Coe, James (Jim), CDR

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1943-1943, 112X, USS Cisco (SS-290)

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This Military Service Page was created/owned by John B. Bruneel, Sr. (DocAsaurus), HMCM to remember Coe, James (Jim), CDR.

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Sep 28, 1943
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Commander James W. Coe was the Commanding Officer of the USS Cisco (SS-290).  The Cisco was on her first war patrol.  The submarine left Freemantle, Australia on September 19, 1943 and was never heard from again.

Commander Coe's daughter, Mary Lee Coe Fowler wrote a book (just released in May, 2008) about her father and the Submarine service of pre and early World War II.  This book is available on Amazon and at finer book stores.

Full fathom five thy father lies;
Of his bones are coral made'
Those are the pearls that were his eyes'
Nothing of him that doth fade
But doth suffer a sea change
Into something rich and strange.
Sea nymphs hourly ring his knell:
Hark! Now I hear them --ding-dong bell.

William Shakespeare

One of the funniest memorandums to come out of World War II and one that was later featured in the movie Operation Petticoat was the (in)famous Toilet Paper letter.  Its' author was none other than Lieutenant Commander Coe, at the time skipper of the Skipjack.  Here it is:

June 11, 1942

From: Commanding Officer

To: Supply Officer, Navy Yard, Mare Island, California
Via: Commander Submarines, Southwest Pacific

Subject: Toilet Paper
Reference: (a) USS HOLLAND (5148) USS SKIPJACK req. 70-42 of 30 July 1941.
(b) SO NYMI Canceled invoice No. 272836

Enclosure: (1) Copy of cancelled Invoice
(2) Sample of material requested.

1. This vessel submitted a requisition for 150 rolls of toilet paper on July 30, 1941, to USS HOLLAND. The material was ordered by HOLLAND from the Supply Officer, Navy Yard, Mare Island, for delivery to USS SKIPJACK.
2. The Supply Officer, Navy Yard, Mare Island, on November 26, 1941, cancelled Mare Island Invoice No. 272836 with the stamped notation "Cancelled---cannot identify." This cancelled invoice was received by SKIPJACK on June 10, 1942.
3. During the 11 ¾ months elapsing from the time of ordering the toilet paper and the present date, the SKIPJACK personnel, despite their best efforts to await delivery of subject material, have been unable to wait on numerous occasions, and the situation is now quite acute, especially during depth charge attack by the "back-stabbers."
4. Enclosure (2) is a sample of the desired material provided for the information of the Supply Officer, Navy Yard, Mare Island. The Commanding Officer, USS SKIPJACK cannot help but wonder what is being used in Mare Island in place of this unidentifiable material, once well known to this command.
5. SKIPJACK personnel during this period have become accustomed to use of "ersatz," i.e., the vast amount of incoming non-essential paper work, and in so doing feel that the wish of the Bureau of Ships for the reduction of paper work is being complied with, thus effectively killing two birds with one stone.
6. It is believed by this command that the stamped notation "cannot identify" was possible error, and that this is simply a case of shortage of strategic war material, the SKIPJACK probably being low on the priority list.
7. In order to cooperate in our war effort at a small local sacrifice, the SKIPJACK desires no further action be taken until the end of the current war, which has created a situation aptly described as "war is hell."
J.W. Coe

Here is the rest of the story:

The letter was given to the Yeoman, telling him to type it up. Once typed and upon reflection, the Yeoman went looking for help in the form of the XO. The XO shared it with the OD and they proceeded to the CO's cabin and asked if he really wanted it sent. His reply, "I wrote it, didn't I?"

As a side note, twelve days later, on June 22, 1942 J.W. Coe was awarded the Navy Cross for his actions on the S-39 and the Skipjack.

The "toilet paper" letter reached Mare Island Supply Depot. A member of that office remembers that all officers in the Supply Department "had to stand at attention for three days because of that letter." By then, the letter had been copied and was spreading throughout the fleet and even to the President's son who was aboard the USS Wasp.

