Schonland, Herbert Emery, RADM

Deceased
 
 Service Photo   Service Details
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Last Rank
Rear Admiral Upper Half
Last Primary NEC
111X-Unrestricted Line Officer - Surface Warfare
Last Rating/NEC Group
Line Officer
Primary Unit
1945-1946, 111X, NTTC Treasure Island (Faculty Staff)
Service Years
1925 - 1947
Official/Unofficial US Navy Certificates
Order of the Square Rigger
Rear Admiral Upper Half
Rear Admiral Upper Half

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

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Home State
Maine
Maine
Year of Birth
1900
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Bersley H. Thomas, Jr. (Tom), SMCS to remember Schonland, Herbert Emery (MOH), RADM USN(Ret).

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Contact Info
Home Town
Portland
Last Address
Not Specified

Date of Passing
Nov 13, 1984
 
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Section 7-A, Grave 168

 Official Badges 




 Unofficial Badges 

Order of the Shellback




 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

Assistant Professor of Mathematics, University of Santa Clara from 1947- 1950.

Schonland graduated from the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland in 1925- joining the Navy from his birth state of Maine. By November 12, 1942 he was serving as a lieutenant commander on the USS San Francisco (CA-38). On that day, the San Francisco was heavily damaged during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal and began taking on water. Schonland, as the damage control officer, worked through the night to stop the flooding and save the ship.

His actions during this encounter demonstrated his acumen. The ship had taken 85 hits in excess of five inches just above the water line and was leaking badly. At a key point during the effort to keep it from sinking, Schonland realized that the pumps for the second deck were inadequate to remove the water, but that the vessel had much higher capacity bilge pumps. So he called down to the engine room to arrange for all the bilge pumps to be pumping at full capacity, and the crew there ready for an immense amount of water. He then opened the hatches to the lower decks. This served the additional purpose of lowering the center of gravity of the ship, thus increasing its stability during the effort to save it.

   
Other Comments:


Schonland's official Medal of Honor citation reads:

"For extreme heroism and courage above and beyond the call of duty as damage control officer of the U.S.S. San Francisco in action against greatly superior enemy forces in the battle off Savo Island, 12–13 November 1942. In the same violent night engagement in which all of his superior officers were killed or wounded, Lt. Comdr. Schonland was fighting valiantly to free the San Francisco of large quantities of water flooding the second deck compartments through numerous shell holes caused by enemy fire. Upon being informed that he was commanding officer, he ascertained that the conning of the ship was being efficiently handled, then directed the officer who had taken over that task to continue while he himself resumed the vitally important work of maintaining the stability of the ship. In water waist deep, he carried on his efforts in darkness illuminated only by hand lanterns until water in flooded compartments had been drained or pumped off and watertight integrity had again been restored to the San Francisco. His great personal valor and gallant devotion to duty at great peril to his own life were instrumental in bringing his ship back to port under her own power, saved to fight again in the service of her country."

   
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 Duty Stations
US NavyAdvancement Schools and CoursesNaval Education and Training Center Newport (Faculty Staff)NTTC Treasure Island (Faculty Staff)
  1925-1925, 110X, USS Utah (BB-31)
  1925-1931, 116X, USS Bushnell (AG-32)
  1931-1933, 116X, Officers Torpedo School
  1934-1934, 116X, USS Milwaukee (CL-5)
  1935-1937, 111X, USS Argonne (AG-31)
  1937-1939, 111X, Naval Education and Training Center Newport (Faculty Staff)/PSD Newport (Faculty Staff)
  1939-1942, 111X, USS San Francisco (CA-38)
  1942-1943, 111X, USS San Francisco (CA-38)
  1944-1944, 111X, NAVBASE San Francisco
  1945-1946, 111X, NTTC Treasure Island (Faculty Staff)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1941-1941 World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Attack on Pearl Harbor
  1942-1942 Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-42)/Cape Esperance (Second Savo)
  1942-1942 Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-42)/Cape Esperance (Second Savo)
  1942-1945 World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater
  1943-1943 Aleutians Islands Campaign (1942-43)/Bombardment of Kiska
  1943-1943 Aleutians Islands Campaign (1942-43)/Invasion & Occupation of Attu
  1943-1944 World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Northern Solomon Islands Campaign (1943-44)
 Colleges Attended 
United States Naval Academy
  1921-1925, United States Naval Academy
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