Nix, Joshua J., LCDR

Fallen
 
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Last Rank
Lieutenant Commander
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1941-1942, USS Edsall (DD-219)
Service Years
1930 - 1942
Lieutenant Commander
Lieutenant Commander

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Home State
Texas
Texas
Year of Birth
1908
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Steven Loomis (SaigonShipyard), IC3 to remember Nix, Joshua J., LCDR.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Ft. Worth, TX and Memphis, TN.
Last Address
Lost at sea. 1 March 1942:
Indian Ocean. That morning, Lt Joshua J. Nix's EDSALL completed transferring LANGLEY's survivors to PECOS, then headed towards Tjilatjap. The Heavy cruiser Chikuma sunk the Edsall with 6" gunfire.

Casualty Date
Mar 01, 1942
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Artillery, Rocket, Mortar
Location
Indian Ocean
Conflict
Not Specified
Location of Interment
Buried at Sea, Indian Ocean
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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World War II Fallen
  1942, World War II Fallen [Verified]

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 Duty Stations
US Naval Academy Annapolis (Faculty Staff)US NavySchool Assignments - StaffCommander in Chief Pacific Fleet (CINCPACFLT)/Commander Pacific Fleet (COMPACFLT)
  1926-1930, US Naval Academy Annapolis (Faculty Staff)
  1930-1932, Naval Sea Units
  1935-1935, Naval Destroyer School
  1939-1941, Commander In Chief Asiatic Fleet/Commander, Destroyers, Asiatic Fleet (COMDESAF)
  1939-1941, USS Edsall (DD-219)
  1941-1942, Commander in Chief Pacific Fleet (CINCPACFLT)/Commander Pacific Fleet (COMPACFLT)
  1941-1942, USS Edsall (DD-219)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1941-1942 World War II
  1942-1942 East Indies Campaign (1941-42)/USS Edsall (DD-219)
 Colleges Attended 
United States Naval Academy
  1926-1930, United States Naval Academy
 Other News, Events and Photographs
 
  Mar 01, 2013, General Photos
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
LCdr. Joshua James Nix, U.S.N
was the youngest destroyer skipper in the U.S. Asiatic Fleet in October 1941.

USS EDSALL (DD-219)

In memory of the officers and crew of the Edsall, their Captain *LCdr. Joshua James Nix was born in 1908 in Fort Worth, Texas, raised in Memphis, Tennessee, and graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1930. Captain Nix was awarded the Legion of Merit and the crew a battle star for their participation in the sinking of the Imperial Japanese Navy submarine "Sensuikan I-124" in shallow water on January 20, 1942. This action was referred to as "first blood" drawn by the U.S. Navy upon the Imperial Navy following attack on Pearl Harbor. The recovered codebooks were instrumental in breaking Japanese Naval and Merchant codes that led to the Ambush of the Japanese fleet off of Midway Island later in the summer of 1942. Unfortunately the Edsall was sunk by the Battleships Hiei and Kirishima, Heavy Cruisers Tone and Chikuma and 28 Dive bombers from the Akagi, Hiryu, Soryu and Kaga in a two hour running engagement South of Java, March 1, 1942. Lt. Joshua J. Nix, all 150 of his men, and the 32 AAF personnel of EDSALL's crew perished and none survived the war to give any details of the last gallant days of their ship.
   
Comments/Citation
On 27 February 1942, she picked up 177 survivors from the aircraft transport USS Langley, which was damaged by Japanese aircraft. She then sunk the Langley with torpedoes and gunfire. The next day the survivors from Langley went aboard the oiler USS Pecos. Edsall then headed back to Tjilatjap but she never reached it.

Around 1800 hours on 1 March 1942 the Japanese battlecruisers Hiei and Kirishima and heavy cruisers Chikuma and Tone engage the damaged USS Edsall (Lt.Cmdr Joshua James Nix) with gunfire. The Japanese ships fire over 1300 rounds at the Edsall and score only two hits. An air strike on the Edsall by the nearby carriers is requested.


Soryu launches nine dive bombers and the Akagi eight. The aircraft hit Edsall with 550lb and 1100lb bombs and set her on fire. Eventually Edsall goes dead in the water. The Heavy cruiser Chikuma moves in and destroys the stationary Edsall with 6" gunfire.

Around 1900 hours Edsall slides beneath the waves in position 13º45'S, 106º47'E.


From "United States destroyer operations in World War II".
By Theodore Roscoe


Note: *Lieutenant Joshua James Nix may have been posthumously
awarded the rank of Lieutenant Commander and the Purple Heart.


Lt. J. J. Nix served as the Executive Officer on the U.S.S. Edsall
before releaving Lt.Cdr. Edwin Mason Crouch and becoming the ship's
Commanding Officer in October 1941.

   
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