McManus, Francis Joseph, LT

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Last Rank
Last Service Branch
Chaplain Christian
Last Primary NEC
410X-Chaplain Corps Officer
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1940-1942, 410X, USS Canopus (AS-9)
Service Years
1940 - 1945
Chaplain Christian

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

Home State
Year of Birth
Not Specified
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Tommy Burgdorf (Birddog), FC2 to remember McManus, Francis Joseph, LT.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Last Address
Not Specified

Casualty Date
Jan 25, 1945
Hostile, Died while Captured
Other Explosive Device
World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Philippine Islands Campaign (1941-42)/USS Canopus (AS-9)
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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 Duty Stations
USS Canopus (AS-9)
  1940-1942, 410X, USS Canopus (AS-9)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1941-1941 Philippine Islands Campaign (1941-42)/USS Canopus (AS-9)
  1941-1942 Philippine Islands Campaign (1941-42)/Battle of the Philippines
  1941-1942 World War II
  1942-1942 Philippine Islands Campaign (1941-42)/Battle of Corrigedor
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

ORYOKU MARU and BRAZIL MARU (December, 1944)

These two 7,000 ton Japanese passenger ships were being used to transport some 1,619 American prisoners of war, mostly officers, to Japan. Marched through the streets of Manila from the Bilibid POW Camp to Pier 7 for boarding, the prisoners were crammed into the holds, standing room only. Also on board were around 700 civilians plus 100 crew and 30 Japanese guards. Already overloaded, the Oryoku Maru then took on about 1,000 Japanese seamen, survivors of ships sunk in Manila Harbor. She was spotted on her next day out at sea by U.S. Navy planes from the carrier USS Hornet and attacked. The Oryoku Maru sailed into Subic Bay in the Philippines and ran aground to prevent her sinking. The attack continued over a period of two days, in which 286 U.S. POWs were killed. The survivors, numbering 925, who were forced to swim ashore, were then transported by truck and train to San Fernando and thence to other ships, the Enoura Maru and Brazil Maru.

The Brazil Maru, which also carried a cargo of 12,000 bags of sugar, sailed for Japan on January 14, 1945. Conditions on board were indescribable, hundreds dying on the way from the cold, lack of air and water. On arrival at Moji in Japan two weeks later, only 475 were alive. Of these, 161 died within the first month ashore. Of the original 1,619 Americans on board the Oryoku Maru, around 300 had died.


Silver StarPrisoner of War Medal
Rank/Rate Lieutenant, Chaplain Corps
Service Number 0-077981
Birth Date *
From Cleveland, Ohio
Decorations Silver Star, Prisoner of War Medal
Ship USS Canopus (AS-9)
Date of Death January 25, 1945
Location Aboard Hellship Brazil Maru bound for Japan
Circumstances Died as a Prisoner of War

?When an armor-piercing bomb exploded in the vicinity of the
after magazine crushing or exploding 70 rounds of ammunition,
killing 6 men and wounding 6 others, and starting fires in adjacent
compartments, Chaplain McManus, with complete disregard for
his own safety, entered the smoke and steam filled engine room,
assisted in removing the wounded and administered the last rites
to the dying. His courageous action, beyond the call of duty and
in the face of grave danger, is in keeping with the highest traditions
of the United States Naval Service.?

From the citation for the Silver Star Medal.

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