Brown, James Caviness, HM2

 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Petty Officer Second Class
Last Primary NEC
HM-0000-Hospital Corpsman
Last Rating/NEC Group
Hospital Corpsman
Primary Unit
1950-1950, HM-0000, 3rd Bn, 7th Marine Regiment (3/7)
Service Years
1948 - 1950
HM-Hospital Corpsman

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

Home State
North Carolina
North Carolina
Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Tommy Burgdorf (Birddog), FC2 to remember Brown, James Caviness, HM2.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Last Address
Not Specified

Casualty Date
Dec 04, 1950
Hostile, Died while Missing
Unknown, Not Reported
Korea, North
Korean War/CCF Intervention (1950-51)/Chosin Reservoir (Battle of Changjin)
Location of Interment
National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific - Honolulu, Hawaii
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

 Unofficial Badges 

 Military Association Memberships
Korean War FallenUnited States Navy Memorial The National Gold Star Family Registry
  2013, Korean War Fallen
  2015, United States Navy Memorial - Assoc. Page
  2015, The National Gold Star Family Registry

 Ribbon Bar

 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
3rd Bn, 7th Marine Regiment (3/7)
  1950-1950, HM-0000, 3rd Bn, 7th Marine Regiment (3/7)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1950-1950 Korean War/UN Offensive (1950)/Inchon Landing/Operation Chromite
  1950-1950 Korean War/CCF Intervention (1950-51)/Chosin Reservoir (Battle of Changjin)
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Hospital Corpsman Second Class Brown was a member of the U.S. Navy serving with Headquarters and Service Company, 3rd Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division. On December 4, 1950, as the 7th Marines were withdrawing to Hagaru-ri, North Korea, its convoy was ambushed.

On the morning of 1 December, 3rd Battalion, 7th Marines (3/7) engaged the PVA 175th Regiment of the 59th Division at Hill 1542 and Hill 1419. The tenacious Chinese defenders soon forced the Marines to dig in on the slopes between the road and the peaks  when the convoy passed 3/7's position by the afternoon.   With Hagaru-ri still not captured, the PVA High Command scrambled the 79th Division to resume attacks on Yudam-ni while the 89th Division rushed south towards Koto-ri.   The Chinese struck at night, and the ferocious fighting forced the rear covering forces to call in night fighters to suppress the attacks..   The fighting lasted well into the morning of 2 December until all the Marines managed to withdraw from Yudam-ni.

At the same time, 1st Battalion, 7th Marines (1/7) also tried to break the Chinese blockade at Hill 1419 on 1 December. Despite being badly reduced by combat, hunger and frostbite, the PVA 59th Division sent in its last five platoons and refused to yield.   As night approached, 1/7 finally captured the peak and started to march through the hills on the east side of the road.   Relying on the element of surprise, 1/7 managed to destroy several Chinese positions along the road.   On the morning of 2 December, a joint attack by Fox Company and 1/7 secured the Toktong Pass, thus opening the road between Yudam-ni and Hagaru-ri.

Although the road had been opened between Yudam-ni and Hagaru-ri, the convoy still had to fight through the numerous Chinese positions on the hills overlooking the road. On the first night of the retreat, the Chinese struck the convoy in force and inflicted heavy casualties upon 3rd Battalion, 5th Marines (3/5).   Although strong air cover suppressed most of the Chinese forces for the rest of the march, the cold weather, harassing fire, raiding parties, and road blocks slowed the retreat to a crawl while inflicting numerous casualties.   Despite those difficulties, the convoy reached Hagaru-ri in an orderly fashion on the afternoon of 3 December, with the withdrawal completed on 4 December.
Not Specified
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