain Avery has the American Defense Service Medal; American Campaign Medal, European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal; Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal; World War II Victory Medal; Navy Occupation Service Medal Asia Clasp; in 1954 he was awarded the Navy and Marine Corps medal and in 1950/61 the National Defense Service Medal.

   
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 Duty Stations
School Assignments - StaffNAVSTA Long Beach, CANAS PensacolaUS Navy
NAS Seattle/SandpointUSS Card (CVE-11)NAS Quonset PointUSS Bonhomme Richard (CVA-31)
Commander, Naval Air Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet (COMNAVAIRPAC)/Commander Fleet Air Western Pacific (COMFAIRWESTPAC)Naval Postgraduate School (Faculty Staff)CNO - OPNAVNaval Ordnance Test Station (NOTS) Inyokern
USS Bennington (CV-20)Chase Field, TXNaval War College (Faculty Staff)Commander, US Fleet Forces Command (COMUSFLTFORCOM)/Naval Air Forces Atlantic Fleet
NAS LemooreUS European Command (USEUCOM)HQ SACT (Formerly SACLANT)
  1935-1936, Naval Aviation Cadet (NAVCAD)
  1936-1937, 139X, NAVSTA Long Beach, CA
  1937-1937, 131X, NAS Pensacola
  1937-1940, 131X, USS Salt Lake City (CA-25)
  1940-1942, 131X, NAS Pensacola
  1942-1943, 131X, VC-9
  1942-1943, 131X, USS Block Island (ACV-21)
  1942-1943, 131X, NAS Seattle/Sandpoint
  1943-1944, 131X, USS Card (CVE-11)
  1944-1944, 131X, USS Mission Bay (ACV-59)
  1944-1944, 131X, USS Solomons (CVE-67)
  1944-1944, 131X, NAS Quonset Point
  1944-1945, 131X, USS Bonhomme Richard (CVA-31)
  1945-1946, 131X, Commander, Naval Air Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet (COMNAVAIRPAC)/Commander Fleet Air Western Pacific (COMFAIRWESTPAC)
  1946-1947, 131X, Naval Postgraduate School (Faculty Staff)
  1947-1949, 131X, Deputy Chief of Naval Operations/N8 Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Resources, Requirements and Assessment
  1951-1953, 131X, Naval Ordnance Test Station (NOTS) Inyokern
  1953-1954, 131X, USS Bennington (CV-20)
  1954-1956, 131X, Chase Field, TX
  1956-1957, 131X, Naval War College (Faculty Staff)
  1957-1959, 131X, Commander, US Fleet Forces Command (COMUSFLTFORCOM)/Naval Air Forces Atlantic Fleet
  1959-1960, 131X, Commander, US Fleet Forces Command (COMUSFLTFORCOM)/Naval Air Forces Atlantic Fleet
  1961-1963, 9420, NAS Lemoore
  1963-1964, 131X, US European Command (USEUCOM)
  1964-1967, 131X, HQ SACT (Formerly SACLANT)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1942-1944 World War II/European-African-Middle Eastern Theater
  1945-1945 World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Pacific Air Offensive (1942-45)
 Colleges Attended 
San Diego State UniversityStanford University
  1926-1929, San Diego State University
  1929-1930, Stanford University
 Other News, Events and Photographs
 
  Howard Malcom Avery's medals:2
  Jul 04, 2016, General Photos1
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