France, Kenneth Carl, MM1c

Fallen
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Petty Officer First Class
Last Primary NEC
MM-0000-Machinist's Mate
Last Rating/NEC Group
Machinists Mate
Primary Unit
1940-1942, MM-9593, USS Canopus (AS-9)
Service Years
1937 - 1944
Official/Unofficial US Navy Certificates
Order of the Golden Dragon
Neptune Subpoena
MM-Machinists Mate
One Hash Mark

 Last Photo   Personal Details 


Home State
California
California
Year of Birth
1920
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Tommy Burgdorf (Birddog), FC2 to remember France, Kenneth Carl, PO1.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Los Angeles
Last Address
Not Specified

Casualty Date
Oct 24, 1944
 
Cause
Hostile, Died while Captured
Reason
Other Explosive Device
Location
Philippines
Conflict
World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Philippine Islands Campaign (1941-42)/Battle of the Philippines
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 

Order of the Shellback Order of the Golden Dragon


 Military Association Memberships
Military Order of Foreign Wars of the United StatesUSS Canopus AS-34/AS-9 AssociationSubmarine Veterans of WW IIAmerican Ex-POW Association
Military Order of the World Wars (MOWW)
  1941, Military Order of Foreign Wars of the United States [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  1942, USS Canopus AS-34/AS-9 Association [Verified]
  1942, Submarine Veterans of WW II
  1944, American Ex-POW Association [Verified] - Assoc. Page
  1945, Military Order of the World Wars (MOWW)

 Photo Album   (More...


 Ribbon Bar
Submarine Enlisted Badge
Submarine Combat Patrol Badge

 
 Enlisted/Officer Basic Training
  1937, Recruit Training (San Diego, CA)
 Duty Stations
Service Schools Command (Faculty Staff)US NavyUSS Canopus (AS-9)
  1937-1937, MM-0000, Service Schools Command (Faculty Staff)
  1938-1940, MM-0000, Naval Sea Units
  1940-1942, MM-9593, USS Canopus (AS-9)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1939-1941 Neutrality Operations in the North Atlantic
  1941-1941 Philippine Islands Campaign (1941-42)/USS Canopus (AS-9)
  1941-1945 World War II
  1942-1942 Philippine Islands Campaign (1941-42)/Battle of Corrigedor
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

ARISAN MARU (October 24, 1944)

Japanese freighter of 6,886-tons bound for Japan (in convoy of 17 ships) from Manila Bay in the Philippines. In the holds were about 100 civilians and 1,782 American prisoners of war being transported as slave laborers to work in the mines and factories of Japan. Crowded so close together they could not lie down, the holds soon became a hell-hole as the temperature soared to over 100 degrees F. The lack of fresh air caused many to go mad as the holds became fouled by the stench of sweating bodies, urine and human excrement. As the ship sailed into a typhoon, the odor of vomit from the hundreds of sea sick prisoners added to the wretched conditions.

Four days out into the China Sea, in the Bashi Strait, at 1500 on the 24th, a terrible jolt shook the ship from bow to stern as three torpedoes from the American submarine USS Shark (some sources say USS Snook....both these submarines failed to return from that patrol) split the ship in two. The two halves separated but remained afloat, only to sink two hours later. Most of the Japanese crew and guards were the first to escape by the few available lifeboats. Those guards left behind were set upon by the enraged POWs and killed. Only seven men survived the sinking by clinging to wreckage. Two were picked up by the Japanese escort destroyer; the other five were later rescued by a Chinese fishing boat and reached the Chinese coast. As the Arisan Maru was unmarked, the captain of the submarine had no way of knowing that the ship carried POWs.

Many other 'hell ships' sailed the Pacific seas and were sunk during the last three years of the war, but little is known about them. After the war, investigators discovered that the Japanese had destroyed numerous records of these voyages. Between 1942 and 1945, it is recorded that 134 Japanese ships made 156 voyages carrying POWs. The number of prisoners amounted to 126,064, of which 21,039 died.


   
Comments/Citation


Purple HeartPrisoner of War Medal
Rank/Rate Machinist's Mate, First Class
Service Number 03820915
Birth Date September 2, 1920
From Los Angeles, California
Decorations Purple Heart, Prisoner of War Medal
Ship USS Canopus (AS-9)
Date of Death October 24, 1944
Location Aboard the Hellship Arisan Maru
Circumstances Died when Arisan Maru, transporting Allied Prisoners of War from the Philippines to Japan, was sunk by USS Shark (SS-314)
Remarks Kenneth had previously been injured during a bombing attack of December 29, 1941.




   
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