As the boat came in from her next patrol, Jim and crew saw toilet-paper streamers blowing from the lights along the pier and pyramids of toilet paper stacked seven feet high on the dock. Two men were carrying a long dowel with toilet paper rolls on it with yards of paper streaming behind them as a band played coming up after the roll holders. Band members wore toilet paper neckties in place of their Navy neckerchiefs. The wind-section had toilet paper pushed up inside their instruments and when they blew, white streamers unfurled from trumpets and horns.
As was the custom for returning boats to be greeted at the pier with cases of fresh fruit/veggies and ice cream, the Skipjack was first greeted thereafter with her own distinctive tribute-cartons and cartons of toilet paper.

This letter became famous in submarine history books and found its way to the movie ("Operation Petticoat"), and eventually coming to rest (copy) at the Navy Supply School at Pensacola, Florida. There, it still hangs on the wall under a banner that reads, "Don't let this happen to you!" Even John Roosevelt insured his father got a copy of the letter.

The original is at Bowfin Museum in Hawaii.

Other Comments:
Prior to taking command of the USS Cisco, Commander Coe was the Commanding Officer of the USS S-39 (SS-144) and the USS Skipjack (SS-184).  For heroic actions in those commands he was awarded the Navy Cross.

The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James W. Coe, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. S-39 (SS-144) during the FIRST through the FOURTH War Patrols in the Southwest Pacific from 8 December 1941 through March 1942, and as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SKIPJACK (SS-184), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 14 April 1942 to 17 May 1942, in enemy controlled waters at Cam Ranh Bay. While conducting war patrols as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. S-39, Lieutenant Commander Coe boldly and successfully delivered an attack under hazardous and difficult conditions which resulted in the sinking of an armed enemy auxiliary vessel in Philippine waters, and later, a large enemy naval tanker in the Java Sea. Furthermore, while Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SKIPJACK, he skillfully evaded enemy naval and air patrols to deliver a vigorous and effectively executed attack against enemy vessels, armed or escorted by anti-submarine craft. In these engagements, the SKIPJACK succeeded in destroying two large enemy auxiliaries and an enemy Japanese transport in the South China Sea and seriously damaging and presumably sinking another enemy armed auxiliary. Lieutenant Commander Coe displayed the outstanding characteristics of a leader, and the aggressive and intrepid spirit of a fine seaman which were in keeping with the traditions of the United States Naval Service.

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 Unit Assignments/ Advancement Schools
US NavyUSS Chicago (CA-29)Submarine School Officers Advanced CourseUSS S-27 (SS-132)
USS S-33 (SS-138)US Naval Academy Annapolis (Faculty Staff)USS S-36 (SS-141)USS S-39 (SS-144)
USS Skipjack (SS-184)USS Cisco (SS-290)
  1930-1931, USS Nevada (BB-36)
  1931-1933, USS Chicago (CA-29)
  1933-1933, Submarine School Officers Advanced Course
  1934-1935, 112X, USS S-27 (SS-132)
  1936-1937, 112X, USS S-33 (SS-138)
  1937-1939, 112X, US Naval Academy Annapolis (Faculty Staff)
  1939-1940, 112X, USS S-36 (SS-141)
  1940-1942, 112X, USS S-39 (SS-144)
  1942-1943, 112X, USS Skipjack (SS-184)
  1943-1943, 112X, USS Cisco (SS-290)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1941-1941 USS S-39 (SS-144)/USS S-39 (SS-144) 1st War Patrol
  1941-1945 World War II
  1942-1942 USS S-39 (SS-144)/USS S-39 (SS-144) 2nd War Patrol
  1942-1942 Submarine War Patrols
  1942-1942 Submarine War Patrols
  1942-1942 Submarine War Patrols
  1942-1942 USS S-39 (SS-144)/USS S-39 (SS-144) 3rd War Patrol
  1943-1943 World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater
  1943-1943 USS Cisco (SS-290)
 Colleges Attended 
United States Naval Academy
  1926-1930, United States Naval Academy
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