Adams, John T., FR

 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Fireman Recruit
Last Primary NEC
FA-0000-Fireman Apprentice
Last Rating/NEC Group
Fireman Apprentice
Primary Unit
1898-1898, SN-0000, USS Maine (ACR-1)
Service Years
1898 - 1898

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

Home State
District Of Columbia
Year of Birth
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Casualty Info
Home Town
Washington, DC
Last Address
1203 Half Street, S.W.
Washington, D.C.

Casualty Date
Feb 15, 1898
Hostile, Died
Other Explosive Device
Spanish-American War/USS Maine (ACR-1) Sunk
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

 Unofficial Badges 

 Military Association Memberships
Spanish American War FallenUnited States Navy Memorial
  1898, Spanish American War Fallen
  2014, United States Navy Memorial [Verified] - Assoc. Page

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 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
US Navy
  1898-1898, SN-0000, USS Maine (ACR-1)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1898-1898 Spanish-American War/USS Maine (ACR-1) Sunk
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Adams, John T. (Coal Passer), USN, died in Explosion of USS Maine 15 Feb 1898.

Pension records show dependents of those killed in the Explosion of the Maine Received One years pay and 12 dollars a month pension.

USS Maine (ACR-1) was the United States Navy's second commissioned pre-dreadnought battleship and the first U.S. Navy ship to be named after the state of Maine.[a][1] Originally classified as an armored cruiser, she was built in response to the Brazilian battleship Riachuelo and the increase of naval forces in Latin America. Maine and her near-sister ship Texas reflected the latest European naval developments, with the layout of her main armament resembling that of the British ironclad Inflexible and comparable Italian ships. Her two gun turrets were staggered en échelon, one sponsoned out on each side of the ship, with cutaways in the superstructure to allow both to fire ahead, astern or across her deck. She dispensed with full masts thanks to the increased reliability of steam engines by the time of her construction.

Despite these advances, the Maine was out of date by the time she entered service, due to her protracted construction period and changes in the role of ships of her type, naval tactics and technology. The general use of steel in warship construction precluded the use of ramming without danger to the attacking vessel. The potential for blast damage from firing end–on or cross–deck discouraged en échelon gun placement; the practice was phased out of European naval designs before Maine entered service. The changing role of the armored cruiser from a small, heavily–armored substitute for the battleship to a fast, lightly–armored commerce raider also hastened her obsolescence. Despite these disadvantages, Maine was seen as an advance in American warship design.

The Maine is best known for her catastrophic loss in Havana harbor on the evening of 15 February 1898. Sent to protect U.S. interests during the Cuban revolt against Spain, she exploded suddenly without warning and sank quickly, killing nearly three quarters of her crew. The cause and responsibility for her sinking remained unclear after a board of inquiry. Nevertheless, popular opinion in the U.S., fanned by inflammatory articles printed in the "Yellow Press" by William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer, blamed Spain. The phrase "Remember the Maine, to Hell with Spain!" became a rallying cry for action, which came with the Spanish–American War later that year. While the sinking of the Maine was not a direct cause for action, it served as a catalyst, accelerating the approach to a diplomatic impasse between the U.S. and Spain.

The cause of the Maine's sinking remains the subject of speculation. Suggestions have included an undetected fire in one of her coal bunkers, a naval mine and her deliberate sinking to drive the U.S. into a war with Spain.

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